Long-TermCorporal Punishment Effects on Children
a)Statement of problem
Corporalpunishment is the physical disciplinary measure on the children meantto guide them on the moral, emotional and physical development.According to Banda (2006), Discipline is the aspect of childdevelopment that is meant to guide the development of the moral,emotional and physical development. Physical corporal punishment maynot accomplish the disciplinary of a child especially at the youngerage but rather negatively impacts on the child development.
Corporalpunishment is characterized by the negative development of a child’sbrain with increased aggression, low intellectual achievement, poorquality relationship and mental problems. The research addresses thelong-term effects of corporal punishment and the ways to reduce theeffects of using this mode on punishment. According to Kang (2011),the research also suggests the use of alternative discipline methodsthat are beneficial to the psychological development of the child andlegislation of law against the use of corporal punishment onchildren.
b)Theory/ Literature review
Manystudies have ascertained that corporal punishment is meant fordiscipline purposes but turns to negatively affect children,especially at their young and psychological development stage. Fewerstudies consider corporal punishment as a suitable measure for childbehavior however in the resent study it is considered a traditionalmethod of discipline measure due to the effect it has on the childdevelopment. The negative impacts of corporal punishment make itineffective.
Accordingto Victoria (2011), some of the long-term effects of the corporalpunishment on children include the aggressive behavior modeling thataffects the relationship of the child with the society. Othernegative effects included in the resent studies are the poor mentaland psychological development of the children which affects theirunderstanding and brain development to cope with the studies atschool. According to Victoria (2011), “Worst of the effects are thecognitive effects that affect the brain development of the child”(p.74). The corporal punishment is also said to affect the relationshipbetween the children and the parents making it difficult to punish ordiscipline them at some stage especially if the corporal punishmentwas initiated at an early age.
c)Scope of Study and limitation
Theresearch is aimed at providing a lasting solution to betterdisciplinary measures for the children and their psychological andcognitive development. The research is also interested in outliningthe negative effects of corporal punishment on the children andensuring its extinction in the society.
Eradicationof corporal punishment use in the society for the children can onlybe eradicated through the cooperation of the governing institutions,education institutions, and the parents. Legislation of laws againstthe use of corporal punishment on children is among the first stepsof ensuring its eradication in the society.
Corporalpunishment’s long-term effects on the children topic are based onthe negative impacts of the punishment measures on the social andphysical development of the children at their developing stage.
Factorscontributing to the use of corporal punishment include the lack ofcivilization in the society among other contributing factors such asthe development level of the disciplinary and child developmentsector. The use of this type of punishment is embedded in ourcultural background. Despite the debate concerning the age to usethis method of punishment, it is evident that it affects thedevelopment of the child, thus, its abolishment in the institutionswould be the best idea in safeguarding the health of the children.
Measuresto avoid the use of corporal punishment involve the co-operation ofparents, teachers, and the child rights institutions. Legislation ofthe law governing the use of corporal punishment and awareness of itseffects on parents, teachers and children are some of the proposedsolutions against the use of this punishment method. Non-violentmeasures of punishment are also advised for disciplining purposes aswell as safeguarding the health of the children (Talwar, Stephanie,1452)
Manydeveloped countries have put up initiatives to safeguard and protectthe rights of children though a lot is yet to be done. Most of theplaces in the U.S have changed their policy making the process byinvolving the parents in making decisions about whether to use thecorporal method of punishment. This is in an effort to ensure thatthe development of children especially those below the age of ten issafeguarded for the benefit of their health. Changes have beenimplemented in the making of children affairs laws despite thecultural challenges.
b)Data Analysis and Presentation
Accordingto the recent reports as reported in various journals and reportscorporal punishments such as caning, slapping and pinching have beenreported to cause development changes in children growth. Accordingto the research finding, these children punished by the use of thismethod showed an effect in decline performance for the children. Theoffenses also proved not worth the corporal punishment consideringtheir effects. Some included forgetting simple rules such asforgetting a pencil, tearing a book and getting late to attend simplechores.
Thelong-term effects of this mode of punishment included poorperformance in academics at a great extent. The learning process ofthe child is affected since they cannot learn simple rules even witha word of mouth without inflicting pain on them. This encouragesviolence for the children trained through this form of learning evento the surrounding with their peers and makes it difficult for themto fit in the society at their older age.
Amongother long-term effects of corporal punishment is the effect on theircognitive development which affects their brain development.
Differentcases have been reported in different parts of the world concerningthe use of corporal punishment that has affected the society at adifferent level. Reports from different research reports alsoindicate that around 60% of parents believe that caning especially onthe palm is not very harmful to the children while 30% believe it isactually right to use a cane once in a while to discipline childrenagainst the 10% who oppose the use of any corporal form of punishment(Kang Lee, 3)
Indeveloped and developing countries, there are laws that support theuse of corporal punishment laws that support the parenting to includeuse of caning as a means of punishment since the parents havedominance over their children and by punishing their children theydiscipline them from turning to law offenders. The misguided opinionhere is that caning and other forms of corporal punishment such asstriking the palm and hitting on the head.
Accordingto Banda’s (232) research it is also estimated that around 40% ofthe world adults have expressed the effects of corporal punishmentsuch as physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse and childneglect at one point in their life. These effects have led the UnitedNations to put up laws against corporal punishment on its membercountries around the world under article 19 of the Convention on theRights of Children.
a)Concluding statement and analytical summary
Accordingto the above summary, it is quite evident that corporal punishmenthas more negative effects on children development and learningbehavior. It is strongly recommended that the use of other punishingmethods such as grounding the children and verbal lecture are bettersuited for the child punishment and development purposes as a form ofdisciplining the children.
b)Recommendations of the study
Accordingto statistics, it is evident that the world is not well educated onthe effects of the corporal punishment techniques hence recommendedfor improved civil education on the effects of corporal punishment.Despite the fact that corporal punishment is meant to teach thechildren the long term life lessons, the lack of the law system thatclearly dictates when the punishment is taken too far to become anabuse makes it better to avoid this type of punishment technique.
Thestudy also recommends the legislation of laws in all the nations,guiding the rights of children concerning the use of corporalpunishment and set up laws that clearly govern the welfare of thechildren in stating the levels in which corporal punishment turns toan abuse.
Itis finally recommendable to consider other better forms ofpunishments for the children as parents before the use of corporalpunishment considering their future relationships with their childrenand the health effects of corporal punishment on children.
BandaL. H. “Negativeeffects of corporal punishment on children.”Retrieved June 2015 (2006): 2015
KangLee "Corporalpunishment may have long-term negative effectson children`s intelligence." Universityof Toronto. ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 July 2011.
VictoriaTalwar, Stephanie M. Carlson. “Effectsof a Punitive Environment on Children`s Executive Functioning: ANatural Experiment.”Social Development, 26 July 2011.1467 9507.2011.