THE ROLE OF THEORY AND MODELS IN RESEARCH AND EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE

THE ROLE OF THEORY AND MODELS IN RESEARCH AND EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE 4

THEROLE OF THEORY AND MODELS IN RESEARCH AND EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE

Nameof Student

InstitutionAffiliation

THEROLE OF THEORY AND MODELS IN RESEARCH AND EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE

Theorydetermines the meaning of a concept and enhances the understanding ofcomplex situations. It gives clarity of a particular concept andhence contributing to the construction of a body of knowledge in agiven area (Bousso, Poles, &amp Almeida, 2013). The explanatory andpredictive capability of theory is essential to the design ofprograms and evaluation. Theories enhance the appropriateness of anevidence based research (Green, 2000). Without reference totheoretical principles, we risk being submerged by empirical evidencewhich on its own can offer very little guidance to practice.

Thereare various conceptual theories and models that are used in nursingresearch currently. One of such models is the health promotion model(Chinn &amp Kramer, 1991). The theory states that the most favorablehealth surpasses disease inhibition. The article ‘The effectivenessand efficiency of home-based nursing health promotion for olderpeople’ has utilized this particular theory. This article talksabout preventive home visitation programs for older people. Itsuggests that multiplicity of home visiting involvements conceded toby nurses positively affect the health and purposeful status, deathrates and usage of hospitals, nursing homes and expenses. Itindicates that there is an increased emphasis on healthpromotion-strategies (Reid, 2013). This theory has provided structureto this particular article by making it give an understanding ofrelational powers, situational and behavioral influences that supportin forecasting health upholding behavior. I would be interested inexploring through research the area of evidence based healthpromotion practices. Some of the strategies for locating andidentifying a relevant theory for a research study are conceptanalysis and the use of evolutionary methods of concept analysis(Walker &amp Avant, 2004). A hybrid model can also be utilized.

Theorynormally connects with research because it offers the researchframework it guides the hypotheses and questions of the research andalso influences the design of the research. Consequently, researchinfluences the analysis of data and also tests and evaluates anygiven theory. Additionally, the theory is important because itencourages one to find out how the literatures and theories are usedin any given study.

References

  • Bousso, R.S., Poles, K. &amp Almeida, D. (2013). Nursing concepts and theories. Brazil: Universidade de Sao Paulo.

  • Chinn, P.L &amp Kramer, M.K., (1991). Theory and nursing: A systematic approach. St. Louis: Mosby

  • Green, J. (2000). The role of theory in evidence-based health promotion practice. Oxford Journals: Health Education Research, vol.15, issue 2, p.125-129.

  • Reid, M.M., (2013). The effectiveness and efficiency of home-based nursing health promotion for older people. SAGE

  • Walker, L.O &amp Avant, C.A., (2004). Strategies for theory construction in nursing. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall