LAW ENFORCEMENT AND THE NEED FOR TECHNOLOGY 5
Technological advancement and the use of technology have and continueto become widespread. Technology is now used in all fields of humanactivity to enhance the output, collaboration and performance ofemployees. This includes law enforcement that needs technology toimprove effectiveness in crime prevention. Following theimplementation of DNA technology, programs for mapping crime, andadvanced communication systems among others, police officers arecapable of responding to crime more effectively. Hence, lawenforcement needs technology to deal with the challenge of curbingcrime, stop crime especially in high crime zone regions, apprehendcriminals at ease, match crimes to criminals and ensure the use ofcreative crime prevention approaches.
Need for Technology
As technology progresses to advance, so does the intricacy of crimebecause criminals as well use technology to aid in their illegalactivities. This means that law enforcement faces a more challengingtask of preventing crime. Technology pushes the work of law enforcersto new limits and to be able to put up, or remain ahead oflawbreakers, law enforcement needs to use technology (Conser,Paynich& Gingerich, 2013).As crime advances, crime prevention as well needs to advance at afaster rate. Technology makes it possible for law enforcers tocommunicate fast and react effectively to any new crime. Police areable to keep up with the pace of crime. Hence, the law enforcers arein a better position to deal with any criminal activity as soon as itemerges.
The systems used in various law enforcement agencies need technologyto stop crime. Improved technology as well as revamped programs andstructures make it possible for law enforcers communicate morepromptly with dispatchers in addition to different agenciesconcerning any wrongdoing that may be happening (Conser,Paynich& Gingerich, 2013).Following effective communication, police use enhanced systeminterface that comprises of more organized screens in patrol centersto get better visual on the area of crime. As a result, with bettervisual in addition to information concerning a crime, it becomespossible to set-up improved response and effective execution ofproblem solving approaches.
Over the years, developments in technology have made it possible forlaw enforcers to apprehend criminals at ease. An illustration is thetaser. The taser is a special device, which immobilizes a suspectcriminal through releasing electric shock (Conser,Paynich& Gingerich, 2013).Tasers are widespread in American law enforcement groups. Thetechnology makes it possible for police to arrest wrongdoers, whileat the same time avoid damage or death. For instance, without thetaser, an officer may be compelled to shoot at a suspect, which posesdanger to other innocent civilians close to the area of crime.Shooting the suspect may also result in death. Hence, law enforcersneed technology to easily apprehend criminals with as minimalcommotion as probable.
Law enforcers need to match crimes to criminals, which is possibleto achieve using technology like the DNA index system. This systemutilizes computer technology and DNA in combating offenses(Champions, 2007). Law enforcers have access to databases of DNA,which have been expanding over the years. By using the DNA databasesand computer technology, it is possible to retrieve criminal recordsthat may link offenders to new crimes. Law enforcers use technologyto search through masses of data and access the DNA correspondingprofiles of the offenders. Such technology has made it possible forlaw enforcers conducting crime investigations to access publicrecords faster, employ DNA matching, contrive genetic material fromsmall samples and have a greater capability to generate usefulresults. Additionally, it is possible to employ DNA technology inexonerating persons that may be suspects in a crime and save themfrom unjust punishment.
Law enforcement needs technology in ensuring crime preventiondevelops. For instance, the use of computer crime mapping has availedwidespread abilities to law enforcers in their capability tocomprehend demographics, tendency for wrongdoing in crime zoneregions, and manners of predicting crime (Champions, 2007). At thesame time, law enforcers use technology to come up with effectiveapproaches for preventing crime in specific crime zones. Crimemapping additionally eases communication between law enforcers andcivilians. Civilians are able to share with law enforcers theirsafety concerns, which make it easier for police to prevent crime asthey collaborate with civilians. Collaboration between law enforcersand civilians is specifically important because civilians are inbetter position to know criminals living within their locality. Italso facilitates communication between police and civilians on whattechnology they should use in crime prevention.
It is apparent that law enforcers need technology when dealing withcrimes. Technology avails extensive capabilities for law enforcers tobecome more effective in preventing crimes, stopping crimes andapprehending criminals. In addition, technological developments havemade it possible for law enforcers to access DNA evidence, whichmatches a criminal to a crime resulting in more closure on crimes.Most important is that police do not have to use force or theirfirearms at a crime scene because of technology like tasers thatimmobilize the criminal without posing danger to other people. Mostimportant is that technology is resulting in more effective crimeprevention approaches.
Champion, D. (2007). Crime prevention in America. Upper SaddleRiver: Pearson/ Prentice Hall.
Conser, J. A., Paynich, R., &Gingerich, T. (2013). Lawenforcement in the United States. Burlington,Mass: Jones & Bartlett Learning.