Behavioral/Style Perspective to Leadership


The outbreak of Ebola since 2014, has largely affected remoteregions, where individuals lack knowledge on the disease. Incommunities where the disease is widespread, residents depict areluctance to change behaviors aimed at preventing furthertransmission of the virus. Sierra Leone is among developing nations,where the crisis is likely to progress unless the population changestheir behavior, which will in turn break transmission from thecommunity level. In response, ACF has brought together health workersto create a “Community Led Ebola Management and Eradication, CLEME”strategy (ACF International, 2015). The CLEME strategyinvolves health care educators interacting with community members,and performing exercises using visual to demonstrate how locals canprevent themselves from becoming infected with Ebola.

The strength of this behavior perspective is that because thestrategy is visual, it engages all members of community regardless oftheir literacy level. According to Borkowski et al (2011), successfulleadership mandates the capability to create and communicate anorganizational vision, which inspires and motivates others to attainthe vision. The use of visual engagement ensures that communitymembers feel empowered due to active engagement in the exercises, inturn instilling behavior changes that are likely to last forever,such as immediate isolating of people suspected of having Ebola, andavoiding any form of contact with suspect cases. Limitations arethat, most of the target regions are remote and hard to access forhealth workers involved in community education. Communityparticipation is crucial for the strategy to succeed, which is hardin quarantine situation.

The perspective relates to trait theory because it involvesmobilizing health workers that are capable of interacting with thecommunity members, and together they change the unhealthy behaviorsof locals (Derue et al, 2011). The perspective relates to the skillsapproach because the health workers involved in educating communitymembers about Ebola prevention have the relevant knowhow andcapabilities (Nahavaandi, 2014).


ACF International (2015). Trigger behavioral change tostrengthen community’s resilience to Ebola outbreaks, 1-3.Retrieved from %20to%20strengthen%20community.pdf

Borkowski, N., Deckard, G., Weber, M., Padron, L.A., &ampLuongo, S.(2011). Leadership development initiatives underlie individual andsystem performance in a US public healthcare delivery system,Leadership in Health Services, 24(4), 268–280.

Derue, D. S., Nahrgang, J. D., Wellman, N., &amp Humphrey, S. E.(2011). Trait and behavioral theories of leadership: an integrationand meta-analytic test of their relative validity. PersonnelPsychology, 64(1), 7–52.

Nahavandi, A. (2014). The art and science of leadership (7thed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.