Running head: HUMAN POPULATION GROWS UP 1
HumanPopulation Grows Up
ArticleSummary Human Population Grows Up
ArticleHumanPopulation Grows Up‘ArticleSource/Date/Author:EbscoHost/2005/JoelE. Cohen
Important Points: List The Main Ideas, Concepts Or Key Points Point By Point
2005 is an important year in terms of human population, with essential changes in demographics
Before the year 2000, young people population outnumbered the old people, but from year 2000, old people population outnumbered the young
From the year 2003 and beyond, a typical medium woman will continue having few or no children, or just enough number for her lineage continuation
The period between 1965 and 1970 marked the highest human population growth rate, a record that will never be achieved, in turn 1960’s remains a key period of human population
The global population has been impacted by options by couples to have fewer numbers of children than before. Hence affected the global population growth rate.
Wars in the 14th century and plagues are some factors that reduced world population as well as growth rate.
In the next have a century, i.e. from 2005, the human population will be bigger or else, rapid but slowing growth.
Less economically developed nations will experience population growth while stable/developed economic nations will see their population drop. However, in the USA, there will be continued growth despite being a developed nation due to immigrations rate being high.
Currently, the world can support another 50% of the population there is today. However, the global population is trending towards beyond the human carrying capacity.
Increase in urban population to double the current number, while the rural population remains the same, there will pressure on agricultural land as more of the land will be converted to urban use, in turn more pressure will be exerted on the coastal water from the increased urban waste.
Increase in food production would be a positive aspect as urban people will be able to support their food demand. Adoption of technology in farming, and increase in rural agriculture production, there will be an increase in food production and support of rural agrarian population. However, continued use of chemical fertilizers to increase production of food, would put huge strains on the environment.
Urbanization aspect demands improved services such as sanitation to avoid infectious diseases. Urban life has both pros and cons. Urban settlement in one side weakens traditional networks, which are essential for family support.
By the year 2010, there will be an increase in the ration of old people (ages 65 and older). This means there will a slow increase in elderly dependency unlike the developed nation.
An Increase in the elderly population in the world will mean economic demand to support them. This will, however, depend on their health mostly.
Sustainability of the elder population will solely depend on aspects such as their health and the economic status of their countries.
Summarizing Author’s Main Point/ Ideas
Accordingto the author, the main focus of the article is on the worldpopulation as well as the transition in the aspect of human history.The article analyses the changes or the element of human growth bothin developed and developing nations. In addition to globalpopulation, the article also addresses the issue of how couples haveadopted the limited or control of the number of children they haveand raise (Cohen,2005).Moreover, the author has addressed the problems with changes inpopulation, highlighting the issue of sustainability for the youngand future human population. Finally, the author has attempted tolook into how many people can the earth accommodate and supportsafely
Reaction Paragraph To The Article
Humanpopulation has overtime gone through changes with the differencebetween developed and developing countries. It’s true that, theworld population is being affected by different factors such astechnology and the issue of urbanization which have all impacted orstrained the global environment. Moreover, the changes in populationtrend, such as the adoption of birth control, have limited the numberof children per couple. In addition, the issue of the increasedpopulation of the elderly in the community is true, which in turn hasimpacted the dependency ratio with the trend headed to more elderlypeople than younger people in the global population data (Cohen,2005).The global population growth will continue dropping, with somecountries expecting to record reducing the number of people. Howeverthe main difference is brought along by the economic stability of acountry with the less developed nations expected to experience highergrowth rate than the developed nations.
Relating The Article To Classwork
This article has addressed the issue of global population, which has been one of the main focuses we have covered in class, such as population growth trends.
The article has also talked about the impact of urbanization to both agriculture and the environment. This is covered in a topic on urbanization.
Population changes have led to advantages and disadvantages, as well as differences between developed and developing nations. What are the factors that contribute to the differences with reference to population trend? Can there be equality in terms of nation’s population trend?
Sustainability has become one of the sought after measures to ensure healthy living in the global world today. Why sustainability is crucial, how is it required, and how can sustainability be achieved?
Cohen,J. E. (2005). Human Population Grows Up. ScientificAmerican,293 (3), 48-55.