EthicalStandards in Human Medical Research
Inmedical research involving human specimen, children are consideredthe most vulnerable groups. This is because the children are not in alegal position to provide a written consent. More so, the parents ofthe little children are desperate to get their children get well andwould allow medical practitioners to go to the extra extent of tryinganything to cure their babies. Premature babies have been used inmedical research without the proper consent from the parents.
Acase was the research carried out between 2004 and 2009 involving1300 premature babies (Sugarman,2012).The aim was to identify the ideal oxygen level to supplement to avoidthe death of the babies and avoid both damages of the brain andblindness (Holm,2006).This group of participants is vulnerable and can be easily misused bythe researchers for study not withstanding the lack of a writtenconsent by the person concerned. Acting in this manner is against therequirements of medical practitioner ethical standards and thegeneral guidelines of fairness (Hhs.gov,2015).
Clinicalnurses are required to maintain the privacy, integrity and observethe right of the patient. They are required to talk nicely topatients and be moderate in their dealing. Researchers` nurses, onthe other hand, are expected to be open to the intentions and alsomaintain the confidentiality of the research (website,2010).Nurse`s researcher`s deal with very few patients and the ethicalstandards are not so much in places to control the practice. Thenurses are also required to disclose in full details the extent towhich the risk of the research will expose the patient underresearch. It is a requirement in signing the consent form as providedin the ethical standards (Foster,2001).
(2010).Retrieved 24 June 2015, fromhttp://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/Policy-Advocacy/Positions-and-Resolutions/ANAPositionStatements/Position-Statements-Alphabetically/prtetcldv14444.html
Foster,C. (2001). Theethics of medical research on humans.New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hhs.gov,.(2015). IRBGuidebook: Chapter VI Special Classes of Subjects.Retrieved 24 June 2015, fromhttp://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/archive/irb/irb_chapter6.htm
Holm,S. (2006). The Law and Ethics of Medical Research: InternationalBioethics and Human Rights. JournalOf Medical Ethics,32(4),246-246. doi:10.1136/jme.2005.013326
Sugarman,J. (2012). Monitoring research with human subjects. JournalOf Medical Ethics,39(4),242-242. doi:10.1136/medethics-2012-101069