Complimentary history

COMPLIMENTARY HISTORY 4

Question one

Communism and fascism both emerged past 1917 and they originated inEurope. These two totalitarian governments have various similaritiesand a number of differences. It is useful to note that thetotalitarian governments in Italy and Germany were driven by theharsh stipulations that came out of the Versailles in 1919. Communismhas been defined as a socioeconomic system that seeks to have a classless nation (Gregor, 2012). In communism, there is no rich or thepoor and the people are the owners of wealth and means of production.In other words, communism advocates for equitable distribution ofwealth across all the people without discrimination on the basis ofclass, gender or race (Gregor, 2012). Communism is dictated by a oneparty state and it is anti-democratic. It is a system that uses nomoney and there is no private ownership of property.

Fascism on the other hand a social political system that has oneleader who is a dictator. This is similar with communism (Gregor,2012). The system allows private ownership of property although thisis controlled by the state. The system is also anti-democratic likecommunism. It is however useful to state that the system is rife withracism and there are traditional gender roles unlike in communism(Gregor, 2012). This system has social classes which are aimed ateliminating chaos. It is clear that the two systems have somesimilarities in terms of structure and ideologies.

Communism registered the success of ensuring that there was no onewho was successful than the other and there was no discrimination.There was equality and people were proud since they owned the meansof production. However, communism forced people who worked hard toshare their wealth with other people who did not work as hard. Thisled to an imbalance and dissatisfaction amongst the people (Gregor,2012). People had no voice in both communism and fascism since bothsystems were undemocratic. Fascism had the success of allowing peopleto own private property and develop them. Fascism enabled Italy toregain and expand its territories. Nationalism was at the heart offascism and therefore people stood up for the state as one entity.People supported these movements since they were fighting for therights of the people. These systems, as mentioned earlier, developedafter the terms that were resolved at Versailles were unfavorable(Gregor, 2012). They were a form of revolutions against the westerncountries such as Britain and America. Some countries felt that theywere shortchanged by the allies and wanted their people to rallybehind them.

Question two

The Treaty of Versailles faced numerous challenges due to thehostile and unstable political, social and economic environment.Germany felt aggrieved by the peace agreement and this is the pointwhere the whole treat started failing. Germany failed to agree to thewar-guilt clause and it felt shortchanged by the other allies. Thetreaty was only seen as a short term measure to end the war but notto bring peace permanently (Boemeke et al., 2012). Britain and Franceheld differing opinions with regard to the way Germany should betreated. This was an indication that the treaty was to fail. Francethought that Germany would rise in the future against it andtherefore wanted Germany to be punished thoroughly. However, otherallies such as Britain saw Germany as an ally in trade which theywould engage in the future. This led to divisions and made itdifficult to have a lasting solution (Boemeke et al., 2012).

References

Boemeke, M. F., Feldman, G. D., &amp Glaser, E. (2012).&nbspTheTreaty of Versailles: A reassessment after 75 years.Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.

Gregor, A. (2012).&nbspTotalitarianism and Political Religion: AnIntellectual History. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.