Lecturer

ParentCreates Narcissism Child

Twengeand Campbell have critically analyzed the concept of narcissism andin the process they have provided an evidence of what they came toterm as the relentless rise of the narcissism in our present culture,in their book, TheNarcissism Epidemic(Twenge and Campbell, n.p). In the process, they were able toidentify the social trends that have been argued to be the reasonsfor this problem. In the chapter that is entitled, Raising Royalty,these two authors tends to point to what may be referred to as theparenting culture, which has fueled narcissism epidemic. To back uptheir claims, Twenge and Campbell developed an empirical data. Twengeand Campbell found out that most of the children with narcissism havea heap of self-esteem. It is important to note that narcissism is allabout that particular excessive self-love that is given to a child.The narcissism has common traits, including the vanity they lackconsideration for others and materialism. The paper will attempt tofocus on narcissism epidemic and whether it is created by theparents. Therefore, the essay seeks to analyze how the childrenbecome narcissistic in the society and various approaches that onecan use to prevent it.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis will involve the parents who are seen to be overvaluing their children more than what is recommended. It is evidentthat most of the parents tend to overvalue children too much makingthe children think they are better than others are. There are certainthings that parents need to do to prevent narcissism from happening.For instance, the parent needs to say no to their children and meanit. However, in the situation where a parent says no but gives inwhen the child whines and scream, then it would imply that whiningand screaming are a perfect and effective tool. The parents arefurther advised to be cautious and to think critically before buyingsomething for their children, which may in the event announce howgreat the child is (Brown, n.p). The culture is accepting thenarcissistic behavior, which in the eyes of many may seem good untilthe same turns out to be obnoxious.

IntroductionMaterial

Thisnarcissism epidemic has turned out to be pervasive, especially in theAmerican culture, such that they tend to threaten transforming thewhole nation into egomaniacs nation. The problem is prevalent amongthe young college women, for instance, the issue of plastic surgery.It is a good thing for an individual to develop a feeling ofself-worth, but when this develops into narcissism, it becomes anissue of concern. This is because it will turn out to be toxic to therest of the members of the society. Narcissism has not enabled theyoung children to succeed in anything, and this may not change in thefuture. Worst still is that narcissistic overconfidence has led tothe present economic crisis that is experienced in the society sincethe great depression. Further, research has shown that thenarcissistic children tend to engage themselves in impulsivebehaviors that in most cases provide several short-term rewards forthem but a long-term cost. For instance, narcissism can result in apositive illusion concerning the academic outcome of an individual,but this in the process will be associated with an increased academicdisengagement rate (Champion, n.p).

Causes

Peopleare not born narcissists, but their parents push most of them intobecoming narcissists, and this is through overvaluing them. It isgood and healthy for a parent to love his or her child, but theproblem comes in when the parents start thinking that their child isfar much better than the rest of the children. The NarcissismEpidemic attempts to trace in in-depth the cause of narcissism amongchildren. Firstly, the changes in the parenting styles are one of thecauses of narcissism. This is a situation where the parents only wantthe approval of their kids instead of the same children striving fortheir parent’s approval.

Secondly,celebrities are the other cause of narcissism. Theses celebrities areconsidered famous because they are famous and, as a result, affectthe behavior of the child into becoming a narcissist. Thirdly, themedia have played a role in transmitting the celebrity’sself-absorbed charter. The mobile phones used to deliver every detailof a celebrity. However, what people fail to understand is that thesecelebrities are different when they are in their private life.Celebrity Narcissism is a major problem, particularly among the youngchildren, who learn by imitating and a result, become a narcissist.Easy consumer credit is another cause of narcissism, but this is notthat much serious as it may sound. According to Robinson and Victoria(n.p), the internet has been used by the younger children to promotethemselves and to broadcast what may be referred to as their life’sminutiae on Facebook and Twitter.

Symptoms

TakingA Lot of Children’s Photo

Theparent will be seen taking many photos of his or her child. Theconsequence of vanity is that the child will feel superior and valuedthan the rest of the children. The results of giving the childmaterial result will make the child, consider himself as valuablethan the rest of the members of the society. To some extend the childwould become materialistic as he or she demands the photos to betaken in a different expensive clothes. The product fantasy principlethat will develop when the child becomes over-confidence will affecthis or her academic performance because he or she will have theoverconfidence to perform better hence tempted to stop studying. Theconsequence of winning at all cost will make the child developoverconfidence that may end up ruining his or her academicperformance (Robinson and Victoria, n.p). There is the need todevelop and implement suitable reforms specifically on the parentingstyles, social life, media, and education. Ogrodniczuk John anauthor of the article, “Understanding and Treating PathologicalNarcissism “ commented that, “better understanding and treatmentof pathological narcissism is often intended to offer a clearoverview of some of the important issues that relates to thetreatment of psychotherapy in patients, with the condition considereddebilitating” (Par. 1).

Thereal antidote that was suggested by Twenge and Campbell for the cureof vanity is the virtue of humility. This symptom is like a fish trapas in the short run, the child will feel like a king and valued bythe parents unlike the rest of the children. The fish trapconsequences of the symptom of narcissism are that, in the end, thechild will lack communal relationship, as they will not be in aposition to make any constructive and lasting relationship. Thechild’s poor performance at school as a result of the self overconfidence will be transferred to the society as he or she may not beable to get employment hence getting involved in illegal acts such asdrug trafficking.

GettingExpensive Items for the Child

Buyingthe children, the expensive gift is another symptom of narcissism.The consequences of vanity are that the parents get involved inpurchasing the most expensive clothes for their children making themfeel more valuable. The children suffering from narcissism tend tothink and believe that they are awesome as a result of the mostexpensive. Therefore, they will never feel insecure deep down sincethey believe that they are capable of accomplishing anything and anytask that is presented to them. The result of giving the childmaterial result will affect the child, as he or she will turn out tobe materialistic (Wayment and Jack, n.p). Kleefeld Carla with a Doctoratein Clinical Depth Psychology from Pacifica, the author of the book,“ThePsychopathology of Affluence.” commented that, “despitestereotypes on the low self-esteem, wealthy, depression, reducedfrustration, sociopath, and suicide, although these wealthy parentswill have the necessary resources to be with the children, what willbe repeated is the parental neglect, work preference, superficialcommunication, and leisure activities over rearing of their children”(Par. 1).

Theconsequences of winning at all cost are that the child will developinto becoming a spendthrift at adulthood and childhood, he or shewill look upon the rest of the children who are unable to afford theluxury products. The fish trap consequences of the symptom ofnarcissism are that at present, the child will be in a position toacquire that he may need and develop a self over confidence. Thechild will feel more important than other hence will make nocompanionships in the long-run. The child in the future will bematerialistic and would be tempted to be spending extravagantly inthe society. He may get involved in the illegal business to financehis costly life.

Inexplaining the relationship between narcissism and psychoanalysis,Robinson and Victoria, authors of the article,“UnderstandingNarcissism in Clinical Practice” stated that, “narcissism isviewed to contribute mostly on psychoanalysis “(par. 1).

HelicopterParenting

Theparents getting involved in the helicopter parenting is anothersymptom of narcissism. The consequence of vanity in helicopterparenting will hurt the kids despite the fact that the children areshown support, care, and love. In most occasions, these children areless engaged in schools. For instance, the parents of a child willget involved into over-involvement habits on the issues affectingtheir children such as solving a child’s problem. Additionally, theparents will also make the critical decision on their own. Narcissismin not just being healthy, but is an antisocial behavior that a childdevelops in the society. The narcissistic child will develop thebehavior of selfishness. Explaining how to get over the narcissisticparents, Brown, a professorand eminent scholar in the Educational Leadership and CounselingDepartment at Old Dominion, says, “Self-absorbedchildren present apparent narcissism definitions and personalitydisorder, which help in the identification, especially with theextent of the parents’ problems” (par. 1).

Forinstance, the behavior might allow individual gain greater rewards inthe short run, but, in the long-run, the child will suffer, as thiswill hurt his or her relationships. The companionship developed wouldhave been destroyed and turned into hostility. Narcissism is notregarded just as a child’s self-esteem, but the child will lacksany form of caring. The children suffering from the epidemic ofnarcissism tend to lack any form of the caring element to the rest ofthe members. The fantasy principle is ought to affirm the centralityof the child`s imagination. When the child is not in a position tomake his or her decision, then there would be a challenge in thelong-run as the child will not be able to explore or even exercisehis or her imagination. The consequences of the child winning at allcost are that the child will never be able to solve his or herproblems adequately without parent’s assistance.

Thiswill further affect the level of the child performance at the schoolsince the parents is always solving all the issues facing him. Hence,he will lack the critical thinking ability necessary to solve theproblem at adulthood. The fish trap consequences of the symptom ofnarcissism are that at present, he or she will be able to livehappily since the parents solve most of the problems. In thelong-run, this child may not be able to make personal decisionsconcerning his life learning to a life full of misery. The child willnot be able to contribute towards decision making on mattersaffecting the community. In most cases, he will be caught involved inillegal acts as a result of lack of direction he used to get from theparent.

BuyingBaby Einstein-Like Product

Buyingbaby Einstein-like product, including toys and a range of multimediaproducts for the purposes of interactive activities is symptomsnarcissism. The parents buy expensive baby Einstein only becausetheir child love the products, and this keeps them busy all daydenying them an opportunity to associate with the rest of the membersof the children. According to Schippell (n.p), the consequence ifvanity is that, these products hurt the babies as they becomeantisocial and do not understand how to make new friends in thesociety. An individual develops what may be regarded as an inflatedview of self and further develops an absence of any primaryconnection to others. It has been argued that narcissism is not justa vanity and this because the individual children who are afflictedwith the epidemic are also materialistic.

Thesechildren are very hostile and aggressive, especially when they getinto friction with another child or insulted. Any form of emotionalcloseness that is directed towards them is not received warmly, andthey end up rejecting companionship and their social life. Theconsequences of the child winning at all cost will make the childantisocial in the long-run, and he or she will not be able to makeconstructive socialization with members of the society. The fish trapconsequences of the symptom of narcissism in the short run will givethe entire child time to be on his own and enjoy playing with theEinstein-like product. According to Ogrodniczuk (n.p), a child willspend most of the time glued to the television or playing with his orher electronic toys. In the long-run, the narcissistic child will notbe able to develop a deep primary socialization or to create afriendship with other children. This antisocial behavior may followthe child into adulthood where he or she may fail to create aconstructive companionship. Champion David, explaining the sexualaggression side of children when growing up a scholar of the book,“Narcissism and Entitlement” argues, “Children, especially theboys, may have heightened levels of depression, tendencies to commita crime, and unrealistic view of self” (par. 2). The child in thefuture will not be able to form constructive relationships with themembers of the society hence leading a lonely life.

Creatinga General Permissive Attitude towards Whatever the Child Wishes To Do

Thisoccurs where the parents develop particular attitudes and permitsgive in to a request made by the child irrespective of theconsequences that may result. The consequences of vanity are that thechild will develop a habit of whining or crying for her or hisrequest is fulfilled. According to Kleefeld (n.p), giving thisparticular child material result will make him or her materialisticand will be tempted to overspend and misuse the least amount of cashor items given to him. The fantasy principle here would imply thatthe child would become imaginative to find a proper reason on why theparent should submit to the request.

Theconsequences of the child winning at all cost can be disastrous, asthe child will develop into becoming a whining child or crying babyfor the parents to give in to their request. The long-run effect willaffect the future of the child as he or she will become overlydependent on the parents. The fish trap consequences of the symptomof narcissism in the short run are that the child will be able toconvince the parent and in the process enjoy all the goodies he orshe may need. This will make the child feel superior to another andin the process, develop a sense of self over confidence. In thelong-run, the overconfidence developments may affect the child’sperformance in school as one may be tempted to believe he will passand fail studying with the seriousness it deserves. Explainingvarious roles of narcissism, attention biases and the self-esteem,Schippell Pamela a PHDholder practicing Psychologist in Rochester, says, “Aggressionis associated with narcissism and inflated self-esteem, which drawsconsistency with Baumeister’s theory of quiet egotism” (Par. 1).Further, the child, in the long-run, may turn out to be overlydepended on others and fail to cater for his or her expensive life ofbeing given everything by the parents. The society will be affectedby this behavior in the long-run as they will have to be provided forthe individual who would have turned out to over depend on societymembers and whining so much to get what he or she wants.

Prognosis

Ifin the future the society continues raising the children withnarcissism, then the society will be full of antisocial bullies whowill be busy bolstering their egos. There would be no peace andsocial relationship within the society since no companionship wouldbe developed. The society would be full of members who care for theirinterest, personal love and only take parts of those activities thatwould benefit them. The church in the future will fail to model apositive altruism that will be forced on caring for the neighbor atthe expense of your personal interest. Drastic measures have to betaken to deal with the epidemic before it is too late. The earlytreatment of the epidemic may not be successful since the behaviorstarts from childhood, and the parent of a particular child initiatesthis on most occasions. It is advisable that immediately the problemis spotted, measures should be put in place to fight it to havesocial members of the society living in peace.

Recommendations

Thereis the need to teach the children that self-control is more importantthan having a self-esteem as this will enable them develop into awell-rounded individual free from narcissism epidemic.

Letthe children know that their mom and dad are not simply theirfriends, but they are their parents to avoid any possibility ofparents developing narcissism in their children.

Thereis the need for the parents to be taught how to make use ofhypodermic affection, and this should be aimed at teaching them theway to earn exactly what they want.

Conclusion

Twengeand Campbell have been successful in their analysis and diagnosis ofthe narcissism epidemic. The paper has analyzed how the childrenbecome narcissistic in the society and various approaches that can beused to prevent it. Parents play a huge role in making their childrendevelop into narcissistic children. For instance, this is possible bybuying them expensive clothes, overvaluing them more than the rest ofthe children and taking photos of them that makes them feel superiorto other children. The symptom of getting a child expensive item hasa materialism facet and the consequence of this is that the kid willalways be unsatisfied and depressed. The parents who take many photosof their kids can be argued to be a vanity facet and this has aconsequence where the kid cannot make his own decision.

Onthe other hand, a helicopter parent has a fantasy principle and theconsequence of this is that the kid will perform poorly at school andhe may not cope up well with the real life situation. Buying a kidbaby Einstein product having a facet of winning at all time will havea consequence where the kid would be very determined and veryantisocial. Lastly, permissive attitude towards what a child wishesto do and having a fish trap facet will have the consequence wherethe child will lack impulse control, he will perform poorly at schooland may get involved in drugs. The research carried out was basedspecifically on the vanity, material result, the principle of productfantasy, winning cost consequences and fish trap consequences.Additionally, the essay has focused on several questions that relateto the primary research questions. It is argued that narcissismaffects the life of the child both in the short run and in thelong-run. To prevent these problems, the parents need to teach theirchildren the importance of self-control. Additionally, the parentsshould create a boundary between being a friend and a parent to thechildren and should be able to say no and mean it on their childrendemand. This will be beneficial, as the society will grow without therisk of the narcissism epidemic.

WorksCited

Brown,Nina W. Children of the Self-Absorbed: A Grown-Up`s Guide to GettingOver Narcissistic Parents. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications,2008. Print.

Champion,David R. Narcissism, and Entitlement: Sexual Aggression and theCollege Male. New York: LFB Scholarly Pub. LLC, 2003. Internetresource.

Kleefeld,Carla. The Psychopathology of Affluence. Carpinteria, Calif: PacificaGraduate Institute, 2000. Print.

Ogrodniczuk,John S. Understanding and Treating Pathological Narcissism.Washington, D.C: American Psychological Association, 2013. Print.Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pubs/books/4317297.aspx?tab=2

Robinson,Hazel, and Victoria G. Fuller. Understanding Narcissism in ClinicalPractice. London: Karnac, 2004. Internet resource.

Schippell,Pamela L. The Role of Narcissism, Self-Esteem and Attentional Biasesin Childhood Reactive and Proactive Aggression. , 2001. Print.

Twenge,Jean M, and W K. Campbell. The Narcissism Epidemic: Living in the Ageof Entitlement. New York: Free Press, 2009. Print.

Wayment,Heidi A, and Jack J. Bauer. Transcending Self-Interest: PsychologicalExplorations of the Quiet Ego. Washington, DC: American PsychologicalAssociation, 2008. Retrieved fromhttp://www.apa.org/pubs/books/4317153.aspx

Lecturer

Insert surname 5

How humans are changed by the things they encounter beyond the earthin the novel “The princess of Mars”

Depictions of human responses by the author

The author of the fiction novel, Edgar Rice, illustrates variousways through which the earthly characters in the novel respond to thestrange things that they encounter at Mars. The author of the novelhas depicted various ways through which the humans in the novelrespond to the things they see beyond the world. The author seeks toconvince the readers that the responses of the humans to the thingsthey see are justified. In other words, the responses are supposed tobe aligned with the nature of life and people they find in Mars. Theauthor depicts the responses by the humans in the novel as realisticand some are obnoxious. It is clear from the reading that isconvincing to imagine that the detainees in Mars are seeking ways toescape (Burroughs 1). This is a clear manifestation that thedetainees are uncomfortable with the situation and the treatment theyare being accorded by the strange green creatures. They ultimatelymanage to escape from the enslavement by the green Martians.

The novel’s main character, John Carter is in an adventure to theMars and is changed immensely by the things that he encounter atMars. It is clear from the reading that there are numerous strangethings including people such as the green and the red Martians(Burroughs 1). Carter is forced to change and behave as the Martiansdo otherwise he would have been killed or punished. One of thechanges that Carter encounters when he finds himself in Mars is theability to jump up very high. This is attributed to the lack ofsufficient gravity in Mars. Carter is also able to jump backwards toa distance of 100ft when he is approached by the green, weird lookinggreen Martians armed with spears and swords. Normally, the Martianswould have killed Crater but instead they captured him. This isanother change that can be seen in this instance. Carter is changedby the foreign land into a prisoner (Burroughs 1).

Another imminent change that Carter demonstrates if lack of fear forthe weird looking creatures. It is evident from the fiction storythat when Carter is captured and taken to the underground dry seabed, he punches one of the green creatures who insults him and to hissurprise, he is applauded by the rest of the creatures. It would beexpected that Carter would fear the large green Martians but hedemonstrated immense courage and brevity to face the creatures. Thisresponse, as depicted by the author of the novel is strange andunconvincing. It would have been more convincing if Carter hadretreated after being insulted since this would have shown howfrightened he was to be a prisoner in a strange place beyond theearth (Burroughs 1).

Carter is depicted as being astonished by the various things that hesees in Mars. The author clearly states that Carter is pondering overthe various aspects such as the sudden fall of dark in Mars, the bigtree that he discovered is the source of food and drink in Mars andthe strange ape-like creature that was left as the watchdog to lookafter him at night (Burroughs 1). This is humanly response to thestrange things that Carter was seeing in Mars. The author, throughasserting that Carter was astonished by what he was seeing is a clearmanifestation that indeed carter was human and such a response to theanomalies was expected. The things that the author has described tobe in Mars are strange to the human beings and therefore any humanbeing would be worried.

It is strange how John Carter was protecting the watchdog from theape-like animal. The author asserts that Carter was loyal to thewatchdog which raises a few questions. To start with, Carter wastrying to elude the dog and run away when he falls to the hands ofthe ape-like creature (Burroughs 1). When the watchdog is overpoweredby the ape-like creature, Carter uses his skills from the earth andkills the two ape-like creatures. He is applauded by the greenMartians who were amazed by his skills. The response by Carter inthis instance is astonishing. It would be expected that Carter wouldhave used the chance when the two were fighting and escape. However,the author asserts that Carter had changed and felt a sense ofroyalty to the watchdog (Burroughs 1). The author failed to convincethe audience that a human’s response would have gone to thisextent.

John Carter gets interested in learning the language of the greenMartians. The author asserts that Carter learnt the language togetherwith a young Martian under the tutelage of Sola (Burroughs 1). Thisresponse by a human to the strange aspect of Mars is astonishing. Itwould only be prudent from Carter to learn the language if he wasinterested in staying in Mars for a long time. It is clear thatCarter was getting interested in the ways of life of the Martians.The author manages to convince the audience about the Carter’sinterest in learning a foreign language. It is possible that Carterwanted to understand their way of life and communication in order toarrange how he would escape together with the other humans such ashis princess of Helium.

The royalty that Carter gained and the way he rescued DejahThoris is astonishing. The author depicts this response as somethingnormal. However, a closer look indicates that the events of theentire story and the response by the humans is pure fiction. It isalso strange how Carter, after being promoted to the position ofchieftain. He responded to his promotion positively and even used hisposition to kill some Martians. It is useful to note that the authoris depicting all these human responses when Carter was still aprisoner at Mars. Carter even trained the strange creatures at Marshow to form friendships and also led them to attacking Zodanga(Burroughs 1).

It is apparent that the humans in Mars are astonished by the strangethings that they see. Carter witnessed weird creatures, animals andplants at Mars. The reaction or the responses of Carter are somewhatstrange and justified. He interacts and learns the way of life of theMartians. He even goes ahead to be promoted to the position of thechieftain (Burroughs 1). Carter depicts royalty to the Martiansdespite being a prisoner. It seems like the humans had gotten used tothe strange happenings at Mars. The author has managed to depict thehuman responses to the strange things in Mars in a convincing way. Itis human the way Carter responded to what he encountered at Mars.However, it is extremely easy for the audience to believe the suddenchange by Carter after he gets to Mars. Considering how the journeyto Mars was, it is clear that the response by Carter would have beenmore intense. His love and consequent marriage with Dejah Thoris is atestimony enough that the reaction of Carter was human. The searchfor love in Mars was a reaction that is earthly. The search for loveis something that is earthly and there is no evidence that there waslove in Mars.

Work cited

Burroughs, Edgar R.&nbspA Princess of Mars. Rockville, Md:Arc Manor, 2008. Print.

Lecturer

AWhite Heron

Thestory rotates within a little girl in her formative age. The authorwrites a story with a deeper meaning that is expressed by manyliterary elements, styles, and different character traits. Sarahpaints a clear and descriptive representation of a young herotogether with her beautiful surroundings in the whole story. In thispaper, I will primarily focus on literary elements, the styles usedby the author and characters, character traits and the themes aspresented in the story. The author has used literary elements andother techniques of writing to make the story interesting to thereader as much as possible. The characters used present the traitsthat are encountered in the modern society and, therefore, the storyincorporates the modern fiction to make it more relevant from thecontemporary stories that are becoming outdated in the currentsociety. I am going to address all the elements above in this paper,analyze them accordingly, and try to determine what they represent inthe current society.

Plotand the Main Characters in the Story

The story starts in the evening when young Sylvia is looking for amilk cow in the woods of England. She is surprised by the suddenemergence of a young man holding a gun who proclaims to her that heis an ornithologist that has come to hunt for birds at his ownpleasure. When he asks for help from Sylvia, she directs the man tothe farm that belongs to her grandfather. Sylvia has come to staywith Mrs. Tilley because she escaped from the city where her motherlives with struggles while supporting the family. The other reasonthat brought her there is to help her grandmother. The strangerattracts the granddaughter and grandmother and helps them withmuch-required cash and in locating the nest. Despite the fact thatSylvia accompanies the young man the next day, and the two fail tofind their prey. At dawn the next day, Sylvia wakes in search of aheron and where its nest is located. Sylvia finds the Heron on thetree and its nest and the mate of the heron. She then experiencesepiphany after the encounter with the heron. She guards her secretwhen she returns to the farm later in the morning (Jewett, 255).

CharacterTraits

The main character in the story is Sylvia. She is a young girl whohas escaped from the city to seek refuge in the wilderness of Maine.The character in the story can be termed as being afraid. This is hermajor trait because she is afraid of people. She is afraid of thepeople in the industrial town and it is they, whom are brought to thewilderness by her grandmother. (Jewett, 250). She is very friendlyto animals as she befriends animals, but the problem is that she doesnot like befriending human beings. She also likes nature, and it wasout of this that she met a young man when she heard a whistle in theforest. She thought that it was a bird but at the end found out thatit was a young man who was a hunter. The whistle indicates Sylvia`sfear for people. The new friend that she gets in the wildernessrepresents the old life that she had neglected when she was in thecity. She develops a new trait, and now she is eager to assist thenew friend in his endeavors. (Jewett, 253).

Themes,styles, and literary elements

There is a theme of betrayal in the story. Sylvia betrays her life inthe city where she has lived for eight good years to go and stay inthe wilderness with her grandmother. She also betrays herself bybefriending the stranger while she had that fear of people. This newcharacter betrays her old character. She also betrays nature bytrying to assist a stranger whose intentions are to destroy nature bykilling the birds at his own pleasure. There is a theme of freedomin the story. The white bird in the story symbolizes the freedom thatSylvia has found in the wilderness. This is a style that Sarah usesto symbolize the new life and the freedom that Sylvia had found inthe wilderness that she lacked while in the city (Jewett, 251).Thehunter who is the stranger represents human companionship that Sylviahad found. The white heron can also represent the naturecompanionship.

Thegun in the story indicates maturity especially the way Sylvia hasgrown sexual and can be a phallic symbol. The story usespersonification to give the white heron the power to befriend theSylvia. It is very difficult for a wild animal to befriend a person,and this can be evidenced by the way it is even harder for Sylvia tobefriend people in the city. That compatibility between Sylvia andthe bird is what brings in the style of personification in the story.Town versus nature in the story symbolizes aggressiveness. It showsthat the city was changing at a faster rate while the wilderness wasstagnant. The hunter comes from the city with a gun indicating howthe people in the city had developed from the people in thewilderness. This can be evidenced by the difference from the toolsthe city and the rural people uses (Jewett, 256). There is also theuse of flashback in the story. &quotShe often thought with wistfulcompassion of a wretched geranium that belonged to a town neighbor.&quot

Conclusion

Thisnarrative like other narratives that has been written by differentauthors uses the literary elements, modern themes to represent themodern society and different styles of writing to make the story asinteresting as possible. It rotates on the story of a young naïvegirl who fears interacting with people in the city and seeks refugeat her grandmother`s place in the wilderness. It is there that Sylviastarts to develop and starts to mingle with people after meeting withthe young hunter while on her nature walk. The stranger transformsher life completely making it different from her earlier life in thecity.

WorksCited

Jewett,Sarah O. A white heron and other stories. Mineola, N.Y: DoverPublications, 1999. Print.

Lecturer

Responseto “The Hunger Games”

Human misery characterizes the idea of dystopia. In “The HungerGames”, dystopia is one of the main themes, with political elementstaking the center stage. These elements include dictatorship and war.Dictatorship is evident with Snow, who is the president, controllingthe entire Panem, and is evidenced by control of all life sources,restriction of freedom, and citizens living with misery within Panemborders (Collins 18). War is again an element, which gives Collinsthe power of expressing herself. War is a major issue, which buildsblocks for dystopian theme that also cultivates problematic outcome.

The failed dystopia would have come from the picture that Collinscreated. The will for the society to survive only helped to fueldrama in the games, and was characterized by death and violence(Collins 20). Dystopia failed partly because of the lack of piece inthe human race, which also helped fuel war and their children’sfight to survive hostile society. The people in power aimed atcausing problems and heightening misery to its people living withinPanem in order to be in a better position to monitor and controlevery district (Collins 19). The people in power achieved totalcontrol of their capitol, with dystopian views seen to have an effecton Panem’s citizens.

1stReview

Looking at the first review, it views the dystopia to be caused bypower-hungry individuals living luxuriously. “The Hunger Games”represent a few individuals controlling masses of people, which isagainst people living in poverty. It is evident that the peer reviewborrowed more on the government of people of Panem. The author putinto consideration Capital’s involvement in illegal dealing andpropaganda aimed at promoting the games. Both peer reviews haveclearly explained why “The Hunger Games” has political elementsare considered reasons for dystopia, with the political system beingthe main reason.

2ndReview

In the second peer review, it benefitted from the governmentinvolvement within the boundaries of Palem, especially in drawing itsdystopian elements. The review painted individuals from thegovernment to be cruel, and aimed at instilling fear in them. Theirintention is seen to be disrespectful to people of Panem. This isalso seen as a move by the government to employ divide and ruletechnique, since people would listen to the government out of fear.

Works Cited

Collins, Suzanne.The Hunger Games. New York: Scholastic Press, 2008. Print.

Lecturer

Annotated Bibliography and Focusing Questions: The NarcissismEpidemic

Brown, Nina W. Children of the Self-Absorbed: A Grown-Up`s Guideto Getting Over Narcissistic Parents. Oakland, CA: New HarbingerPublications, 2008. Print.

The book examines the narcissism disorder from the parents’perspective. To be a parent is about sacrificing everything one hasfor the betterment of the growth and development of the child. Butwhat happens when it is not the case? The book study how some parentsdismiss their children’s needs while asserting their needs instead.Again, these parents may demand reassurance and attention from eventhe youngest of their children. It is the case when the parent inquestion has a tendency to narcissism or personality disorder. Here,the author offers a step-by-step approach that aims at resolving allmanners of conflict in a family setting through building of ameaningful relationship, more so, with a parent with narcissism.Self-absorbed children present apparent narcissism definitions andpersonality disorder, which help in the identification, especiallywith the extent of the parents’ problems.

The book will be essential in the essay since it gives clearunderstanding of the different types of what could be destructivenarcissism, which also allows one to identify their effects on thechild and parent relationship. With the availability of proventechniques, it will be significant in drafting the essay since itgives clear understanding of a child not going against his or herparent behavior, while giving consideration to not giving up on theentire relationship.

Additionally, the essay will focus on the chances of not raisingself-important children. The piece will benefit more from this sourcebecause of the realistic strategies and step-by-step procedure itgives, which should be followed that suggest a mutually agreed mannerin such behaviors will fail in fulfilling one’s expectations andneeds.

Champion, David R. Narcissism, and Entitlement: Sexual Aggressionand the College Male. New York: LFB Scholarly Pub. LLC, 2003.Internet resource.

Champion, in his book, examines the undertaking that sexuallyaggressive people possess a distinct and cognitively constructedbelief system. To consider these belief systems, Champion focused onthe entitlement and went against the children. Through the existingscales, right was measured, mainly for narcissism and theMachiavellianism. The book explained that sexual aggressors appear tobe the most narcissistic, develop into sexually experienced, and moreMachiavellian than others, especially the boys. Contrary to popularbelief and past athletic, fraternity, and research, membership neverhad sexual aggressiveness. Champion, therefore, postulates thatchildren’s personality structures are readily associated with theirsexual aggression when they develop into adulthood. Again, hespeculated on chances of implication on this for future use incriminology studies.

Champion offers an explanation on the sexual aggression side ofchildren when growing up. He talks about Machiavellianism, which isat the core of sociopathy. Children, especially the boys, heexplains, may have heightened levels of depression, tendencies tocommit a crime, and unrealistic view of self. Here, these childrentend to compensate on sexual aggression when they grow up, more so,with men. They aim at overcompensating it with feelings of inadequacyso that they maintain a perfect persona and self-aggrandizement.

Based on the topic of research, this research source is ofimportance. The book also gives invites on why a narcissist childpampered with parental on reasons why he or she is special, couldalso have been punished by abusive and neglecting parents.

Kleefeld, Carla. The Psychopathology of Affluence. Carpinteria,Calif: Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2000. Print.

The book focuses on assumption challenges that growing up with greatwealth will lead to fulfillment and happiness. Self-psychology andtheories on object relations are applied, while consideringexperiences of influential individuals. The author of the bookexamines multi-generational psychopathology legacy in these prominentfamilies. Here, it is aimed at showing how great wealth interfereswith the creation of healthy individuals. The same persons willeventually assume ownership of the wealth and power, which willaffect the social values instilled in these individuals. Despitestereotypes on the low self-esteem, wealthy, depression, reducedfrustration, sociopathy, and suicide, although these wealthy parentswill have the necessary resources to be with the children, what willbe repeated is the parental neglect, work preference, superficialcommunication, and leisure activities over rearing of their children.

The essay will benefit from this book because of the insights itgives over-emphasis on appearance and status over the family members’inner lives, secrecy, and tendency of denying negative impact thiswealth will have the parent-child relationship. The denial andsecrecy, the essay will attempt to look on will not correspondentirely with the reality experienced by the families. Thedisparities may lead to guilt, confusion, and the conflict associatedwith the significance of psychological and wealth impoverishment.

A clear look at the book and its relation to narcissism draws a lotof its examples on families inheriting vast amounts of wealth. It is,therefore, important to draw a comparison between the narcissisticdisorders with the tendency of some therapist during a psychoanalyticprocess to hinder recommended assessment and treatment.

Ogrodniczuk, John S. Understanding and Treating PathologicalNarcissism. Washington, D.C: American Psychological Association,2013. Print. Retrieved fromhttp://www.apa.org/pubs/books/4317297.aspx?tab=2

In this peer-reviewed source, better understanding and treatment ofpathological narcissism is often intended to offer a clear overviewof some of the important issues that relates to the treatment ofpsychotherapy in patients, with the condition considereddebilitating. The article draws on the highly skilled knowledge fromrespectable contributors that are on the front towards empirical andclinical advances in the narcissism field. Some sections of thereport provide a clear introduction to some sub-topics that areconsidered relevant to narcissist patient treatments, especiallythose with narcissism pathology.

The article has points that deserve emphasis. It should not beavailable as just a definitive article on narcissism pathology but asa well-crafted treatment guide. The material is relevant to thereader since it provides critical issues, especially those with basicknowledge on the narcissism. Pathological narcissism is a complextopic that tends to address comprehensively on the number ofquestions that are necessary for handling narcissist individuals,especially the children. That being said, the article has a uniquefocus on the issues, which are covered comprehensively. It thus makesit a useful source to handling narcissism.

The narcissism epidemic is a crucial topic to cover, therefore thisarticle presents an important source, which will help in tacklingthis issue from pathological perspective. It is important to notethat the source intensively cover procedural treatment of theepidemic. As much as it includes little in terms of children withnarcissism, the article covers more in better understanding andtreatment of the epidemic.

Robinson, Hazel, and Victoria G. Fuller. Understanding Narcissismin Clinical Practice. London: Karnac, 2004. Internet resource.

The book is one of the volumes on the clinical practice of monographseries, which is listed in the Society of the Analytical Psychology.The book was written with the primary aim of teaching psychodynamicand psychotherapy courses. It is important to every individual whoaim at learning the basics of psychoanalytic theories. Here,narcissism is viewed to contribute mostly on psychoanalysis, which isalso viewed to be more confusing. The book has a clear understandingof the clinical condition of the narcissistic disorder. Narcissusmyth, where &quotnarcissism&quot originated, is clearly presentedand intensively discussed. There are also instances of case studiesaimed at providing in-depth and clear manifestation of narcissism,especially in children. The book comes to an end with brief summaryof the main theories evolved since Sigmund Freud, which examinesinterestingly on the individual narcissistic traits more so, on thepersonality and impact it has on people`s lives.

The essay will consider narcissism epidemic, which will be drawnpartly on the psychodynamic and psychoanalytic theories. The book,therefore, will provide a necessary source of the identification ofthese ideas deemed appropriate in better understanding on the topicin question. It is important to note that the book also delve on theepidemic as a disorder. The disorder, as it is understood, is anexplicit representation of the traits commonly known and evident inman. Since the essay will focus on the children and the symptoms ofthe disorder, the book will provide references to some of thesymptoms that are likely to be identified. Some of the symptoms to beexamined in individuals with children are taking too manyphotographs of one’s children, having a permissive attitude to whatthe children want, and buying the children expensive products.

Schippell, Pamela L. The Role of Narcissism, Self-Esteem andAttentional Biases in Childhood Reactive and Proactive Aggression. ,2001. Print.

The book focuses on aggression subtypes, which include proactive andreactive aggression, personality variables, and attention to biases.It is hypothesized that aggression is associated with narcissism andinflated self-esteem, which draws consistency with Baumeister’stheory of quiet egotism. Further, the book gives an exaggerated senseof appreciation, which efficiently mediates established arelationship between the parent and the child. The book focused on atotal of seventy previously well-established attentional biases andRA for any cues available to signal threats to an individual esteemin both the supraliminal and subliminal conditions. The childrenaimed at completing a given task through preconscious and consciousmeasurement of questionnaires. These surveys helped in the assessmentof narcissism, self-competence, emotional, and behavioral problems.

The book is essential in the preparation of the essay because itoffers different views on hierarchical regression analysis in afamily setting. The predictive link between the parents and theirchildren will be measured in terms of general aggression level andexaggerated self-worth, which is aimed at revealing predictedassociation levels between the two parties through assault andattentional biases. It also allows the essay to give findings thatsupport downward extension of the Baumeister theory to the childrenwhile giving shreds of evidence for the differentiation betweenunderlying personality variables within the family setting.

Looking at the book, whatever is analyzed will be provided first-handshreds of evidence of the attention the parent gives to the childrenthrough subliminal attention biases. Biases tend to offer adisconnection between narcissistic members of the family whilealienating them.

Twenge, Jean M, and W K. Campbell. The Narcissism Epidemic: Livingin the Age of Entitlement. New York: Free Press, 2009. Print.

Dr. Twenge joined forces with Keith Campbell, renowned narcissismexpert for this book, an eye-opening exposition, which talks aboutthe alarming rise of the epidemic narcissism, and how to stop it.The two novelists explain a day to day encounter to real narcissismcosts: in one’s family and relationships, in schools failing toimpart necessary skills of handling narcissism. The book is full ofarresting anecdotes, which illustrate how narcissism hold firm onindividuals today. Today, people are known to hire fake paparazzi soas to feel a sense of fame, especially the college students. The samestudents would not leave the professor’s office until they areguaranteed an A from their B+. The epidemic was once considered ariveting window towards narcissistic consequences, cultural probinganalysis, and combat prescription to the problems as a result ofnarcissism. From their widely researched study and decades of expertanalysis, both writers show us how.

The book is famous as a far as narcissism is concerned, especiallywith the epidemic that has engulfed families. The research sourcewill assist in studying how individuals within a family set-up werebrought up, whether as their actual selves or as a reflection. Theindividuals’ self-worth will be viewed to be wrapped up from withinor are projected when they are still young. It will also assist inconsidering parental responsibility for their evaluation of theirchildren as to whether they are under compulsion to ascribe everysense of perfection to their children.

Additionally, of importance in the source is also to understand how achild’s personality maintains his or her sense of feeling specialwhile putting into consideration individual talents and entitlementto special treatment.

Wayment, Heidi A, and Jack J. Bauer. Transcending Self-Interest:Psychological Explorations of the Quiet Ego. Washington, DC: AmericanPsychological Association, 2008. Retrieved fromhttp://www.apa.org/pubs/books/4317153.aspx

In this peer-reviewed source, it provides a well-constructedframework for better understanding of parenting while conductingintensive research on children’s egocentrism and the manner inwhich to transcend it. The two authors, Weyment, and Bauer have triedto assemble some contributors to help in reshaping psychology field,which defines self, across the 21st century. In the positivepsychology spirit, these two authors aimed at pushing beyondpathological and individualistic notions between self and other.Their research and theories gave two paths to transcendence (1)compassion, inter-dependent self-identity, and non-defensiveself-awareness development. Towards the end of these two convergingpaths is the ego, which is not bothered with promoting oneself thanwith improving both oneself and the others.

The source is important to the readers, especially in the narcissismresearch topic, not only for reference in psychology, but again on aperson’s better understanding of narcissism development, especiallyin children when growing up. The source will be helpful in the sensethat the quiet ego talked about shows the importance of person’sself-identity. Children, for example, will be identified in terms oftheir self-compassion, self-transcendence, and authenticity. Thethree characteristics are explained in details in the article, whichhelp in the quick predictability of narcissist outcomes when during achild’s development. The predictability will revolve around copingefficacy, well-being indices, and resilience. The three are importantduring investigations of happiness in human beings.

CentralResearch Question and Related Focusing Questions

The topic to be tackled in the paper is “The Parent createsnarcissistic Child”. The paper also would focus on a number ofquestions that are related to the central research question, whichis How do children become narcissistic and what are some of themethods used to prevent it from happening?.

Diagnosis involves parents, who over-value their children a lot morethan is recommended. As a result, these children feel they are a lotbetter than the others. What should the parents do to prevent thisfrom happening?

Causes: How does parenting cause this entitled behavior?

Symptoms: Some of the symptoms involve taking a lot of children’sphotos, buying the children expensive gifts, parents getting involvedin helicopter parenting, buying baby Einstein-like products, andcreating a general permissive attitude towards whatever the childrenwould wish to do. These symptoms trigger some questions: What are theconsequences of vanity? What is the result of giving the childrenmaterial results? What is the product of fantasy principle over one’schildren? What are some of the consequences of winning at all cost?What are the symptoms and consequences of the fish trap?

Prognosis: What will happen if the society continues raising childrenwith narcissism? What will likely happen if narcissistic children areallowed to develop to adulthood?

There are three chosen recommendations, which is aimed at tacklingnarcissism epidemic. These are:

  1. Children should be taught that self-control is more important than self-esteem.

  2. Children should understand that their fathers and mothers are more of their parents than their friends.

  3. Parents should learn to use hypodermic affection, by teaching them to get to earn what they want.

Lecturer

My Beautiful Wife

Mydream wife will have to be beautiful, both externally and internally.While women continually pop into my head. There is that one idealwoman I wake up dreaming about. Every time I am awake, there is apretty solid chance one that one particular one. With the qualities Ithink about, I would generally refer to her as my beautiful wife.This is because of what she possess, both from the inside, which herpersonality and from the outside, her physical attributes. Sometimes,I may think of all the women I wished I had a slight chance with, andother times, it is the ones I already blow my slight chances with. Asthe cliché goes, “there are many fish in the sea”, and my dreamis always the next haul, and hopefully, my dream wife.

First,from the outside, my dream wife should have a sense of sensuality. Asmuch as they say it is not always about look, my wife should have anair of confidence and sexiness, which will draw my eyes to her everytime she enters the house. She should be able to embrace herfemininity. She should confidence enough to ditch her sweatpantsduring our date nights and take some time pulling the LBD from hercloset. She should ooze a sense of physically beautiful, and turnevery head whenever she passes.

Secondly,my dream wife should be honest and supportive. If I cannot trust her,how on earth would I ever see her as a long term companion? Sheshould be open with me. For instance, a slight white lie over aflirty text with her old friend back in college could spiral out ofcontrol very fast, and could end up into a break-up. Again, even thestrongest of men need a soft landing to fall. And for that, mybeautiful wife should supportive. She has to support and stand by me.This could be whether I want or change careers or even relocatinginto another city.

Emotionally,my dream wife and I should have a connection. She should be able tofeel the same way I feel for her. Again, she should be close withboth my and her family. This is because one can tell the future andlongevity of one’s relationship by the manner in which she treatsher family. One important thing about this is that I would be able totell instantly if her emotional priorities have changed or becomejaded. She may be emotionally attached to me to a point where shedetaches from her family. But if she can remain close with thefamily, it would tell that she is a loyal person.

Again,my dream wife should not be materialistically obsessed. Yes, she maywant me to be her knight shining armor, and yes, to treat and pamperher like the princess she is, but again, that does not give her thelicense to act like one. She should grant me the luxury to treat herwith romantic presents and dinners and with surprise bubbles withouthaving to ask for them. I will be relieved that I have not to tryharder and surprisingly, this will motivate and inspire me to rise tothe occasion. This will be great since I will not have to dedicatethe whole paycheck to lavish my tokens of love to her.

Finally,with her physical beauty, my dream wife should have standards, forherself and people around her. This is her standards for the mannershe surrounds herself with people around him and the way people treathandle her. It is important because attractive people do not allowpeople walk all over them. This, they may it known early enough, andin the most tasteful manner possible. This does not also mean sheshould have a superiority complex, but it means she has the desire tocontrol the elements within and around her life. She understands herouter beauty and her own self-worth, which she holds it to herself. With her standards, it also means she will have clear goals on whatshe would want to achieve.

Lecturer

ArgumentativeEssay

Thethree books &quotAmerica is in the Heart&quot, &quotDark BlueSuit&quot and &quotSame Difference&quot written by Carlos Bulosan,Peter Bacho, and Derek Kim illustrate important historicaloccurrences in different years. All of them covers events such asrace, gender and class of different people in the society. The booksexpress the prejudice the black people encounter while in the foreigncountries by their white counterparts.

Bulosan in his Novel describes the historical events that happenedduring the First World War and the Second World War. The writer usesthe poor character to pass out the message the most of the Filipinoimmigrants in the US were very poor when compared to the whites thatwere very rich. The book uses the character that is exposed to thechild labor at the age of five years. This shows that most of theimmigrants in the US between 1920s and 1945 did not enjoy theirchildhood but rather were forced into child labor with the aim ofhelping their families from languishing in poverty (Bulosan 97). Itwas the duty of the Filipino children to work in the fields andassist with cooking and other household chores instead of attendingschools. Before moving to America, the character had an imaginationthat there is equality in America but when he arrives there, hefounds the situation to be different. From the illustration, it isevident that the Americans are racists and show some hatred towardsthe immigrants who are not whites. The book shows that there is theexistence of class among the members of the society. The evidence isdepicted at the time when Carlos shows some hatred to themiddle-class children. When the writer arrived in the US in 1930, herealized that the Americans were fond of discriminating people basedon gender. This is seen, by the way, the American tourists were fondof taking a picture of nude girls wearing G-strings that exposes outtheir genitals (Bulosan 110). This is similar to the currentsituation where females are still treated as the objects of sex.Immigrants in this 21st century are still discriminated based on racewhile in the foreign countries. The segregation of individuals on thebasis of race, gender and class is a big disadvantage to thosediscriminated against. 1940 the Filipino combined the efforts toresist the class and various mistreatment passed to them. This is thesame to the current situation where many movements that encourageequality in the society have formed throughout all parts of theworld. Just like the father of Carlos had abandoned the mistress inthe States, men in the current society have the character ofabandoning their mistresses and wives due to their own reasons. Womenare the less fortunate tools in the society since they are sometimesused and dumped by men anytime (Bulosan 99).

In the Blue suit, describes the condition of the Filipino immigrantpioneers known as the Manong generation in the 1950s. The writerdescribes the tragedy that the Filipino faced while in the US afterthe Second World War. The writer identifies the life of two existinggroups of people in America. The black people who are the Filipinosare discriminated by the whites and to some worse extent people areseparated in terms of class. The poor work in the fields for the richfor them to earn a living and support themselves (Bacho 55). As theother novels and books have indicated, women were the most affectedgroup in the society just like the way the current society mistreatsthem. Women were given less opportunity to participate in, and thisreally limited them in the society. The current society has seen manywomen forming some movements that are aimed to liberate them from thehands of the men. This, therefore, implies that men still mistreattheir wives just like the way the situation was in the past. Theauthor used the poor and the rich characters to show how people weredivided into different classes. In most cases, the rich were thewhite people while the poor comprised the black and the immigrantFilipinos according to how the writer narrates (Bacho 76). Thesituation is the same in the current world such that most of thecountries that are rich are found in the west where the whites are,and the poor countries are those that are owned by the blacks.

The Same Distance by Derek presents two vibrant characters a Chineseand a white. The novel presents the issue of Racism and genderinequality in the society. It shows how women are used as tools ofsex in the society and dumped by men anytime they are contended withthem or immediately after fulfilling their desires (Kim 50). Theissue of class is also represented where characters of differentsocial classes are represented on different occasions in the book.The themes that are discussed in the book are the same as those thatare experienced in the current world. This is the current reflectionof the society as it addresses events that occurred in 2000s.

Conclusion

All the three books are very important as they address thecontemporary issues that affect the society currently. The historicalevents are a true reflection of how the society was and how thesociety is at the moment.

WorksCited

Bacho,Peter. DarkBlue Suit And Other Stories.Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997. Print.

Bulosan,Carlos. America is in the heart: a personal history. Seattle:University of Washington Press, 1973. Print

Kim,Derek Kirk. SameDifference.New York: First Second, 2011. Print.

Lecturer

Denialof Service Attacks

Table of Contents

Introduction 2

Definitions 2

Benefits and Harms 2

Case Study 3

Ethical Evaluation Overview 3

The ethical theories covered 3

Legal issues with respect to the topic and case study 4

Social issues how culture sees the subject 4

Solution 4

Conclusion 4

References 5

IntroductionDefinitions

Ina more general term, denial of service attack can be defined as amalicious attempt by an individual to make a server within anorganization or a network source to be unavailable this is often doneby temporarily interrupting or even suspending all the services of ahost that is connected to the internet (Carl et al., 84). The mostcommon and widespread type of denial of service attack entailsflooding the main target source with the external communicationrequest.

Benefits and Harms

Thistype of overload will significantly prevent the resource from normalfunctioning and responding to the legitimate traffic. Further, thismay even slow its response significantly that it may be renderedeffectively unavailable. This attack often is designed such that itbrings the network of any organization to its knees, and this is byflooding the network with useless traffic (Carl et al., 85).Therefore, the general result of the attack by denial of serviceattack is that the entire system will not respond as before, and thisis so by either denying the service or it may be severely be damaged.

CaseStudy

Ahacker in Kuwait recently was reported when he attacked some of theIsraeli banks. The Stuxnet worm, the worm identified to target somecritical industrial infrastructure was used to target the system ofcomputer control. This type of computer attack can significantlyinflict a severe damage that may turn out to be very difficult toperverse and may never be fixed by simply blocking the internettraffic. This is further worsened by destroying all the computers andsome of the automated devices that are connected to the internet.

EthicalEvaluation OverviewThe ethical theories covered

Theutilitarianism is the general belief that if an individual action isgood, it would then benefit some of the individuals and that anaction is considered bad if it harms someone. According to thistheory, the action by an individual to introduce a denial of serviceattack on the network system of an organization is unethical as itonly benefits him bad the rest of the people are affected negativelyby the effect of the act.

Thesocial contract theory, on the other hand, argues that the societyshould arise and maintain order. Further, it states that the moralitybased set of rules ought to be agreed upon. This theory has largelyinfluenced the modern government and thus is majorly involved withsocietal laws that prevent the act of denial of service attack bycriminalizing.

Byapplying the theory of Kantianism, any act of behavior that may leadto anything that is less than maximizing the satisfaction of interestor further the happiness of a larger number of individuals should beconsidered morally incorrect and thus the denial of service attack isunethical and morally unacceptable.

Legalissues with respect to the topic and case study

Thecomputer misuse (Amendment) Bill 2005 is generally aimed at amendingthe Act to ensure that all means that are aimed at deliberatecomputer system interference are criminalized (Mirkovic et al. 32).The Bill generally entails a new section that deals with denial ofservice and further proposes that it must be an offense when oneintentionally do any act that will cause an access impairment to aprogram or even data that is held in a computer. When caught, theproposed sanction for the offense is up to a maximum of two yearsimprisonment and or a fine.

Socialissues how culture sees the subject

Socially,most cultures are against the act of inflicting destruction or lossto the society. When an organization that offers services to thesociety is attacked by the denial of service, the system will fail,and this would imply that the society members would not access thebasic services. Therefore, it is culturally wrong and against themoral of the society to attack an organization system and destabilizethe normal functioning of the system.

Solution

Generally,what is needed is the moral education of all the members of societythat will tend to present the society and all those who are involvedin the computer technologies with the required ethical resources,which will enable them to reason to conclusion and understand whatmorally correct (Wood, 54) is. Further, laws should amended andreviewed to ensure that those individuals found committing theoffense, should be arrested and punished heavily to avoid the samefrom taking place.

Conclusion

Cybercriminals do not in most cases keep regular hours they often spendmost of their time to find and exploit all the available holes in anorganization’s network. As a result, they end up destroying thefirm’s network by introducing a denial of service attack. Theorganization thus needs a comprehensive enterprise network securitythat is designed for meeting the ever-changing challenges that facethe security of the network. An attack mitigation device must beadopted that will protect the network and the infrastructure againstthe network downtime and network anomalies. For instance, a firm canadopt the use of defense Pro that will offer an excellent security,which include the denial of service attack.

References

Carl,Glenn, et al. &quotDenial-of-service attack-detection techniques.&quotInternetComputing, IEEE 10.1 (2006): 82-89.

Mirkovic,Jelena, et al. InternetDenial of Service: Attack and Defense Mechanisms (Radia PerlmanComputer Networking and Security).Prentice Hall PTR, 2004.

Wood,Anthony D., and John Stankovic. &quotDenial of service in sensornetworks.&quot Computer35.10 (2002): 54-62.