NATURAL DISASTER RESPONSE 1
Natural disaster response
The first nursing intervention recommended would be the prevention ofcommunicable diseases. This shall begin with the identification ofrisk factors for communicable diseases. According to Alwan (2011),the most significant risk factors are population movement anddisplacement. Given the country’s economic situation, there arecertain elements such as poor waste management and lack of shelterwhich may cause a major scare by increasing the rate at which thecommunicable diseases will spread. Two main action will take place,which are selection of plan sites and provision of adequate cleanwater and food. Provision of appropriate shelter sites will curb thespread of the communicable diseases such as vector-borne diseases andtuberculosis. At the same time, providing the masses with clean foodand water will help contain cases of malnutrition and cholera.
The secondary intervention proposed will be provision of screening,vaccines and treatment for diseases that may not have immediateimpact after the earthquake. For such disasters, priority is given toa number of parasitic diseases and TB (Smith, 2013). There will beextensive screening for these diseases in order to decrease the rateof spread as the people move beyond the disaster. At the same time,there will be two radiological pictures for screening bone fracturesand sonography for screening soft tissue injuries. Finally, thepopulation will be screened to ensure that there is proper use ofsanitation to prevent further spread of disease.
Follow up will be a major part of the tertiary intervention. Usingthe records collected by the disaster management team and relevantauthorities, the nursing team and other medical personnel willconduct a follow-up on the population. People who had receivedtreatment and vaccines will be investigated to ensure that theyresponded well. At the same time, the shelters and neighborhoods thatwill have been set up by the authorities and recovery teams will beassessed to ensure that they sustain high human living standards.During the follow up, there will be due rehabilitation of theneighborhoods and counselling sessions for victims suffering frompost-disaster trauma.
The primary intervention shall be initiated as early as during the1st phase, and throughout to the 5th phase.This is because the continuous nature of problem being solved by thisintervention. At the same time, the people are very likely to beexposed to the communicable disease throughout these phases, giventhe geographical extent and nature of damage of the earthquake.
The secondary intervention will be started during the early stages ofthe 2nd phase, and be carried on through to the 5thphase. Similarly, screening of patients for harm and disease is acontinuous process, and the high population of Haiti means that thisintervention will be carried on through those stages.
Finally, the tertiary interventions (follow up) will be conductedduring the last stages three phases (3rd, 4thand 5th stages). This is because of the technicalrequirements of the nature of follow up recommended.
Disaster management takes the collaborative effort ofwell-established and authorized organizations, which may begovernmental or non-governmental (Palttala et al, 2012). In primaryintervention, the people involved will be the Center for DiseaseControl and Prevention, the Red Cross and Federal EmergencyManagement Agency. In addition to these, the National Guard, Militaryand other volunteers will be involved in the secondary intervention.The tertiary stage will involve international organizations such asWHO and UNEP. These partners are recommended because of theirexperience in handling such disasters, and financial ability.
Alwan, A. (2011). Globalstatus report on non-communicable diseases 2010.World Health Organization.
Palttala, P., Boano, C., Lund, R.,& Vos, M. (2012). Communication gaps in disaster management:Perceptions by experts from governmental and non‐governmentalorganizations. Journalof Contingencies and Crisis Management,20(1),2-12.
Smith, K. (2013). Environmentalhazards: assessing risk and reducing disaster.Routledge.