Diabetes

DIABETES 5

describes a condition, which leads to an individual’s level ofblood sugar to be exceedingly high. Center for Disease Control (CDC)(2010) points out that in America is on the increase thenumber of patients affected with diabetes has increased from 5.6million to approximately 18.1 million within a period of ten yearsfrom 1998 to 2008. Besides, CDC has also reported that there is apopulation of about 7 million individuals that are undiagnosed. Thus,diabetes being a major concern in the United States, it is criticalto have a proper diagnostic tool for diabetes (CDC, 2010). Having aproper diagnostic tool is of immense importance because it can helpin forming a proper ground for controlling diabetes as well ashelping the patients to understand ways that they can use incontrolling diabetes. needs early intervention since it iscaused by an increase in the level of insulin or ineffective insulinlevel. In case diabetes does not become diagnosed early, it mayresult in the destruction of the body system since it would bedifficult to have the right interventions without timely diagnosis.However, in case of proper diagnostic tools, it would be feasible todiagnose diabetes early enough, which would imply that diabetespatients would become educated early enough how to cope up with thedisease and avoid destruction of the body systems.

Althoughthere are two types of diabetes type 2 and type 1, American Association (ADA) (2010) has pointed out that type 2 is the mostcommon form of diabetes. This form of diabetes results due to theinability of the body to synthesize sufficient insulin as well asbody cells failing to use insulin in the body in a proper manner.Nevertheless, it is critical to control both forms of diabetes.Therefore, laboratory testing is exceedingly critical for thediagnosis of the diabetes. New evidence-based research has pointedout A1c tests as the new diagnostic tool for diabetes.

Accordingto the article, Translatingthe A1C Assay in to Estimated Average Glucose Values,A1c test needs to be added as a means for the diagnosis of diabetesand the identification of pre-diabetes. According to the article, theA1c test has been recommended for long for measuring how wellindividuals are doing in keeping their blood sugar levels undercontrol. Current research on the evidence-based diagnostic tool hasindicated that, when physicians utilize the A1c test tool, they arecapable of having a clear knowledge of the glucose level of apatient. This new diagnostic tool has the capacity of averaging theglucose level of a patient based on a percentage system, andeliminates errors that can occur when Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG)test and Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) are used since these twotests require a patient to have an overnight fasting. The A1c test isof benefit since it does not require patients to do fasting prior tothe test. Therefore, with this test it is feasible to control theprevalence of diabetes in both children and adults.

Inthe evidence-based research, A1c-Derived Average Glucose (ADAG) studybecame conducted in order to establish the best average system thatis easy for practitioners and patients to understand. The chiefobjective of this study was to find out whether the A1c results maybe articulated in the same units utilized in the monitoring of dailylevels of glucose in patients. Thus, ADAG was critical inestablishing a mathematical equation, which can be utilized inconverting A1c results to average glucose estimates. Through trialsinvolving 507 patients, it was confirmed that A1c results can bearticulated as an average glucose estimated measure through amathematical equation. Besides, the study also helped in validatingthat there was an assumption that A1c results signify average glucoseestimates.

Theresults from the research indicate that A1c results have been madeeasy for clinicians to read in the diagnosis of diabetes. The studymade it feasible for clinicians to relay the A1c measures with thoseof the daily measures on the glucometer. This average glucosestandard measure will be of immense benefit since it will helppatients and clinicians in better comprehending measures of A1cglucose level. These are significant in necessitating interventionand control of diabetes in diabetic patients be it children oradults. This evidence- based diagnostic tool will aid in theidentification of a vast number of diabetic patients because patientswill be highly motivated to go for diabetes testing as they would notbe required to fast in order to go for diagnosis as it was requiredin other tests. Through utilizing the new evidence-based diagnostictool, it would be possible to have patients being tested for diabeteswithin the right time. This implies that it would be feasible to havethe right and timely interventions for patients diagnosed withdiabetes since diagnosis would be done early. Furthermore, this toolwould aid in reducing the diabetic patients since proper control andtreatment interventions would be considered.

References

American Association. (2010). Retrieved from www.diabetes.org.

Centerfor Disease Control. (2010). Retrieved from www.cdc.gov.

NathanDM, Kuenen J, Borg R, Zheng H, Schoenfeld D &amp Heine RJ(2008).Translating the A1C Assay in to Estimated Average GlucoseValues. care,31(8): 1473-1478.