Psychopharmaceuticalare drugs that are used to treat emotional disorders. The used ofthese drugs has caused a major debate in the medical discipline, asmany scholars have questioned their authenticity (Kline 1). While anumber of people oppose the use of this drugs, this paper justifiestheir use and authenticity on the self. This stand is supported byHughes, who is of the idea that people have to embrace change withall four arms (95). For instance, in the modern medical practice,some of the most progressive inventions are in the field of geneticengineering. While there was major dilemma in testing the geneticdesign of children, many against it came out opposing theauthenticity of the research, citing ethical issues. However, thedebate took a major turn when it was agreed that there could beregulation of the process, and the efficacy of the geneticmodification process would help humanity take the next steps incivilization. Similarly, supporting the use of would lead to major policy regulations about the practice, and in thelong run, their authenticity would not be questioned.

Ideally,most of those opposing revolutionary medical progresses citepolitical and social issues concerned with the same. According toHughes (1996), one of the concerns expressed by critics of geneticand medical technology cite fascism, racism and authoritarian issuesin governance. However, with the modern developments in globalgovernance, and the delegation of authority to a number ofindependent bodies, it would be almost impossible to use medicaltechnology for ill-motivated political and social objectives. Whilethe same concern applies to the use of , it isjustified to argue that their use for genuine medical objectives isachievable. Therefore, there would be no need to questionauthenticity of their use on people.

Plotzbrings up the topic of ethics in medical practice, by basing hisargument on the ethics of enhancements. He states, “we can makeourselves stronger, faster, smarter. Should we?” (1). Thus the mainconcern in his argument is the authenticity of the enhancers used toimprove people’s performance. Over time, medical professionals havedeveloped medical solutions to enhance the performance of either acertain part of the body, or the entire body. These include vitamins,contact lenses, hearing aids, lasers and many other more. There hasbeen insignificant resistance to the development of these enhancers.In fact, future improvements of human performance are based on theconcepts used in developing these enhancers. It would therefore notmake sense to oppose such developments, which clearly help make lifeeasier and better. can be grouped among theseenhancers, as they help boost the mental and psychological state ofthe users. Based on this argument, use of isauthentic.

Plotzmaintains that the question of ethical use of some revolutionarydrugs will continue eliciting debates (1). However, he argues thatthe answer to this basic question lies in the nature of humanityitself. People will always look for way to make their lives better,and there is no better way than embracing inventions in science. Theuse of has effectively proven that theysignificantly improve human life as they enhance the performance ofthe brain and mind. Additionally, the side effects brought about bythese drugs are manageable, and the benefits are far much more thanthe shortcomings. As such, the use of drugsdoes not pose authenticity problems to the self.


Hughes,J. “Embracing Change wih All Four Arms: A Post-humanist Defense ofGenetic Engineering.” EuiosJournal of Asian and International Bioethics. 1996.Web. 2 July 2015.

Plotz,David. “Building a Better You: How You will Become Stronger,Faster, Smarter.” Web. 2 July 2015.

Kline,Nathan S. &quot: effects and sideeffects.&quot&nbspBulletinof the World Health Organization&nbsp21.4-5(1959): 397. Web. Web.2 July 2015.

Plotz,David. “The Ethics of Enhancement.” Web. 2 July 2015.