PUBLIC HEALTH (EPIDEMIOLOGY), CULTURAL COMPETENCE 1
PublicHealth (Epidemiology), Cultural Competence
PublicHealth (Epidemiology), Cultural Competence
Publichealth refers to both scientific and artistic methods of diseaseprevention and control, extending the life and encouraging healthyliving among people. These methods define all the roles played bypublic health officials. They ensure the human environment is safetyfrom diseases and any form of infections resulting from poor hygienicconditions. Public places can be dirty due to many social andeconomic activities. In an economic environment, areas aroundfactories could be hazardous to human when people are dumping litter,chemicals or any other form of effluents in the production processes.In a social environment, for example, schools are areas that can berisky to human health due to dumping of litter or the uncleanenvironment, reduced garbage management as well as unreliablesewerage drainage systems.
Inthis study, the discussion will be concerned with the activities androles of the public health officer or any other person. Thisdiscussion will be based on an article, ”CulturalCompetency: A Systematic Review of Health Care Provider EducationalInterventions”. Also,different a summary of two journals related to this book would beexplained. The book will be connected to the epidemiology, which is abranch of public health.Epidemiologydeals with the occurrences, distribution, and possible control ofdiseases among people in a given population.(Karen et al., 2004)
Fromthe book mentioned, there are many characters with different gendersand educational backgrounds. The book discusses how an individual canmaintain competency on matters such proving health services.Education is considered as the useful method of ensuring culturalcompetency among health works. Cultural competency in public healthis described as the ability to of an individual to work well withothers that are, without discrimination based on racism, and culturaldifferences. Among the characters in the book is Karen A. Robinson, aprofessor of medicine, epidemiology and health policy management.
ProfessorKaren A. Robinson is charged with so many roles and responsibilities,both as an epidemiologist and health policy manager. These duties areconnected to public health issues. For example, as a policy maker, hecontributes to making policies that address public health. Thepolicies may be dealing with issues of hotels, schools or evenslaughter houses. These are critical areas where diseases spread aspeople interact socially and economically. Such professors delegatepolicies that promote a healthy environment. For example, theydevelop programs to guide people on matters of the clean environment.It may be in terms of cleanliness standards so as to ensure peoplemaintain high levels of hygiene in the public places. Public healthofficers in many countries are employed to provide healthy living ismaintained. They are expected to attain cultural competency throughtraining so as to ensure quality and reliable service delivery to allpeople.
Toconnect epidemiology to mentioned book of choice”Cultural Competency: A Systematic Review of Health Care ProviderEducational Interventions”, the importance of cultural competenceamong health workers is highly considered. Publichealth officers in many countries are employed to ensure healthyliving is maintained. They are expected to attain cultural competencythrough training so as to ensure quality and reliable servicedelivery. Epidemiologist can use cultural competence to mingle withpeople freely at work. For example, America is inhabited by peoplewith different ethnic and cultural backgrounds, individuals workingin public health care services need to cooperate and build teamworks, so as to promote healthy relationships between co-workers.This is possible through education on cultural competence. Also, thelevel of service delivery among epidemiologists can improve due toless complaint on race, ethnicity as well as cultural background.
Thereare other articles related to the book in terms of purpose. Thesummary review of other two articles, journals that also relate toepidemiology are Identified this study. The first journal article isentitled, “Component of cultural competence in three mental healthprograms.” The main purpose of the study was to identify componentsof cultural competence in mental health programs developed for groupsby the community and mental health professionals from these groups.The study is concerned with communication between people fromdifferent cultural backgrounds. Also, the acceptability of workersfrom diverse cultures. It encourages to build relations that woulddevelop a culture or cultures. This culture building is done throughpairing the youths and allowing them to share in cultural heritageand services among others, are incorporated to ensure culturalcompetence is enhanced among health workers, especially when handlingpatients.
Boththe article (Component of cultural competence in three mental healthprograms) and the book (Culturalcompetency: A Systematic Review of Health Care Provider EducationalInterventions) explain the importance of understanding differentcultures. They also espouse on using the right perceptions to avoidbiases in service delivery. Also, among epidemiologists, it isimportant to comprehend the cultures of people so as to be competentat work as health workers.
Thesecond article to be summarized is entitled”CulturalCompetence and Quality of Care: Issues for Mental Health ServiceDelivery in Managed Care”. The article’s main purpose is toensure equality among the minority ethnic population. The articleexplains how different models of health service delivery preventaccess to treatment as a result of not considering the needs of theethnic minority. A framework is used to address cultural competenceto enable improvements in the health care of the ethnic minority(Campinha,2003).
Botharticle and the epidemiology, a branch of public health aresignificant in explaining how cultural competence is important. Epidemiologist deals with patients especial when controlling diseasessuch as cholera and swine flu. It means they even handle the ethnicminority in any given population. In such a situation, this articleexplains how epidemiologist should manage patients as they executecontrol measures. Both the book (CulturalCompetency: A Systematic Review of Health Care Provider EducationalInterventions) and this article connect through recognizing thesignificance of cultural competence. The article and the book alsogive a clear explanation of how cultural competence should beadapted. The book provides training for a method while the articleemphasizes on quality-of –care framework.
Culturalcompetence is important when absorbed by other fields not related topublic health. This will provide people with so many opportunities toembrace cultural diversity and appreciate every ethnic group. As aresult cultural competent people are encouraged to promotetogetherness, services improves due to unbiased work practice.Cultural competence is not measurable, any practice is crucial forthe health workers. Public health workers should also ensureprofessionalism when it comes to dealing with people from the diverseethnic background. Education is emphasized in the discussion as themost important activity in providing better cultural competenceenhancement. The method is so expensive because, when implemented, itwould lead to curriculum reviews. Instead of relying only oneducation to disseminate knowledge of cultural competence, there areother methods that can be used. These methods include activities suchas conducting seminars and community outreach programs.
Bevans,K. B., Bradshaw, C. P., & Waasdorp, T. E. (September 01, 2013).Gender bias in the measurement of peer victimization: An applicationof item response theory.AggressiveBehavior, 39, 5,370-380.
Siegel,C., Haugland, G., Reid-Rose, L., & Hopper, K. (January 01, 2011).Components of cultural competence in three mental healthprograms. PsychiatricServices (washington, D.c.), 62, 6,626-31.
Campinha-Bacote,J. (2003). Theprocess of cultural competence in the delivery of healthcareservices: A culturally competent model of care.Cincinnati, Ohio?: Transcultural C.A.R.E. Associates.