Onthe issues regarding justice in a country, one may wonder the rightway to judge it, do it or who to be given or what is the mandate ofensuring justice has been kept. Clearly, there are many questionsthat revolve in the political scenarios. But most certainly they canwell refer to and be handled well in a political philosophy. For manyare the questions pertaining the rights of an individual, thenational security, for example, that can never be understood well.
Inthe Republic written by Plato, justice is regarded as best to anation compared to injustice. “What sort of a thing is justicecompared to injustice?”[ CITATION Pla12 l 1033 ] Philosophershave not come into conclusion whether Plato was making a blueprintfor an ideal political stand by his argument. But rather hiscounterpart, the Socrates put it that Plato`s argument for the idealpolitical order was a harmonic analogous with the soul.
Anotherfamous statement is from the two philosophers Hobbes and Locke intheir social contract theory. What they actually studied was thereason of a people to have a government. “The government itself oradministration of its affairs is better committed to one, then many.”[ CITATION Cra10 l 1033 ]Thiswas so especially during the reign of the kings in their monarchy.Their argument is that the major role of a government is theprotection of its people through protecting their rights, givingsecurity and freedom. Furthermore, the best government that can bedeveloped is the one that has good relation between the governingbody and the governed.
Theother controversy arises from the difference between positive libertyand the negative liberty. This has led to misunderstandings anddebates over issues such as the income and the taxes. In his essay,Berlin argues that any government that emphasizes on positive libertyhas its ground held onto a bloody history.
Crawford Brough Macpherson, F. C. (2010). The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism: Hobbes to Locke. New York: Oxford University Press.
Plato. (2012). The Republic. New York: Simon and Brown.