4.Machiavelli’s take about the qualities a prince
Oneof the qualities that Machiavelli recommends for a prince is to bejust in his dealings and appear to be generous. He argues that aprince should be frugal at the same time appearing to be generous andloved. However, Machiavelli advices that an ideal prince should beready the necessary in order to govern the state. Machiavelli furtherargues that a prince should not be ready to follow the ordinary moralcode, but have the courage to do what the situation calls him to do.Particularly, Machiavelli states that an ideal prince should beruthless so that he can eschew the common morality in order tomaintain his power.
5.Machiavelli’s take on generosity and cruelty?
Inregard to generosity, Machiavelli explains that having a reputationof being a generous person is good. However, Machiavelli warns thatbeing generous for the sake of generosity harms the reputation of thegiver in real sense. According to Machiavelli, being generous coststhe political capital of the giver in addition to the belongings thathe gives. In regard to cruelty, Machiavelli explains that it isuseful when necessary to maintain the state. According toMachiavelli, cruelty in the army is necessary to keep them togetherand maintain control and command.
6.Why Cesare Borgia’s cruelty was actually kind
CesareBorgia’s cruelty was actually kind because it restored Romagna andunited it. Because of the cruelty of Cesare Borgia, he brought orderto Romagna and commanded its obedience. According to Machiavelli, thecruelty is good when people look at things in reality and not just intheir true light. Therefore, being merciful could not be helpful inthe case of Cesare Borgia and the reality of the situation. In thisregard, the cruelty of Cesare Borgia was actually kind.