LATE ADULTHOODAND DEATH
LATEADULTHOOD AND DEATH
NAMEOF THE STUDENT
NAMEOF THE INSTITUTION
Lateadulthood and death
Lateadulthood is viewed as the physical and the rapid change of the bodyand the gradual decline in brain development. Persons at the lateadulthood tend to have an active life and they are happier than whenthey were early age moreover they values how they connect with theirfamilies and friends. They tend to speak more of their life eventspositively
Differentpeople age differently and this may be determined by the series ofdevelopment that one has learnt and attained throughout their lifefrom their childhood, middle age and old age. There are factors thatmay highly affect how one will age. Success and achievements can leadto happiness in the late adulthood whereas failure in life can leadto disapproval by the society thus unhappiness and a stressful oldage[ CITATION San07 l 1033 ].
Physicalchanges in adulthood have the following characteristics chronicdiseases, loss of height, problems with digestion, dental problems,and loss of stamina, hearing problems, wrinkles, sight problems, dryskin, poor immune system and vocal cords become weak. These factorsmight lead to death.
Oldage also comprises of developmental tasks that emerge from threedifferent sources. First, there is physical development this includeslearning how to walk. Second, socio-structural and cultural forces isanother development task that is based on culture, laws, rules. Thelast source involves personal values and these values emerge from theenvironmental factors such as occupational pathway.
Thereare other developmental tasks for the old age which include beingable to adjust to the deteriorating and their physical strength,being able to adjust to the retirement benefits and the reduction intheir income, share their experience and give advice to the youngergeneration, being able to adjust to a loss of a spouse, and alsodevelop a vision and how they view about death as they preparethemselves for the menacing future[ CITATION Rad09 l 1033 ].
Whyis the west afraid of old age and death? They are afraid of ageismand stereotype. Ageism is defined as the treatment of older adults ashelpless, weak, less productive and powerless. There have been quitea number on reviews from different fields documenting on negativetreatment of old adulthood in many different ways. Ageism origin caneither be cultural, psychological or economical.
Culturalemerges from the ancient times which consider old adults as inferior,they are weak and powerless. Fear to individual aging and deathaffects the elderly since youths are associated with energy, fast,fertile, strength and so on, whereas the old are associated withlower social status with fewer days to live, this is termed as thepsychological effects . Economically, the retirement benefits arenegatively accorded to the older adults. They are portrayed as fiscalburden in relation to their health, pension and social care costs.
Thereare different types of dimensions of ageism. They include Socialrelations and attitude, discrimination in employment anddiscrimination on the distribution of goods and services. In socialrelationship it refers to the attitude, actions and terms used todiminish the social status in reference chronological age. Itoperates from interpersonal to institutional[ CITATION Dam13 l 1033 ]. Age discrimination in employment is normally seen at the work placewhere the subordinates are mistreated based on their chronologicalage. It occurs at corporate and multinational companies. Agediscrimination on the distribution of goods and services is anothertype of dimension on ageism whereas services in areas such asinsurance, banks or even in health care are unfairly provided, theelderly are discriminated and they are forced to wait in thelongstanding.
Thefollowing are the measures against ageism. Provision of education onthe aging process and learn how to accept it as something normal andnatural. Let people know aging is not a curse but a blessing and byunderstanding it will be easy to combat the aging stereotypes andmyths. Teach on the concept of the life cycle to the children.Lastly, avoid the use of ageism language and jokes.
Thereare several ways that can used to individuals can promote health andwellness into late adulthood and mitigate the negative effects ofaging. Physical and mental fitness tends to improve the emotionalhealth while an active mind tends to enhance and encourage physicalhealth. Education should be provided to the late adults on theimportance of staying physically fit and mentally active.
Continuousassessment of the older adults should be done on regular basis. Thiswill help out in identifying the factors that lead to decline anddeterioration in aging thus being able to come up with measures onhow to improve their wellness. Examples of these factors includedepression, physical activities, and environmental factors.
Hypertensionis a disorder that tends to increase with age and overweight. Itcauses both stroke and coronary artery disease. Regular exercise,restriction on salt, and weight control reduce hypertension. Diabetesis also a major cause of death in the developed countries. It can becontrolled by use of drugs, proper diet and exercise.
Asone gets older they may not get the chance to interact and socializeas they used to do when they were young. Being socially active helpsmaintain interpersonal relationships that promotes physical andemotional health. Benefits of being socially active will help inreduction of blood pressure it will lead to the reduction forcardiovascular problems, reduce depression, and reduces the risk forthe mental health. Conversely, social isolation will lead to thefollowing risks high blood pressure, depression, mental healthproblems and greater risk of death.
Theold adults should maintain a high level of social interaction bykeeping in touch with family and friends, participate and volunteerin community activities, join a club or a class that does somethingthat you love, join fitness centers, have a busy schedule to avoidbeing alone and lonely, have regular visits to your grandchildren oreven regular visits in schools in order to absorb some energy fromthe young ones, phone calls, e-mail and snail mails will help instaying in touch with person.
Itis the desire of the old adults to be treated with dignity as theyapproach the end of their life. The elderly expected positive actionssuch as respect, love and care. Old adults are expected to makechoices ranging simple to the complex ones. These choices may bepractical, legal, spiritual, medical or even psychosocial in nature.Family will have to make choices on how to take care of the elderly,make legal decisions about the will, the elderly make choices on howto spend their limited time and energy, some may wish to confesstheir sins before they die and ask for forgiveness to those theywronged.
Fearof death is common as one nears the end of life and may wish toprolong their youthful life. Therefore, the elderly should not besegregated from their friends and families. Social support andrelationships will help them remain active thus they will be happyand as a result it will help in lengthening their life.
Culturaland persona attitudes helps in maintaining a sense of identity anddignity. It also helps in enhancing relationships and giving themeaning to one’s life thus being able to prepare for one death. Apositive attitude will help one age gracefully since they will beable to accept the fact that they are aging is a natural process thatpeople undergo and it is not despair where an elderly lives withdenial thus causing distress which will end up fastening their death.
Culturalattitude allows the elderly to participate in various activities inthe society. This will help them maintain interactions and besocially active thus enhancing their happiness and personalsatisfaction. Happiness and satisfaction are some of the measures ofdignity in a person’s life.
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