SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
SupremeCourt of the United States
TheU.S. Supreme Court has been well established by the Article III,Section 1 of the U.S. constitution. The court has originaljurisdiction as well as appellate jurisdiction (Greenhouse,2012). The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction concerning casesthat involve disputes amid states or disputes amid ambassadors, aswell as high-ranking ministers. The U.S. Supreme Court determineswhich cases to hear and which ones not to hear. So as a case to beaccepted by the Supreme Court, it has to be highly unusual andimportant (for example, abortion case involving Roev. Wade)involve conflict of law involve a disregard of a past Supreme Courtruling. The Supreme Court will also hear cases involving constitutionquestions and controversies between citizens and states.
TheSupreme Court receives a lot of cases involving petition annuallyhowever, in order to decide whether the court will consider taking acase, justices utilize the “Rule of Four”. In case four justicesout of the nine have a feeling that a case has value, they usuallyissue a writ of certiorari. This constitutes a legal order that isfrom the high court to a lower court requiring a lower court to sendrecords of a case to the high court for review (Tomlinset al., 2005).
InLawrencev. Texas,the Supreme Court struck down Texas Sodomy Law and also cancelledsodomy laws in other 13 states. The Court toppled its past ruling onthe same issue, which it had made in 1986 involving Bowersv. Hardwick(Carpenter,2012).The chief reason why the Supreme Court accepted to handle this casewas because it involved an important social aspect. Besides, the casewas accepted by the court because it had made an earlier rulingconcerning the case.
Carpenter,D. (2012). Flagrantconduct: The story of Lawrence v. Texas : how a bedroom arrestdecriminalized gay Americans.New York: W.W. Norton.
Greenhouse,L. (2012). TheU.S. Supreme Court: A very short introduction.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Tomlins,C. L., Houghton Mifflin Company., & American bar foundation.(2005). TheUnited States Supreme Court.Boston: Houghton Mifflin.