Historical Events in the United States


Historical Events inthe United States

Historysometimes may pass unnoticed. Information may not be enough to saywhat may have happened. Sometimes it is the exact opposite. A lot ofsources make it hard to separate what may have really happened or whothe person is from the fiction. The paper therefore attempts toanswer questions regarding history. These include information on JohnBrown and Pottawatomie Creek Massacre, the Harper’s Ferry, RobertE. Lee and the battle, Lincoln’s Gettysburg, and the America CivilWar.

  1. John Brown was an American abolitionist who strongly believed that armed insurrection to overthrow slavery institution in the United States was the only way. John Brown had an impact on the Pottawatomie Creek Massacre. On the night of 24th May, 1856, with his company that involved the Free Sates volunteers, John Brown massacred five men that had settled along Pottawatomie Creek in the South-Eastern Kansas (Smarsh, 2010). A the Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, which is currently known as West Virginia, the Abolitionist, John Brown, led a small group of individuals on a rampant raid on the federal armory. This was in an attempt to begin revolt by an armed slave and destruction of slavery institution. John Brown staged an armed revolt to seize the U.S arsenal at the Harpers Ferry.

John Brown carried out the Pottawatomie Massacre with the aim ofkilling Jams Doyle and William and Drury Doyle, his two sons. JohnBrown carried out the massacre during the night and the morning of25th May, 1856. His intention was carried out far beyondthe Mosquito Creek junction, and with the Pottawatomie (Dowdey,2012). Again, the main aim of the massacre in Pottawatomie was toensure the Free-state settlers are protected. This was done byterrorizing in a manner that was effectual to the settlers,pro-slavery men and non-settlers. In regard to Harper’s Ferry, JohnBrown’s main objective was to capture a cache of armory andweapons, which was stored in the United States. The ultimate goal wasthe destruction of a slave system put in place in the South. Thiscould allow Brown to establish a base in the nearby hills. At thetrial, John Brown was put on trial on three charges: Inciting slavesto rebel, murder, and treason against the Virginia. After the trial,John Brown was to be executed. He was put in jail while awaitingexecution. However, he continued to discourage the rescue efforts ofhim and instead, focused on pushing for the abolition of the crusade(Catton, 1961). It was levelled as a state trial, even though it wasa federal arsenal due to the insistence of the governor of Virginia,Henry Wise. The trial was a political move. It even resulted in anunusual and unfair judgement from the court, having been influencedby Virginia’s political system.

  1. Chancellorsville is considered the finest battle for General Robert E. Lee because he broke warfare’s central maxim to achieve what was regarded as one of his finest battle. Lee did this by meeting Thomas Stonewall, his trusted subordinate at the bivouac, which was in the woods. They came up with a bold action for the Civil War. It was considered his finest battle because he had almost 110 cannon and 30,000 men matching and fights against the Federal army (McPherson, 2007). Jackson “Stonewall” used a tactic in order to defeat the Federals at the battle. First, with his over 30,000 men that had been poised to counteract the Federal’s attack, one of their primary tactics was to target the Union 11th Corps that was at the time holding the Union’s far right position at the Chancellorsville. They silently matched until the distance between them was a mere hundred feet from the Federals’ position. They then released a full charge accompanied by cries (Dowdey, 2012). Many federals were then captured, without firing a shot.

John Hooker was the 2nd commander of the Potomac Armyhaving occupied the position consecutively. The problem with him wasthat he commanded two corps in a grand division, which resulted tohis men suffering serious losses. Again, the problem with him wasthat openly and conspired and criticized his Army of commanders.However, he lost the battle. This is because John Hooker ordered hisarmy back to cross River Rappahannock. The entire month saw adividing line between the Rappahannock and the two armies from bothends. In 1863, Lee with his army, moved towards the North andeventually crossed into Pennsylvania and Maryland. The lost in thebattle following evidences of growing untrustworthy in the Federalranks. This was after a poor performance at the Chancellorsville.John Hooker’s tenure, just like his predecessor’s, lasted onlyfor one major battle (Brown, 1889). Towards the end of the battle,John Hooker had started to complain, and the president at the time,Abraham Lincoln, accepted his resignation.

  1. The Gettysburg Address refers to Abraham Lincoln’s speech, regarded as the best ever known in the history of the U.S. The speech was delivered at the time of American Civil War. The speech was one of the country’s purposes. The speech emphasized on the principles of equality through Declaration of Independence. It also proclaimed Civil War as a struggle, which was a preservation surrendered by the Union through secession crisis (McGinty, 2009). The speech also emphasized on the new birth of freedom, which could bring total equality to every citizen in the United States. Abraham Lincoln, in his speech, redefined Civil War to be a struggle, and not just for the entire union, but again for the principle of equality in humans. Speaking to the North and the South, Lincoln talked of the two as a result of the Civil War. The United States having been formed as an experiment, the North and the South was not sure of its endurance. He therefore spoke indirectly cautioning them basing it on the Civil War against each other that what was at stake at the moment, was not about the money, lives, nor the government, but what the country was founded upon.

The renowned politician and orator, Edward Everett, was invited tospeak before Abraham Lincoln took the stage. As an afterthought,Abraham Lincoln was then invited to give the famed speech followingEdward Everett’s speech. Abraham Lincoln gave this speech followingthe clash between the Confederate and the Union in Gettysburg,Pennsylvania (Smarsh, 2010). The Gettysburg battle that halted theinvasion from the North became a major turning point in the war. Thespeech was given after the dust had settled. More than 7,600soldiers lay dead after the Civil War, and in turn, thebattleground’s small section was then made in honor of the dead.Abraham Lincoln’s address on Gettysburg was a political move.Lincoln desperately wanted to give a speech. It was an opportunity toimprove on Union’s effort on the war and an opportunity to solidifyhis political move in the Pennsylvania State.

  1. At the time of the American Civil War, America’s Confederate States consisted of 11 Southern states governments that had seceded in 1860-1861 from the Union. The Confederate States were tasked with handling the affairs of a different government, while at the same time, conducting a massive war. It was until the spring of 1866 that they were defeated. When the American Civil War began, having among them seven states seceding from the Union, there was firing on the Fort Sumter. Later, the Confederate states were joined by other four states. Their function was to preserve states, slavery’s, and the political liberty rights for the Whites. On the other hand, the United States Marine was tasked by the congress to improve its strengths to over 2,500 men in order to oversee the ships (Jones, 1992). They were also tasked with battle of the First Bull, Fort Fisher, and Charleston.

In conclusion, the two marines were located at the naval stations ofRichmond, Charleston, Charlotte, Wilmington, and the Savannah. Inaddition, and preferably the United States marines, they were locatedin the Fort Fisher, Drewrys, and the Pensacola (Lincoln, 2001). Bothmarines were used through deployment by their general confederateappointed by the president. Key battles the two marines have been inare the Civil War, which was across the United States’ majorStates.


Brown,J. (1889). Trial of John Brown: Its impartiality and decorumvindicated. U.S

Catton,B. (1961). The Centennial history of the Civil War. GardenCity, N.Y: Doubleday.

Dowdey, C. (2012). The Seven Days: The Emergence of Robert E. Leeand the Dawn of a Legend. New York: Constable &amp Robinson.

Jones,R. (1992). Harpers Ferry. Gretna, La: Pelican Pub. Co.

Lincoln,A. (2001). Lincoln`s Gettysburg address. Blacksburg, VA:Virginia Tech.

McGinty,B. (2009). John Brown`s trial. Cambridge, Mass: HarvardUniversity Press.

McPherson, J. M. (2007). This mighty scourge: Perspectives on theCivil War. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Smarsh, S. (2010). It happened in Kansas: Remarkable events thatshaped history. Guilford, Conn: Globe Pequot.