The Prince by Machiavelli


ThePrince by Machiavelli

ThePrince by Machiavelli


Inthe writing “The Prince,” Machiavelli expresses his qualificationto write the treatise base on the political environment and his ownunderstanding. One of the qualifications that Machiavelli expressesof himself is his varied and long political experience. Machiavelliconsiders himself as a qualified person to engage the audiencebecause of the experience he has gained about political systems forthe time. Secondly, Machiavelli expresses his assiduous study of theancient political systems as a qualification to write the treaties.Machiavelli considers himself learned in terms of understanding howthe ancient political systems operated, especially the autocraticregimes of princes and their reigns.


Inthe treatise, Machiavelli uses the word “extinguished” todescribe the situation in which a political system is brought downand a new one established. According to Machiavelli (1964), a kingdomcan be conquered fully only when the prince of the defeated kingdomis fully conquered. To describe conquest, Machiavelli uses the word“extinguished” to show the full defeat of the prince. Theimplication of using this word is the presentation of the realscenario of the conquest that succeeds in eliminating any futurethreat to the conquered. He uses the word to describe the defeat ofthe ruling family as the last point of victory of the conqueror, anddefeat of the conquered.


Inhis treatise, Machiavelli describes strength, talent and ingenuity asa concept that is composed in the term “virtu.” Machiavelli usesthe concept to describe the necessities of a political system toconquer and extinguish another. At the same time, Machiavelli statesthat luck is not needed without reliance on one’s own ability. Forinstance, Machiavelli describes the success of Alexander by stating“……he would have gained such strength and renown as to be ableto maintain himself without depending on the fortunes or strength ofothers, but solely by his own power and ability” (Machiavelli,1964). This sentence serves to describe both the concept of luck andthe necessity for the concept of strength.


Machiavelli,N. (1964), ThePrince,NewYork:St.Martin`s Press