Economic Module ISS310 Paper

ECONOMIC MODULE ISS310 PAPER 9

EconomicModule ISS310 Paper

EconomicModule ISS310 Paper

ISS 310 Paper

ProjectSite P.J. Hoffmaster State Park, 6585 Lake Harbor

GeographicRegion: Hoffmaster State Park, Lake Michigan

1.Settlements/communities are often located at a particular sitebecause of the site`s industrial and/or resource potential. Forexample, many towns in the Appalachians were established where coaldeposits existed and thus, the coal industry thrived. Were there anypreexisting economic resources or advantages about your area thatcaused people to settle there?

Therewere pre-existing economic resources that influenced and influencethe settlement of people at HoffmasterState Park in Lake Michigan.One of the main influences is the availability of water from LakeMichigan, since the site is located at the shores of the lake.Secondly, the possibility of fishing at the lake influenced theeconomic advantages at the park. The other main pre-existing resourceis the sand and sand dunes that are full on the site and on theshores of Lake Michigan (Calvin,2015).This gave HoffmasterState Parkthe economic advantages that attracted people at the site.

2.In the past, what were the major economic activities of your site?INCLUDE a discussion of what resources were needed for theseindustries and also describe what physical characteristics of yoursite made it an appropriate place for these activities.

Theeconomic activities at HoffmasterState Park in the past were mining of sand at the site and the shoresof the lake. The main resource that was needed is the sand depositsat the site. The sand dunes at the site formed over time due to thedeposits of sand by the lake(Thompson,2015).Whilethe authorities later tried to discourage mining of sand so that thepark can form a good landscape, the practice was an economic activityin the past. The main physical characteristic that made itappropriate to mine sand is the availability of sand around the site.

3.Currently, what are the major economic activities of your site?INCLUDE a discussion of what resources are needed for theseindustries and also describe what physical characteristics of yoursite make it an appropriate place for these activities. For thisquestion, you should consider the infrastructure (roads, sewers,utilities) as a physical characteristic of the site.

Themajor economic activities at the site currently are tourism andrecreational hiking. The activities involve people visiting the siteto enjoy the nice serene environment, watch birds, and experience thesand dunes and the lake shores. People visit the site forrecreational or adventure purposes, as a good get away from work. Themain physical characteristics are hiking facilities that are set atthe site and the shores such facilities include stairs to the sanddunes and paths (State of Michigan, 2015). The site is also wellserved with roads that give proper transportation that makes the siteaccessible to visitors. The site also has the Gillette Visitor Centerthat encourages people to visit and learn more about the park, sanddunes and natural knowledge.

4.How does your site`s economic activity influence the development nearyour site (e.g. establishment of towns and advancement of thecommunity)? For this question, you should examine how site activitieshave influences beyond the site boundary.

Theeconomic activities have influenced the establishment of a bettertransport system to connect the path to the rest of Michigan. Betterroads are built to allow access to the site to the site, andcommunication infrastructure has been established at the site. Theseinfrastructural developments have influenced the residents of theplaces near the site. They have influenced businesses that have beenstarted near the site and on route to the site.

5.Describe your landscape site`s contribution to the regional economydoes it provide a unique economic contribution or the same as thesurrounding area?

Thesite has significant economic contribution to the regional economy.People who visit the site for tourism and recreational purposes spendmoney on the local businesses and create a good customer base. Forinstance, people who go to the site promote the regional hotelindustry by dining and lodging at the hotels near the park. Moreover,local retail businesses are positively influenced by the tourismactivities at the park.

6.Identify any trends in economic activity for your area. For example,has there been a shift from dependence primarily on natural resourceindustries or an emergence of more service industry in recent years?Has there been a balance between different types of economic activityin the area over time?

Thereis a change in the reliance on the sand dunes and the shore as themain source of attraction to the site. This has been marked by theestablishment of the Gillette Visitor Center at the park, whichfocuses on educational programs. At the center, visitors are engagedto learn about conservation and recreation. The center receivesfinancing from donations from people who have a passion for thepromotion of educational activities (Gillette Visitor Center, 2015).This makes the site a good place for education and conservationprograms.

7.What physical characteristics of the site constrained or limited yourlandscape site`s usage?

Whilethe site has advantageous physical characteristics, the park lacks awide range of wildlife. The only wildlife that the park is mostlycontained of birds, which offer serene environment. Anotherlimitation is the trouncing of the sand dunes by visitors and thehikers, thereby reducing their height and beauty.

8.What is the land value of your site or what are the land valueswithin your site? Compare the land value(s) of your site with thosefound in the region, state, nationally, or globally.

Theland values of the land are identified by the size and the economicvalue of the activities at the site. The land in the park isapproximately 1,100 acres, or around 4 km2in size. It is difficult to evaluate the exact value of the land inthe figures. This makes the value high as a prime land behind thelake shore. The facilities on the site also increase the value of theland. More importantly, the economic value of the activities at thesite increases the value of the land.

9.Identify, at least one positive externality, and describe itssignificance

Apositive externality of the land is the serenity and beauty of thesite to the environment and the people who visit the site. Theserenity and the beauty touch people and relax their minds by givinga cool environment to interact with nature. This attracts moretourists and gives the site and the region the economic value it has.

10.Identify, at least one negative externality, and describe itssignificance

Themain negative externality is the degradation of the site by thevisitors who come in the park. Most visitors interfere with thenatural setting of the sand dunes and other structures at the packthrough stepping on them. As a result, the site loses its serenityand beauty. However, the authorities of the park have measures meantto reduce the negative externality. In addition, there are guides atthe park who take visitors through.

11.Have the opportunity or constraints of your site changed over time?For example, while central Michigan had an abundance of white pines,thus an opportunity for timber industry, eventually, nearly all pineswere harvested and the resultant landscape had limited timber valueand the moved toward agricultural value.

Theopportunities at the park have changed over time. Previously, themain opportunity was hiking and observation of the sand dunes thatare characteristically significant at the park. However, the site isnow attracting tourists who have passion favor watching birds. Thereare a variety of birds in the forest formed from the sand deposits.In addition, the establishment of the Gillette Visitor Center hasopened more opportunity for educational and conservation programs.

12.Describe the political history of your site:

TheHoffmasterState Parkwas created in the 1960s to give recognition to James Hoffmaster(Gillette Visitor Center, 2015). However, the earliest history of theuse of Lake Michigan shores, including the site is in the early 800ADup to the 17th Century, the lake was inhabited by Hopewell Indiansand the Woodland Indians. Later, the lake was discovered by Europeannon-natives and became part of the transportation system and voyages.After the established of the site, it was named after P.J. Hoffmasterthe founder of the park. Similarly, the Gillette Visitor Center isnamed after Emma Genevieve Gillette, a scout who worked withHoffmaster.

13.Identify a local policy that has influenced how your landscape hasbeen or is being used. Local policies include city or townshipregulations/ordinances, local taxation policies and local buildingdisincentives/incentives:

Oneof the policies that have influenced the use of theHoffmaster State Parkis restricted over the stepping on the sand dunes. One of the reasonsthat the sand dunes have depreciated over time is because of beingstepped on by tourists and visitors. Therefore, the authorities ofthe park limit the walking distance by prohibiting stepping on thetop of the sand dunes. Therefore, they have set designated paths andstairs for visitors to follow while walking around the park (State ofMichigan, 2015).

14.Identify a state policy that has influenced how your landscape hasbeen or is being used. State policies include land subdivisionregulations land preservation programs, environmental policies:

Asa state park, HoffmasterState Parkis managed by the state of Michigan. Managed at the sub-divisionallevel, HoffmasterState Parkis influenced by the state policy of preserving recreational areas inMichigan. The policy influences the park positively to promotereservation of the site. The site is also influenced by a volunteerand stewardship policy at the state level, which allows volunteers todonate, preserve and maintain the park.

15.Identify a national policy that has influenced how your landscape hasbeen or is being used. National policies include environmentalpolicies such as the Clean Water Act a NEPA, national transportationpolicies, and federal housing programs:

TheClean Water Act is a national policy that influences the use of waterin America, by protecting water masses from pollution(EPA,2015).Theprotection of water applies in Lake Michigan, which is part of theHoffmasterState Park. In addition, the National Environmental Policy Act of1969 applies in the protection of the environment at the site (EPA,2015).

16.Describe a political process that influences how your landscape isused or managed?

StateLegislation is a political process that influences how the landscapeat HoffmasterState Park. The process starts with a motion to change the use of thelandscape or alter the activities of the park, as a state park. Thedebating of the motion by the legislative arm of the state ofMichigan is the next step, which comprehensively consults andexplores the results of the proposed policy. If the motion isapproved, the state of Michigan adopts it as the policy that appliesin all state parks or in the particular park targeted, such as theHoffmaster State Park.

References

Calvin,2015, LakeMichigan Coastal Dunes. RetrievedFrom,&lthttps://www.calvin.edu/academic/geology/coastaldunes/processes&gtJune 16, 2015

EPA,Laws,Regulations, Treaties: Laws.From,&lthttp://water.epa.gov/lawsregs/lawsguidance/cwa/wetlands/laws_index.cfm&gtJune 16, 2015

GilletteVisitor Center, 2015,BinderPark Zoo/Battle Creek.Retrieved From, &lthttp://www.gillettenature.org&gt June 16, 2015

Stateof Michigan, 2015, Michigandepartment of Natural Resources. P.J. Hoffmaster State Park.From,&lthttp://www.michigandnr.com/publications/pdfs/wildlife/viewingguide/slp/79Hoffmaster/index.htm&gtJune 16, 2015

Thompson,T.A. (2015).Afterthe Thaw – The Development of Lake Michigan.RetrievedFrom, &lthttp://igs.indiana.edu/FossilsAndTime/LakeMichigan.cfm&gtJune 16, 2015