Ethics Paper


Geneticengineering is a deliberate change of life form characteristics bymanipulating the genetic material.The technique involves combining the genes from two deferent speciesto create a more superior organism (Parmalee18).Geneticengineering originated in 1973 when Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohenmanaged to transfer DNA from one organism to another. The aftermathof the discoveries enabled discovery of the double helix structure ofDNA. After the first successful creation of DNA organism, UnitedStates Supreme Court ruled that genetics could be patented (Parmalee9). Since then, scientists can successfully manipulate and change thegenes of different organisms. As such, somepeople support genetic engineering because it improves agricultureand medicine while others oppose it due to ethical and religiousreasons.

Thepositive opinions on genetic engineering are mainly based on improvedagriculture and medicine. In agriculture, genetic engineering hasenabled crop production in a shorter period. Besides, the geneticallymodified plants are highly resistant to diseases and pests (Parmalee29). It has also made it possible to grow crops in areas that wouldbe naturally unsuitable for crop farming. Furthermore, the plantscreated using the technique requires less chemical fertilizer toguarantee productivity. As a result, the improvements increase theoverall food production (Kristiansen, Taji and Reganold 131). Inmedicine, genetic engineering has led to immense prevention ofdiseases. First, it allows copying the required DNA from one organismto a host to create a vaccine. Thus, researchers are increasinglyusing this technique to manufacture various vaccines for diseasesprevention. Secondly, scientists are using gene therapy to treatdiseases by implementing new genes than can fix the weaknesses inother genes. Besides, it has helped fight diseases deadly to human,which has led to improved health security (Parmalee 30).Consequently, those who advocate genetic techniques claim that itensures healthy living styles. As a result, most developed countrieshave acknowledged genetic engineering and allowed its practice forfurther improvement mainly in agriculture and medical sectors.

Onthe other hand, ethicists have raised various concerns to opposegenetic engineering. Religious organizations refer to it as acondemnation given that the results of the practice differ from God’soriginal creation (Parmalee 37). They argue that mixing differentspecies of either animal or plant is morally wrong. Besides, theyclaim that the scientists are playing God by simply creating a newspecies through the combination of various genes from differentorganisms (Parmalee 39). As such, they argue that scientists shouldallow various changes to occur naturally instead of manipulating thefundamental aspects that define human beings. Others claim thatgenetic engineering will increase the basis of social inequalities.The society has gradually accepted genetic enhancements, but only thewealthy can afford such privileges. Thus, it creates a greaterinequality gap in the society. Additionally, there are otherarguments that genetically engineered food may pose some health risksto the consumers. Despite the significant advancements andachievements in the field, the process of creating geneticallymodified food crops is unpredictable. Hence, it can make the foodsthat were once safe to eat a risk to people especially those with aprevious history of allergies. Likewise, the modifications can causeexisting animal or plant genes to react in indefinite ways, which maychange an organism and reduce their nutritional values (Kristiansen,Taji and Reganold 133).

Evenso, I support the use of genetic engineering to improve agricultureand medicine. First, genetic engineering ensures food security andavailability of healthy measures to reduce the mortality rate.Second, it helps to eliminate the deadliest diseases, which increasessurvival chances for many people. Lastly, it facilitates thedevelopment of environmental friendly products that help promote agreener environment.

Inconclusion, genetic research has advanced considerably over the lastdecade to the point where it has become possible to try thetherapeutic genetic modification. Nevertheless, it is also one of themost controversial topics as some people view it as a way to improveseveral sectors while others dismiss it on moral grounds. Geneticengineering has enabled scientists to come up with improved crops,which are resistant to diseases and pests. As such, it reduces theneed to chemical products to increase yields. Additionally, it hasfacilitated the development of superior crops, which can survive inadverse climatic conditions. Nonetheless, some people perceive it tobe morally wrong. The use of genetic enhancement gives people achoice to select better traits. However, such medical procedures areexpensive making it available only to the wealthy. Hence, itincreases the issue of inequality between the rich and the poor inthe society. Moreover, they also argue that scientist take up God’srole as they try to create new species. All the same, I support theuse of genetic engineering since it is a better way of maintainingthe world’s natural resources through the creation of geneticallycombined plants and animals. I also believe that people should notallow their fear of change prevent them from exploring new fields ofscience especially if it offers better opportunities for social andmedical benefits. Therefore, the society should encourage scientiststo utilize genetic engineering for its positive benefits even as theytake cautious measures to improve its possible shortcomings.


Kristiansen,Paul, Acram Taji, and John P. Reganold. OrganicAgriculture: A Global Perspective.Collingwood, Vic: CSIRO Publishing, 2006. Print.

Parmalee,Thomas. GeneticEngineering.Edina, Minn: ABDO Pub, 2008. Internet resource.