M.G CASE STUDY

M.GCASE STUDY

InstitutionAffiliation

Themost likely cause of the signs and symptoms of M.G condition is abacterial Meningitis type of infection. Bacterial meningitis comesbecause of bacterial getting into the bloodstream from the upperrespiratory tract, the ears or the sinuses. I believe so as the signsand symptoms shown in the patients resembles the signs and symptomsof bacterial meningitis infection. For patients above the age of2years, general signs and symptoms of high fever above the normalbody temperatures, lethargy, severe headache, stiff neck indicates abacterial meningitis infection. Further result of increased whiteblood cells in the cerebrospinal fluid from the laboratory is acondition associated with the infection of bacterial meningitis. Theorigin and pathogenesis of the condition is due to a viral or abacterial infection that commences from the upper respiratory tractlike the ears and the sinuses. Alternatively, the cause may be due toa fungal infection or due to disorders of autoimmune system.Initially, Haemophilus influenza type b caused bacterial meningitisuntil thetime when a vaccine was introduced to boost the immune system infighting the bacteria.Currently the major bacterial causing meningitis is the meningococcusand pneumococcus for patients with strong immune and listeriamonocytogenes for patients with reduced immune. Apart from theincreased white blood cells in the cerebrospinal fluid laboratorytests may indicate an inflammation of the cerebrospinal fluid. Inaddition, the laboratory test may indicate that there is a bleedinginto the cerebrospinal fluid due to the infection of bacterialmeningitis. Both the laboratory findings may indicate that there is abacterial meningitis infection in the cerebrospinal fluid.

Someof the complications manifested in bacterial meningitis disorder arehigh fever, headache, stiff neck, vomiting, and loss of appetite,diarrhea, lethargy, and increased temperature. The bacterialmeningitis infects the spinal cord and the protective brain membraneby inflaming those membranes causing complications like stiff neck,headache, lethargy, and high fever. In addition high fever resultswhen the hypothalamus fails to regulate body temperature to normaltemperature especially due to infection of some bacterial likemeningococcus[ CITATION Klo07 l 1033 ].To assessthe presence of the disorder, the patient will have a challengemoving the neck, the patient will be shivering due to high fever, thepatient will weak, will have no appetite, and the patient will havenausea as some of the complications associated with the disorder.

Intreating the disorder, it is important to find out the type ofmeningitis the patient is suffering. For instance, there is bacterialmeningitis, viral meningitis and fungal meningitis. Each type istreated differently according to the level of seriousness[ CITATION Klo07 l 1033 ].For instance, intreating the disorder, it is important to note that bacterialmeningitis is a serious condition that cannot ceases unless treated.However, viral meningitis might get better without prior treatment.Treating viral meningitis involve taking of more fluids and bed rest.The treatment of bacterial meningitis involves use of intravenousantibiotics to fight the bacteria that causes the infection. Further,the use of cortisone medication may be applied in the treatment asthe medication help to reduce the risk of complications and to speedup the process of recovery[ CITATION Klo07 l 1033 ].Recommendation for treatment and the type of antibiotics to usedepends on the precise cause of the meningitis. Finally,to treat fungal meningitis, antifungal medications can beadministered. It is paramount to treat the infection at the earlystage before the bacterial becomes fatal and damage the brain.

Reference

Klosterman,L. (2007).&nbspMeningitis.New York: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark