Leadership diary

Leadershipdiary

Leadership

Leadershipinvolves enabling groups of people to face the current situation andchallenges to achieve results that are directed towards theachievement of common goals and objectives. French and Ravindescribed leaderships to be all about responsibilities of creating apositive work culture characterized by a strong relationship with theworking colleagues, hard work, dedication and teamwork that aims atmobilizing human resource throughout the organization to adapt to thework environment. In general terms, leadership can also be said to bethe work of inspiring subordinates or followers to perform their dutycompetently and willingly (Coghlan&amp Brannick, 2000).Coghlan (2000) defines this as the act of influencing others todirect their abilities and efforts towards the achievement of the setgoals.

Toachieve the organizational perspectives, managers should seek toappoint the voluntary participants as the leaders of theorganization. Most philosophers have argued that leaders are nevermade, but they are born. I also strongly support this argumentbecause I have come to discover that it is one’s character traitthat makes him/her a leader. In connection with this argument, I havecarried out a study on the leadership of health workers in my ruralarea and developed a diary. For me to understand the aspect ofleadership transactions, I investigated majorly in five key elementsthat would have an impact on leadership and leadership style. Thediary was meant to examine my skills and capability as a leader byevaluating the level of my understand-ability in leadershiptransactions.

TheLeadership Diary

Asa researcher, I considered the major elements such as the experience,reactions, reflections and interpretations in attempt to understandthe leadership transactions. Findingswere collected through informal discussion with the selected sampleof rural health workers. The extract of the findings is recorded inthe in the diary extract shown below

Leadership Diary June 15th, 2015

Description

Experiences

Unsatisfactory working condition- it was my great concern to realize the rural health workers are never satisfied with the working condition in their environment. The nurses feel that their leaders have failed to provide a conducive working environment.

Reactions

There was a vigorous attempt to assess the level of work safety while the workers are performing their activities. According to Coghlan (2000), Working environment plays a key role in employees’ motivation. In rural health organization, most of the workers even feel that they are exposed to many health hazards since the institutions lack enough facilities to guarantee the workers of their safety.

Reflections&amp Interpretations

According to Coghlan (2000), The unfavorable working condition has been a major challenge to the leaders. Local workers are being encouraged to enroll themselves with reliable unions that will restore their attitude towards the job working conditions.

Coming to understand Leadership Transactions

As a leader, one should be assertive enough with the subordinates to cope up with the challenge of unsatisfactory working condition.

Framing within the leadership literature

According to Bass’s approach theory, leadership involves enabling people to face challenges with an aim of achieving appropriate results for a complex situation. The leader should have a decisive character trait that will help him or her in coming up with strategies that will help in building up a conducive work environment.

Leadership Diary June 16th, 2015

Description

Experiences

Resistant to change- I came to experience most rural nurses are never willing to adopt to any new working techniques, and they oppose any change in the system as much as they can.

Reactions

The workers were very unwilling to accept new tactics of doing work.

Reflections &amp Interpretations

According to Coghlan (2000), The resistance to change could be due to the great fear of the unknown that may result to low productivity.

Coming to understand Leadership Transactions

Workers resist the change in the organization because of the new requirements that come with the new system. Employees may dislike training and development for the new system since it may make them incur additional cost and consume much of their time.

Framing within the leadership literature

The study revealed that leadership may unfold and provide more potentially valuable opportunities for effective implementation of changes in the course of the intervention. The significant discussion and feedbacks revealed that most rural health workers dislike change, and they can do as much as they can afford to avoid it. This is as similar to the McGregor’s theory X. According to Coghlan David and Teresa Brannick, leaders can cope with the resistant to change by ensuring involvement of all stakeholders in various decision-making processes. Workers feel that they are part of the organization when they are requested for their ideas when it comes to critical decision making (Coghlan &amp Brannick, 2000). The most recommended leadership style for such a situation is the Democratic or the participative leadership. The leaders also need to have a persistent trait for them to ensure their emphasis on the implementation of the changes needed.

Leadership Diary June 17th, 2015

Description

Experiences

Ineffective reward system- rural nurses have a feeling that the reward system applied by the organization is not objective.

Reactions

Workers tend to be less productive especially when they perceive that the reward system in their organization is subjective. Most specifically, this discourages teamwork as the employees develop a negative attitude towards those rewarded and also those with the roles of rewarding.

Reflections &amp Interpretations

Coghlan (2000) defines Reward system as the process through which the organization creates an effort of recognizing the best performers within the organization. In the health industry, performance appraisal is conducted by those who don’t fully involve themselves with the employees in these rural areas and, therefore, they don’t have a direct observation of their performance. The reward system in such areas is therefore taken for granted as it is based mostly on subjective factors.

Coming to understand Leadership Transactions

Leaders should develop an effective reward system that will help to avoid biases in the reward system the workers will strive to attain recognition hence improving their productivity.

Framing within the leadership literature

Many theorists argue that the reward system is most relevant to the overall productivity of the employees while undertaking their activities. According to Pearson-based reward system theory, an effective leadership style allows the supervisors and the subordinates to develop an appropriate plan for improvement of the firm’s reward system.

Leadership Diary June 18th, 2015

Description

Experiences

Lack of effective communication system- I also noted that the organization lacked formal communication. There was also a poor flow of communication from low level management to top level management.

Reactions

Communication is the most important aspect for the success of any organization. Due to the lack of effective communication process, health workers in the rural areas seemed to be disunited.

Reflections &amp Interpretations

Communication being a vital tool of management, it has a great impact on the performance of the organization at large.

Coming to understand Leadership Transactions

For a successful organization, communication should move upward and downward in the management hierarchy. That is, information from low-level management or the operational level should efficiently reach those in top management level and vice versa.

Framing within the leadership literature

The term communication, as explained by Tylor, is used to means the transformation of ideas from the sender to the receiver. It, therefore, implies that the ideas are brought to our attention through an interactive relationship between the leaders and the subordinates. In my research with health workers, I came to understand that most of their ideas are highly neglected and also the communication upward is most of the times difficult.

Leadership Diary June 19th, 2015

Description

Experiences

Lack of clarity on roles and authority. This was as evident due to overlapping duties among the nurses and their leaders.

Reactions

In some cases, the workers could not understand their authorities or even the roles delegated to them.

Reflections &amp Interpretations

One of the major hindrances to the execution of powers by leaders to their duties is the overlapping of powers.

Coming to understand Leadership Transactions

The rural health organizations have failed to specify on the immediate reporting boss to the subordinates and this has created the lack of clarity on their roles and duties.

Framing within the leadership literature

Organizations need to come up with effective structures that pre-define the roles and duties of each and every member of the organization. In his theory, Fiedler developed a contingent situational approach that leaders should follow in setting a relationship style and the favourableness of the current situation.

References

CoghlanD. &amp Brannick T. (2000).Leadership, London:Sage, ISBN.