Someof the most commonly used method in the analyzing of poverty is usingthe consumption levels or incomes of an individual. A person can beconsidered to be poor only if when his or her given income levelsfalls below a certain established level that is considered minimumand necessary to meet the daily basic needs. The term “povertyline” is sometimes used to establish the difference between thosethat are poor and those that are not poor. It is important to notethat whatever is necessary to satisfy the basic needs of a specificgroup of people ill always vary from one group to another dependingon time and the region [ CITATION Jef12 l 1033 ].Therefore it is safe to say that each country uses poverty lines thatare appropriate according to its level of development, cultural andsocial values and societal norms to define the state of its povertylevel. Inthis article, poverty is analyzed and defined with the basis ofwhether individual members have the necessary resources, abilitiesand support to meet their daily basic needs.
Datacollection bout poverty based on income and the consumption level isobtained through a series of surveys. In this surveys, varioushouseholds are asked questions on how they spend their incomes on adaily basis and the sources of their income. This surveys arenormally carried out in most of the countries around the world eitherby governmental or non governmental organizations. The survey methodsare complemented by asking people what survey they understand by themeaning of poverty and what are their basic needs. In general unfairdistribution of individual’s income, basic consumption of theincome and vulnerability can be defined as the main risks of fallingbelow the poverty level in the modern days.
at the global level.
Inorder to estimate poverty worldwide, it is important to use the safepoverty line as the reference point and the common unit across thevarious countries. The World Bank therefore uses $ 1.25 as itsreference poverty line point. By the year 2005, the world bank wasable to establish that more than 1.4 billion people world wide arebelow the $ 1.25 poverty line level for the 10 to 15 poorestcountries in the world. It is however important to note that povertyis more adverse than it was noted earlier, and the efforts to fightit should be given more priority and even doubled especially inplaces like the sub-Saharan Africa. The loopholes in some of the datasurvey means that the current estimates do not actually representsthe potential impact that poverty has on poor people with theconsistent rise of food and fuel prices. Research of this newestimates can be founding a research paper called “The DevelopingWorld is Poorer than We Thought, But Not Less Successful in The Fightagainst ” by Ravillion and Chen (2008).
Newdirections in poverty measurements
Progresscan be said to be seen developing in the field of measuring andanalyzing poverty income, there is still the need for an increase ofthe efforts needed in the measure and study of the other variousupcoming levels and dimensions of poverty. Some of the otherdimensions that should be worked on are definition of povertyindicators where need be, assessing and analyzing poverty trends andgathering of data [ CITATION Ste11 l 1033 ].This dimensions will be defined by assembling the high qualityeducational indicators, health, access to services and infrastructureand developing new strategies to track other dimensions.Work is still needed in integrating data enumerating form samplesurveys with the information being obtained from through variousparticipatory techniques which should be designed to offer realsolutions as to why certain programs designed to fight poverty workor do not work and come up with brilliant ideas on how to tackle theissues of poverty. The participatory approach should be able toillustrate the vulnerability on how cultural factors and socialethnicity work hand in hand to have an effect on poverty. Thesetechniques should also be able to show how social exclusion can becapable of setting up limits to the participation of people indevelopment and how these barriers can be removed in order to solvethe issue of poverty.
is something that can not really be eliminated in the world butvarious organizations should develop ways that can be used inreducing it. There are various reduction strategies that can be usedto help fight poverty basing on whether they are capable of makingthe basic human needs more available or whether they can increase theindividual income that will be necessary to purchase the basic needs.General strategies like the building of better roads andinfrastructure in general can bring ease of access to various basicneeds such as fertilizers for farmers, good healthcare from urbanareas and also increase of the income by enabling access to urbanmarket. The main major ways that an organization will be able tofight poverty is by:
Increasing the supply of basic needs that is food and other goods.
Providing good and quality health care and education to individuals especially those leaving in rural areas
Removing constraints on government services, this will include limiting things like political corruption, tax havens, transfer mispricing and conditionality.
Increase of personal income
Supporting economic freedom and
Offering financial services like advices to those in need.
Jeffrey, S. D. (2012). versus Inequlity. New York: Penguin Press.
Steensland, B. (2011). The Failed Welfare Revolution. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.