DISCRIMINATION OF THE LGBT COMMUNITY 5
Discriminationof the LGBT Community
Discriminationof the LGBT Community
LGBTstands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender in full. Thissociety has been around as long as the history of human beings, buthas always been treated with a lot of discrimination by the majoritymainstream community. According to an e-book by Burns et al. (2012),America is made of approximately one million transgender or gaypeople. Some of these people work in state, local, or municipalgovernments and many more others are employed in the private as wellas public sector. They work as nurses, child-care providers, policeofficers, military personnel, librarians, and teachers. Despite thathowever, they live in fear of losing their jobs because of theirsexual orientation (Burns et al., 2012). As a result, most of thesepeople have lived in closets fearing to come out to the public oftheir sexual orientation.
Thistopic is of great interest because, as a free country, every citizenhas the right to enjoy a happy life without having fears. Members ofthe LGBT community deserve to live openly like any other citizen ofthe great nation of America. In addition, for the country to claim tobe the world’s perfect democracy, all minority groups including theLGBT community need to be recognized and protected. Theever-increasing civil unrest and lobbying carried out by the membersof the LGBT community has in the past, led to enactment of laws thatgrant more freedom to the group. Other nations in Europe such as theUK have also adopted laws that protect the LGBT community againstdiscrimination in all aspects of employment (Council of Europe,2011).
Thistopic has a lot of relevance to the study of society especially withthe recent changes in law where gay marriage has been legalized inall states. The reaction of the society against the LGBT communitycan be studied from this perspective too. Dynamics in societalattitude over time will become easier to study and understand.
Discriminationof Members of the LGBT Community in the Work Sector within the PeriodStarting from 1970s?
Reasonsfor choosing this research question
Despitethe LGBT Community being of great use to the functioning of thesociety, its members have continued to be harassed and treated badly.Studying how the discrimination of the LGBT community has beenhappening from the 70s until a few months ago when gay marriage waslegalized is important in comparing with how the situation is likelyto be in the future. Comparing the levels of discrimination over theyears is important in determining the impact of theantidiscrimination laws that have been passed over the years. A studyof the years within the stated time bracket will also help todetermine if laws in other countries especially countries in Europesuch as the UK, have had any effect on the levels of discriminationin the work sector. It is also important to understand which of thetwo work sectors is more hostile to the LGBT community. Today, about92% of members of the LGBT community state that the society hasbecome more accepting to them. They hope for more acceptance andtolerance in the future as they continue advocacy and interactionswith the non-LGBT community (Taylor,2013).
LGBT Employees in the Public and Private Work Sectors
HowSociological Perspective and Methodologies May Be Used To ExamineThis Research Question
Sociologicalperspectives and methodology may be used to examine:
Reactionof people to societal attitudes.
Burns,Graham, and Menefee-Libey. 2012. Gayand Transgender Discrimination in the Public Sector: Why It’s aProblem for State and Local Governments, Employees, and Taxpayers.Retrieved 17/7/2015 fromhttps://www.americanprogress.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/LGBTPublicSectorReport1.pdf
Councilof Europe. 2011. Discriminationon grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in Europe.
Taylor,P. (2013). Asurvey of LGBT Americans: attitudes, experiences and values inchanging times.Pew Research Center.