Unit 2 Discussion Question 1

Unit2 Discussion

Question1

Accordingto Kuhn, the notion of scientific revolution is one where thescientific concepts and ideas that are tested each day are callednormal science. According to Kuhn, every other day, scientists doesonly the work of fitting discoveries into the commonly held theory oftime (Kuhn 5). Such an example is the atomic theory as suggested byJohn Dalton (Dalton 7). Looking at the atomic theory by Dalton, thereare a number of improvements that have occurred and often they renderthe theory baseless making the theory questioned.

Withthe developments around the theory, there are a number of assumptionsthat are made to strengthen the theory. Even still a number ofquestions still arise asking whether the theory is free from bias(Hoyningen-Huene 11). Going through the atomic theory there are anumber of changes that have occurred resulting in the present day,modern atomic theory. According to the theory that was advanced byDalton, all atoms were invisible and indestructible, however, fromthe modern theory, we are aware that indeed atoms can be destroyedthrough nuclear reactions and not chemical reactions (Dalton 21).This represent the changes that occur in the theory and that leads tothe questioning of the theories’ validity.

Question2

Themodern atomic theory is an example of the incremental view ofscientific development. From it, there is the fine-tuned copy of theatomic theory. Through the modern atomic theory, the accurate modelof nature comes out. First, atoms can be destroyed at least throughnuclear reactions and second there are different kinds of atoms thatdiffer by masses (Dalton 47).

Question3

Thescientific developments follow incremental view and not Kuhn’sview. Usually, the scientific concepts are fine-tuned from time totime and they ultimately represent the accurate model of nature (Kuhn19).

Question4

Inmy perception, scientific knowledge can indeed be considered true.The scientific knowledge that people get often have some sort ofbackground that proves the existence hence the truth can be affirmed.The perception of scientific truth around us have much impact on theworld around us. The belief on certain theories definitely affect howwe reason on the areas where they apply. This scientific knowledgecan be said to be dictatorial.

WorksCited

Dalton,John. Anew system of chemical philosophy.Vol. 1. Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Hoyningen-Huene,Paul. Reconstructingscientific revolutions: Thomas S. Kuhn`s philosophy of science.University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Kuhn,Thomas S. Thestructure of scientific revolutions.University of Chicago press, 2012.