Pro-socialbehavior is defined as the behavioral tendencies to help other peoplein consideration to their rights, well-being and feelings without theexpectation of any reward or compensation. Sociologists have termedthis behavior as the social interaction among people that helps themconduct charitable acts to those in need of any form of help.Aggressive behavior is termed as the behavioral conduct thatthreatens to physically, emotionally and psychologically harm othersthrough verbal insults or physical altercations (Kenrick,Neuberg, & Cialdini, 2015).This paper will discuss how pro-social and aggressive behaviors are apart of the human make-up and elaborate why people emulate differentbehaviors while displaying similar emotions.
Humanbeings are also referred to as social creatures because it’s in ournature to interact with other people since no human being is capableof living independently. Psychologists have noted that human beingsare emotional beings who tend to identify themselves through emotionseither positive or negative. Since people live in communities, it’sevident that there will be social interactions which may lead toformation of platonic or animosity relationships. Therefore, oncesuch kinds of relations are established within any social setting,it’s evident that people will tend to display their emotions basedon how they feel or think about someone else who they perceive asfriend or foe. Both pro-social and aggressive behaviors are deeplyingrained in all human beings because it is an innate drive thatmotivates people to act in aggression or compassion (Kenrick,Neuberg, & Cialdini, 2015).Upon birth, children develop a conscience and self-control whichhelps them identify with their preferred social group. Psychologistshave discovered that aggression is influenced by three factorsnamely instinct, rewards and imitation. Through social interactionsand recreational activities, children tend to observe how theirparents and other people conduct themselves in varying situations.Howpeople react and respond to situations, children are able to imitatethese behavioral patterns in the future. At a young age, peopledevelop an ability to empathize with others as they get to understandother peoples’ distress. They display behaviors such as sharing,caring, care-giving and expression of compassion towards others inthe society. For instance, in a recent charity auction, theauctioneers gave the guests high-end antics and artifacts toraisefinances for charity work in the community. During the course ofthe auctioneering session, one guest volunteered to give $200,000dollars to the charity organization without placing a bid on anyitem. The entire hall was astounded and amazed at the guest’sgenerosity (Goss,2002).
Anemotion is termed as the conscious experiences primarilycharacterized by biological factors, mental condition andpsychological expressions. Emotions serves physical and psychologicalpurposes whereby people are able to respond to situations based ontheir emotional state positive or negative. Moreover, emotions helpspeople to identify and supervise their social behavior whileinteracting with others. Research shows that human beings havediffering emotional intelligence levels, which means that peoplerespond to emotional situations differently. Emotionally intelligenceis termed as the ability of an individual to manage their emotionalstate through decisively assessing the situation they are in.Self-awareness is the major emotional intelligence aspect that helpspeople who emulate the same emotions to act differently (Goss,2002).For example, the way a father responds to the news of his son’sgraduation is totally differently to how the mother will behavebecause people manage their emotions differently.
Inconclusion, human beings are emotional creatures who display theirindividualistic emotions based on their surroundings, emotional,physical, spiritual and psychological state. Therefore, it isexpected for people to behave based on their emotional state.
Goss,J. L. (2002). Perceptionof prosocial and aggressive behavior of preschool children as viewedby peers, parents and teachers.
Kenrick,D.T., Neuberg, S.L., & Cialdini, R.B. (2015).Social Psychology Goals in Interaction (6thEd.) Boston,MA: Allyn & Bacon. (ISBN 978-0-13-381018-9)