TheRing of Gyges is a tale that talks of a shepherd. On one of the dayswhen he was out with his flock by the side of a mountain, he found amagical ring that had the powers to make him invisible upon beingadjusted. [CITATION Pla12 p 88 l 1033 ]Theman then ensuredhe was chosen as the king’s messenger who would report to the kingthe status of the flock he was taking care of. He becameopportunistic and used the powers of the ring to seduce the wife tothe king. He extended such powers and through the queen he murderedthe king and took over his reign. Plato quotes that the unjust manenjoys life more than the just man from this tale.
Glauconbrings this tale to the Republic to challenge Socrates definition ofwhat justice is as the story serves as a thought experiment. Glauconsupports the ideology that justice is the interest of the stronger orrather that might is right. From the thought experiment, he concludesthat people only do justice when compelled to do so and that everyorganism desires more than it can achieve.[CITATION Pla12 p 157 l 1033 ]
Socratessoul/city analogy recognizes the fact there are a number of basicneeds that human beings need for survival. While they struggle tomeet these needs they need to do so in an organized a lawful manner.[CITATION Pla12 p 165 l 1033 ]These needs are desires of the soul and for society, these desirestranslate to the desires of a city thus the developments andorganization of a city is a result of soul desires.
Socratessoul/city analogy does not address the challenge raised by the ringof Gyges. The analogy does not provide the mechanism unto which thehappiness in a city may be achieved.[CITATION Pla12 p 256 l 1033 ]A city may find its happiness from raiding another city and call itjustice. Power to preserve under all circumstances the right, lawfulopinion of what is and is not to be feared as quoted by Plato may nothold in Socrates analogy.[CITATION Pla12 p 269 l 1033 ]
Plato. (2012). The Republic. New York: Simon & Brown.