Painthe Neurologic Effect
PainThe Neurological Effect
Painis usually an uncomfortable human experience usually with chances ofbecoming horrible. The International Association for the Study ofPain describe it as an emotional or sensory experience that isunpleasant resulting from potential or actual damage of tissue(Huether& McCance, 2013).Pain can be categorized as acute, chronic or referred pain based onpathophysiological effects (Gould& Dyer, 2011).However, since pain is a personal experience, it is argued that tounderstand and describe it adequately, may always prove difficult.This discussion however attempts to compare the aforementioned typesof pain.
Acutepain is mostly sharp normally occurring abruptly (Huether& McCance, 2013).Mostly, acute pain indicates possible infections within the bodysystems. The triggering of the peripheral receptors marks theinitiation of pain and causes uncomfortable or unpleasant sensationswithin the neurologic system. The cerebral cortex interprets thepain. Chronic pain is usually considered to go on for longer periodseven after the healing of injuries. In the pathophysiologicalorientation of chronic pain, nociceptive transmission is key (Gould& Dyer, 2011).It occurs within the dorsal horn causing pain to be manifested in theneurological system. The persistence of this pain is as a result ofthe irreversible nature of the nerve fibers’ functional framework(Huether& McCance, 2013).On the other hand, referred pain entails the manifestation of pain indifferent parts rather or apart from at the initial stimulusposition. Unlike the previous two forms of pain, this pain lacks anaccurate framework to explain its pathophysiology. The characteristicmanifestations and points of initiation are the main differencesbetween these forms of pain (Gould& Dyer, 2011).
However,these entities have their similarities. To begin with, they all havespecific initiation points. The points of initiation are responsiblefor triggering pain through the neurologic system (Huether& McCance, 2013).In addition, these forms of pain involve and affect the neurologicsystem. Even though pain may be manifested in other areas of thebody, it commences from the neurological system. Thirdly, each ofthese forms of pain can tremendously affect the entire body system’sfunctional framework including weakening the immune system.
Severalfactors have been considered to affect the pathophysiologicalmechanism of these pains, for example, age and genetics. Age, forinstance could affect the rate in which pains spread. As such, acutepain could less sharp in children as compared to older persons (Gould& Dyer, 2011).The genetic composition or make up of the body controls chronicpain’s persistence in the body and can affect the rate of spreadtoo.
Gould,B. E., & Dyer, R. M. (2011). Pathophysiologyfor the health professions(pp. 284-8). Philadelphia.
Huether,S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2013). Understandingpathophysiology.Elsevier Health Sciences.