HEALTH CARE AND TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT 6
HealthCare and Technology Assessment
HealthCare and Technology Assessment
Technologyis an important element of modern health care provision andmanagement. With an increase in the number population being served bythe existing health care organizations, technology is a necessity inall aspects of health care system. This discussion will explore themost significant technology to have in the health care industry andthe basic technology underlying health care information systems. Thiswill be with a view to recommend an innovation and an action plan forthe community for health care improvement.
Themost significant new technology requirement for the health careindustry is the development and maintenance of electronic healthrecord. The technology behind the electronic health record is aimedat solving the requirement of availing medical records and healthinformation about patients’ health records (HealthIT, 2015).Electronic health record aims at availing patient information todoctors in hospitals so that they can be more informed in thediagnosis process. This will help them to make a more accuratediagnosis by considering the history of the patient before reachingto conclusions (Gartee,2011).The development of electronic health care systems integrates theseparate systems in hospitals that hold health records of patients(HealthIT, 2015).As a result, an integrated system gives a unified documentationplatform that allows doctors to access crucial health information.
Electronichealth records give a basis of developing the data-driven medicalpractice as doctors rely on past records to solve the present problemwith patients (Gartee,2011).In addition, electronic health records will help save lives,especially where diagnosis is limited due to emergency situationsthat limit doctor-patient interaction (HealthIT, 2015).For example, during accidents, and the patient cannot explainhistorical background, doctors can access his or her past healthconditions despite being treated in a different hospital. Thecentralization of health records does not only offer efficiency inaccessing patient information but also gives a basis for use as apopulation health tool for future health applications (Gartee,2011).
Healthcare providers should approach the use of electronic health recordstechnology with a lot of care and adherence to confidentiality andprivacy regulations. This is because health records of patients aresensitive, confidential information that should be treated with thehighest levels of confidentiality (Dearen, 2012). Using electronichealth record systems should be done only by the authorized personneland users in hospitals. The access to such systems should bethoroughly monitored in order to ensure that they abide by the law(Dearen, 2012). In addition, health care providers should conducttrainings and upgrades to their use of the electronic health recordsso that physicians and patients can get the best benefits of usingthe systems (Dearen, 2012).
Thebasic technology that underlies health care information system isstorage of health care records and facilitating their access whenneeded. The technology of keeping such records involves thetechnology that is used in the collection and classifying all thehealth care data in one integrated system. After diagnosis andtreatment of a patient in a health care facility, the resultantinformation should be stored and kept in a secure system which allowsits access when its need arises (Dearen, 2012). The use of suchhealth care information systems are based on the need to helpphysicians informed of the previous treatment of their patients aswell as their health history.
Oneof the main functions of health care systems is the promotion andfacilitation of communication. In a health care organizationalsetting, communication between the health care practitioners is atthe heart of the health care information systems as they seek tofacilitate their services (Wager et al, 2013).However, information and communication systems change with time astechnology advances in complexity. Therefore, there is a need fortechnological innovation and modification for continuous developmentof the information system. The health information system used by ahealth care provider should allow innovation so that itsfunctionality can keep abreast of the changing technologicalenvironment. This will promote the relevance of the system and makeit dependable to solve the changing health care needs.
Anappropriate technological innovation that can be recommended for theimprovement of overall health care levels in the community is mobilehealth. This innovation is implemented through a comprehensivetechnological program of mobile health applications that seek acloser interaction between doctors and patients, as well as patientswith health care facilities (Malvey& Slovensky, 2014).Physicians will use mobile health tools for accessing documentation,and reaching out to patients. This will introduce an advanced levelof diagnosis and treatment if advanced technologies and devices areused. Appropriate technologies that use wireless connectivity can beused alongside mobile health to collect and send patient informationto doctors (Malvey& Slovensky, 2014).This is enabled by the increased use of smart phones in the changingmobile technological space.
Agood example would be the use of mobile communication between thepatient and the doctors in a health care provider, in relation to anongoing treatment. A patient can make inquiries regarding the ongoingtreatment and give feedback on the response of the dosage provided bythe doctor (Malvey& Slovensky, 2014).At the same time, the doctor can direct the patient on theregulations of the treatment such as taking medication and recommendfurther dosage. Moreover, mobile health can allow the patients tobook appointments with a health care provider and select theirdoctors on days and time that they are available on a schedule thatis displayed on the hospital’s information systems.
However,such technological applications can only be used if the health careleadership takes decisive actions to embrace technology and implementthe advancements. To push the boundaries of information technologymanagement, the major action they should take is planning theapproach of implementing technology in health care facilities (Wageret al, 2013).The action of planning will involve assessment and evaluation of theneeds of the health care facility and the readiness of the healthcare practice. Once the goals and the needs of the hospital are incongruence with the benefits of the technology, health care leadersshould advance their planning to a strategy of acquiring such moderntechnology.
Atthe same time, the planning action should involve assessment oftechnical and financial readiness of the health care facility toemploy and sustain health care technology. This will ensure a smoothstrategy and implementation process, and sustainable use for the longterm (Wager et al, 2013).This advancement will be beneficial to both the hospital and thecommunity. The implementation of the health care system will improvethe general health care in the community by giving efficient servicesand effective treatment. In addition, technology will improve thelevels of public health in the community by facilitating awarenessand education of people. Moreover, the use of technology in healthcare will improve the monitoring of health situations like outbreaksby health care authorities. This will therefore promote preventivehealth care, which will lead to a healthier community.
Dearen,J. (2012). The rising risk ofelectronic medical records.Retrieved from<http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/pure-genius/the-rising-risk-of-electronic-medicalrecords/8293>18 July, 2015.
Gartee,R. (2011). ElectronicHealth Records: Understanding and Using Computerized Medical Records.New Jersy: Prentice Hall
HealthIT, 2015. ElectronicHealth Records: The Basics.RetrievedFrom,<http://www.healthit.gov/providers-professionals/faqs/what-electronic-health-record-ehr>18 July 2015
Malvey,D.M., & Slovensky, D.J. (2014). MHealth:Transforming Healthcare.Berlin: Springer
Wager,K., Lee, F. & Glaser, J. (2013).Health Care Information Systems: APractical Approach for Health CareManagement.New York: John Wiley & Sons