Systems Development Life Cycle

SystemsDevelopment Life Cycle


Roleof Nurses in the SDLC Process

The (SDLC) Process involves five steps.Planning is important because it gives direction to the project ingeneral. Analysis involves evaluating requirements and evaluatingalternatives. Design of the new system involves development of thesystem’s operations and architecture (Weir et al, 2007).Implementation of the new system involves putting the new system intopractice through testing, customization and installation. Lastly,post-implementation support involves training and provision ofresources to ensure that the project is approved and accepted by thestaff.

Nursesplay a crucial role in the planning stage because they provideopinions and suggestions through open communication, involvement,discussions and collaboration so that the new system meets theirneeds and those of patients (Glancey et al, 1990). In the secondstage, nurses participate by being involved in decision making inwhich alternatives are analysed. They receive communication andprovide their opinions (Lapointe &amp Rivard, 2005). In the designstage, the nurses provide information about the needs of patients andparticipate in designing the architecture and components of the newsystem because they understand the needs of patients (Patterson,2006). The nurses also participate in implementation of the projectby provided human resources and skills to implement the projectsuccessfully without resistance.

Workingin a small hospital, I experienced the implementation of a newhospital records system technology. All nurses participated in thedevelopment of the new system. It involved planning, designing,implementation and evaluation (Stanhope &amp Lancaster, 2012). Inall these steps, nurses were summoned in meetings before the start ofeach stage so that they can provide their opinions and human support.


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Koppel,R., Wetterneck, T., Telles, J., &amp Karsh, T. (2008). Workaroundsto Barcode Medication Administration Systems: Their Occurrences,Causes, and Threats to Patient Safety. Journalof the American Medical Informatics Association,15, 408-423.

Lapointe,L., &amp Rivard. (2005). A multilevel Model of Resistance toInformation Technology Implementation. ManagementInformation Systems Quarterly,29(3), 461-492.

Patterson,E. (2006). Compliance with Intended Use of Bar Code MedicationAdministration in Acute and Long-Term Care: An Observational Study.HumanFactors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society,48(1), 15-22.

Stanhope,M., &amp Lancaster, J. (2012). Publichealth nursing: Population-centered health care in the community.Maryland Heights, Mo: Elsevier Mosby.

Weir,C., Nebekar, J., &amp Hicken, B. (2007). A Cognitive Task Analysisof Information Management Strategies in a Computerized Provider OrderEntry Environment. Journalof the American Medical Informatics Association,14(1), 65-75.