Root words and prefixes

ROOT WORDS AND PREFIXES

Rootwords and prefixes

RootWords, Prefixes, Suffixes for Medical Transcription

Fromyour internet search, choose 40 terms (prefixes, suffixes, and rootwords). Type them in the corresponding columns below along withtheir definitions.

Module 10 Set

Root Words

Definition

Used correctly in medical terms

1 biot

Life

Biotic

2orbit

Eye

Orbital cavity

3cardi

heart

Cardiac muscles

4or

mouth

Oral cavity

5 ot

ear

Epiotic

Prefixes

Definition

Used correctly in medical terms

1supra-

Above

Supraorbital

3anti-

Against

Antibiotic, antibody

4a-

Without or lacking something

Abiotic

5bi-

double

Bifocal

6peri-

surrounding

Pericardial cavity

7epi

above

Epiotic

8pre-

before

Prenatal

9uni-

one

Unicellular, unilateral, unilingual

10para-

abnormal

Paralysis

11muco-

Mucus

Mucociliary

12nephr-

kidneys

Nephritis,

13toxi

Toxic or poisonous

Toxin, toxaemia

14af-

Towards, in let or conducting into

Afferent artery

15 nomen-

Name, identity

Nomenclature

Module 11 Set

Root Words

Definition

Used correctly in medical terms

1hemat

blood

Hematology

2ped

foot

Pedicure

3psych

mind

Psychology

4dys

abnormal

Dysfunctional

5thromb

clot

Thrombosis

Suffixes

Definition

Used correctly in medical terms

1. -al

Pertaining to

Orbital, maternal

2-tic

Pertaining to

Asthmatic

3-ology

Study of

Hematology

4-itis

Inflammation

Arthritis

5-ent

Used in making noun or adjectives from verbs

Recipient

6-ma

Used to make nouns from verbs that expresses condition resulting from an action

Trauma

7-oid

Resemblance

Polyploidy

8 -tion

Refers to a condition

Inflammation

9-ous

Expresses what a substance if made of

Serous

10-path

Disease

cardiopathy

11-penia

Lacking something, or deficiency

Leukopenia

12-ist

Someone who has specialized in a particular field

Psychiatrist

13 -poiesis

formation

Erythropoiesis

14 -phoria

Feeling or state

Euphoria

15-lysis

Disruption or destruction

hemolysis

Reference

Miller,N., Tyler, R. J., &amp Backus, J. E. (2004). MedlinePlus®: theNational Library of Medicine® brings quality information to healthconsumers.