PSYC101 Worksheet


PSYC101WorksheetTotalPoints possible: 90Placeyour first and last name, student ID and the date of your worksheetcompletion in the spaces below.Student Thisworksheet is due by11:55pmETSundayat the end ofWeek6 of the course term

Youmay work on it ahead of its deadline but may not submit it prior toits assigned week. OVERVIEW:Thisworksheet requires unpacking the key elements of a publishedscholarly journal article and demonstrating APA source citationskills, activities you will engage in frequently in the completion ofa variety of assignments including essays, research papers andliterature reviews in future courses. To complete theworksheet, download and save a copy of it with your first and lastname in the document title, answer the questions and attach yourcompleted copy. Quotingis not permitted. All answers must be written as paraphrases,meaning that you must restate what you read in your own words, withthe exception of technical terms such as the names of diagnostictests. You are not required to source credit the article in youranswers to the Section I “KeyArticle Components” questions. Section II, “Sourceciting and reference listing in APA format”is where you will demonstrate knowledge of how to correctly formatsource crediting in APA style.

Answerswill be graded for accuracy, thoroughness, clarity and correctspelling and grammar.No content of this document may beremoved or reordered. Answers must be inserted in the spacesprovided.


SECTIONI: KEY ARTICLE COMPONENTSPoints possible: 70(10 points per item)

1.Previous research and authors’ rationales for conducting theirstudy100 word minimumAfterreading the article’s first five paragraphs, in the space belowanswer these two questions: What previous research has beenconducted on the article authors’ same or similar topics? Whatwere their explanations for why their study was needed?

Thereare four categories of research that are similar to the research thatis reported in the article. First, several researcher haveinvestigated the relationship that exists between serious mentalillness and patient’s exposure to traumatic disorder. Mostimportantly, the previous studies, similar to the current study havefocused on the effect of trauma that is caused by violentvictimization. Secondly, previous studies have investigated theassociation between the risk of exposure to trauma among patientssuffering from SMI and the rate of prevalence of the PTSD. The thirdcategory of research includes the studies that have investigated therole of ethnicity and culture in the experience of traumatic eventsas well as their impacts on PTSD symptoms.

Theauthors found the need to investigate the impact of ethnicity on PTSDsymptoms because it was only one study that has examined this type ofrelationship. In addition, the author identified the need forstudying the association between the exposure of patients with SMIand different kinds of traumatizing events as well as PTSD. This isbecause the previous studies failed to distinguish between traumaticevents with stronger and those with a weaker association with PTSDsymptoms. 2.Research method used50 word minimumInthe space below, describe the type of research method that thearticle authors used in conducting their study and explain why it waswell suited for an investigation of their topic (Ex: individual orgroup interview, case study, laboratory controlled or naturalisticobservation administration of psychological tests). Refer back tothe course textbook chapter on research methods for a review ofmethod types and their purposes.

Theauthors conducted the research by administering the psychologicaltests. The most important tests focused on the lifetime traumatichistory of participants and screening for participants with probablePTSD. The tools used in performing the tests include the PTSDChecklist and Traumatic Life Events Questionnaire. The psychologicaltest approach was appropriate the study because it is more objectiveand gives reliable findings (Thomas &amp Scroggins, 2006).Therefore, the results obtained from the psychological tests can beused to make valid conclusions.

3.Participants involved in the study 100 word length minimumInthe space below, describe in narrative form (lists and sentencefragments cannot be used) the characteristics of the participantsinvolved in the research study conducted by the article authors. What was the number of persons who participated where were theyrecruited from what were the participant demographics were anyparticipant screening procedures conducted what criteria were usedto determine who participated in the study and who didn’t wereparticipants paid or did they receive any other type of compensationfor being involved in the study etc. Note: Some of the above information is provided in the article’s“Measures” section, so you will want to use both it and the“Participants and Procedures” sections to answer these questions.

Theauthors recruited a total of 851 participants, who were clientssuffering from SMI and received health care services from theUniversity of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. In demographics,45 % of the participants were African Americans, 30 % were EuropeanAmericans, 14 % were Hispanic, and 8 % came from other races. About17 % of all participants suffered from schizophrenic spectrumdisorder. About 64 % of the participants were female while the restwere male aged 40 years and above. These participants were screenedfor lifetime trauma history and probable PTSD. Some of the criteriaused in recruiting participants include the DSM-IV diagnosis, atleast two treatment episodes lasting for three months, disability,and functional limitation in critical life activities. However,clients without Axis I diagnosis, except those with substance usedisorders, were excluded. Clients were not compensated forparticipating in the study.4.Measures used

Inthe space below, list the measures used in the article authors’study.

Lifetimetraumatic history: Measured using the Traumatic Life EventsQuestionnaire

ProbablePTSD symptoms: Measured using the PTSD Checklist

5.Data analyses

Inthe space below, list the data analyses used to analyze the datagathered during the article authors’ study. Note: You don’thave to know how the analyses are conducted only naming them isrequired here.T-test




Inthe space below summarize the results of the study conducted by thearticle authors. The authors identified that the numberof kinds of traumatic events experienced by a client and the Hispanicrace were significantly related to the severity PTSD symptoms. Inaddition, the authors found out that PTSD was more related totraumatic events that participants experienced in about 20 yearsearlier. Moreover, the authors identified a positive correlationbetween the risk of PTSD and the number of traumatic eventsexperienced by individual patients. Childhood sexual abuse is themost common type of event that is associated with PTSD prevalence,but being threatened and stalked leads to more severe PTSD symptoms. 7.DiscussionInthe space below, summarize the conclusions reached by the authors inthe final seven paragraphs of their article. What were theirinterpretations of the study results? What limitations of theirstudy and needed future research did they note?

Theauthors concluded that, although, being threatened and stalked areless frequent events they lead to elevated PTSD symptoms compared toa combination of other traumatic events. Various traumatic events(such as the sudden death of family members) increase the risk ofPTSD through the impacts of complicated grief and depression. Thismeans that PTSD symptoms can be treated and prevented usingcounseling measures that counter the grief reactions. The authorsalso concluded that the Hispanic patients experience more severe PTSDsymptoms, but the mechanisms explaining this relationship remainsunclear. The findings indicate that patients experience PTSD symptomsthat are related to traumatic events that occurred 20 years earlier,which confirmed the significance of addressing prolonged impacts ofloss and trauma in the lifespan of patients suffering from SMI. Theauthors recommended that the future studied should be performed inmore accurate ways and focus on the evaluation of associationsexisting between the severity of PTSD symptoms and severity as wellas the type is traumatic events. SECTIONIISOURCECITING AND REFERENCE LISTING IN APA FORMATPoints Possible: 20(10 points per item)Tip: If needed, examples of how to source credit in APA formatting stylecan be found in the OnlineWriting Lab,located at Theauthors of the article are:WeiliLu, Philip T. Yanos, Steven M. Silverstein, Kim T. Mueser, Stanley D.Rosenberg, Jennifer D. Gottlieb, Stephanie Marcello Duva, ThanujaKularatne, Stephanie Dove-Williams, Danielle Paterno, DanielleHawthorne, and Giovanna Giacobbe.Thearticle’stitle is:PublicMental Health Clients with Severe Mental Illness and ProbablePosttraumatic Stress Disorder: Trauma Exposure and Correlates ofSymptom SeverityThearticle was published in Volume 26, on pages 266-273, of thescholarly journal:Journalof Traumatic StressThearticle’s year date of publication was:20131.Giving credit to published authors with in-text source citing

Whichspecific parts of the information above would you use for APA formatsource citing of the article in-text (meaning a citation that occurswithin the body of one’s writing)?

In-textcitation should be included in the paraphrased section or directquotations (Russelletal.,2014). However, there present paper has paraphrased sections only.Therefore, in-text citation should be included in these sections,especially where facts and statistical data has been paraphrased fromthe article. The specific that requires in-text citation includes thetype of psychological test tools used in the article, demographicstatistics for participants obtained from the article, findingsindicatingthat patients experiences PTSD symptoms that are related to traumaticevents that occurred 20 years earlier, an the stamen that PTSDsymptoms can be treated and prevented using counseling measures thatcounter the grief reactions in the discussion section.

Afteranswering the above question, show in the space below how you wouldformat an in-text citation of the article to be in compliance withAPA formatting rules.

Anin-text citation is added at the end of the paraphrased sentence andput in parenthesis. The information put in parenthesis include thelast name of the author (s) and the year of publication.

Anexample of in-text citation

Indemographics, 45 % of the participants were African Americans, 30 %were European Americans, 14 % were Hispanic, and 8 % came from otherraces (Lu, etal.,2013). 2.Giving credit to published authors with a Reference listingWhichparts of the information provided would you use for listing thearticle in an APA format reference list (a list attached to the endof one’s writing, under the heading “References” that shows oneor more publications used)?

Referencelisting includes the names of the authors, year of publication, thetitle of the article, name of the journal, volume of the journal,number of issues, and the page numbers of the journal where thearticle was published. After answering the abovequestion, show in the space below, under the heading References,how you would reference list the information in compliance with APAstyle rules as a reference (an article listing that would be attachedto the end of one’s writing if one were using the article.

Thearticle should be referenced as follows

Lu,W., Yanos, P., Silverstein, S., Mueser, K., Rosenberg, S., Gottlieb,J., Gottlieb, D., Duva, S., Kularatne, T., Dove-Williams, S.,Paterno, D., Hawthorne, D., &amp Giacobbe, G. (2013). Public MentalHealth Clients with Severe Mental Illness and Probable PosttraumaticStress Disorder: Trauma Exposure and Correlates of Symptom Severity.Journalof Traumatic Stress,26(2),266–273.


Lu,W., Yanos, P., Silverstein, S., Mueser, K., Rosenberg, S., Gottlieb,J., Gottlieb, D., Duva, S., Kularatne, T., Dove-Williams, S.,Paterno, D., Hawthorne, D., &amp Giacobbe, G. (2013). Public MentalHealth Clients with Severe Mental Illness and Probable PosttraumaticStress Disorder: Trauma Exposure and Correlates of Symptom Severity.Journalof Traumatic Stress,26(2),266–273.

Russell,T., Brizee, A., Angeli, E., Keck, R., Paiz, M., Campbell, M., &ampRodriguez, R. (2014, March 6). In-Text citations: The basis. PurdueUniversity.Retrieved June 16, 2015, from

Thomas,L. &amp Scroggins, A. (2006). Psychological testing in personnelselection: Contemporary issues in cognitive ability and personalitytesting. Journalof Business Inquiry,1 (1), 28-38.