Thereis an increased prevalence of teenage pregnancies in the modernworld. This is due to the high number of teenage girls who aregetting pregnant. There are many social and cultural factors that areassociated with teenage pregnancies. In many societies, pregnancybefore marriage is unacceptable and is considered a taboo (Arai,2009). These social and cultural factors have a negative impact onaccessibility and effectiveness of health promotion and preventionprograms. Due to their age, health promotion and prevention programshave a huge impact on the health of teenage mothers and their babies.This paper looks at the impacts of isolation and peer acceptable onthe effectiveness of health programs among teen mothers.
Dueto social and cultural factors, teen mothers and young mothers ingeneral are not accepted by their peers in the society. Majority ofthese young mothers get pregnant while in school. This results intorejection by their peers. However, peer relationship plays animportant in the development of an individual. Although young mothershave additional responsibilities since they are expected to take careof their mothers, they remain teenagers. However, due to social andcultural factors, there is a higher likelihood that this young motherwill be considered as a mother, rather than a teenager. As a result,the peers are less likely to accept her back after pregnancy. Thismakes it very hand for young mothers to have friends of their age.Studies indicate that his has an impact on social development of theyoung mothers. The social stigma and loss of friendship as a resultof rejection by their peers has a huge impact on their accessibilityto health care services (Arai, 2009). There are many instances whereteen mothers will shy away from health promotion and preventionprogram due to the impact of rejection. However, it is important tonote that while they are rejected by their peers, who are notpregnant, their accessibility to other pregnant mothers, who are morelikely to accept them, can have positive influence. According toHerrman (2008), close relationship between peers who are pregnant orparenting provides emotional and social support to young mothers.This increases the effectiveness of the health promotion andprevention programs such as prenatal and postnatal programs. Thus,although they are rejected by other peers, young mothers closerelationships with other young mothers have an impact on theirhealth.
Anothersocial and cultural factor that has an influence on effectiveness ofhealth programs targeting teenage mothers is isolation. Generally,teen mothers are faced with social isolation from all quartersresulting into loneliness. Majority of them will lack adequate familysupport and suffer from decline on social networks. Additionally,their abilities to gain new friends decrease significantly. Althoughall mothers suffer from the risk of social isolation, teen mothersare more likely to be isolated from the society compared to oldermothers. The isolation is associated with lack of social supportresulting into depression. Due to the struggle associated with socialisolation and the fact that a teen mother is less experienced, theeffectiveness of health care programs. The social isolation is one ofthe major cultural factors that limit the accessibility of healthcare services among teen mothers. In some cases, teen mothers arerejected by their families, boyfriends and immediate societies, whichimpacts on their access to healthcare services (Humenick, 2013).
Arai,L. (2009). Teenagepregnancy: the making and unmaking of a problem,Bristol, UK: Policy Press.
HerrmanJ. W. (2008). “Adolescent perceptions of teen births”. Journalof Obstetric, Gynecology and Neonatal Nursing,3: p 42-50.
Humenick,S. (2013). “Overcoming Isolation of the New Mother”. TheJournal of Perinatal Education,12(4): p iv–v.