Alsoreferred to as the Chicago fair, the World`sColumbian Expositionwas a well organized and successful 400thanniversary of the landfall of Christopher Columbus in the new world(The 1).Organizedin 1893, the World`sColumbian Exposition was a successful in exposing the city to theworld and showcasing Chicago to the global scene. The expositoryprovided the city an opportunity to grow its image and present itsculture to the world. Therefore, the hada greater impact on Chicago and meant a lot to the city in terms ofcommerce, culture, progress and socioeconomic issues. The discussionabout the will illustrate the impact andmeaning of the fair in Chicago and how it mirrored on the city.
Chicagohosted the after a selection by theexposition commission. The commission selected Chicago as the after avalid interest was expressed by the Chicago civic leaders. Accordingto Rydell(1),the leaders laid strong reasons as to why they wanted to host thefair. Among the reasons were to increase the value of the real state,generate an image from a successful event and promote the culture ofthe cities. To prove to the congress that Chicago was strongly readyto host the fair, the business leaders from Chicago offered tofinance the entire fair (Rydell1).The achievement of the fair in Chicago was not just a success, butalso a surprise for the surprising city (PBS1). According to Rydell(1),the financing of the fair was decided by the rich capitalists in thecity of Chicago. Finally, the exposition committee settled on JacksonParkas the location of fair.
Thehosting of the exposition meant a great boost to Chicago, especiallybeing a city that had just recovered from a fire tragedy twenty twoyears prior to the selection (Galvin1).The hosting of the fair meant the exposure of a city that was just 60years old and was trying to make a mark in America (Galvin1).The did not only give Chicago anexposure in America, but the much needed global exposure. The globalexposure by the fair gave Chicago a position on the world scene as afully developed city that can handle international events(Internet Archive1). The success of the showed how thecity was capable of handling global commerce, cultural developmentand tourism of the international level.
Thesuccess of the meant maturity for thecity that was not only young, but also competed with other cities inAmerica. As a new city, Chicago was looking to develop its image andcapacities in commerce, culture development and promotion oftechnological progress (Rydell1).The city was competing with larger cities like New York, which hadwealthier commerce and more developed cultural backgrounds (The 1).The city was a young but the fair gave the right challenge for thepeople in the city to provide the world with a celebration thatsymbolically marked the beginning of the life of a big city. Theanniversary marked the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the newLand, and the anniversary marked the maturity of Chicago as not justan American city but a global city.
Thepreparation of the in Chicago washastened because of the city’s size and youthful nature. Thelocation of the site was hampered by the challenges of propertyright, especially in the central part of the city. According toRydell(1),the location could have brought a problem of traffic, and make itchallenging to access the fair. To ensure the success of thepreparations, the exposition committee appointed George R. Davis asthe director general and Daniel H. Burnham as the director of works(Galvin 1). The preparations focused on the architecture, theinfrastructure and the development of the right grounds. Thepreparations also involved making the right landscape for the fairand the preparation of the access to the grounds(Internet Archive1) Moreover, the preparation ensured that the city had prepared theright cultural shows and commerce presentations to open up the cityto the world.
Chicagoimmensely benefited from the World`sColumbian Exposition since its selection as the host and the futureof the city. One of the main benefits is the heavy investment thatwas put into the preparations of the city for the fair. According toRydell(1),the major buildings were constructed in the anticipation of the fairand hosting by many people. The same thing happened to theinfrastructure of the city that was designed and developed to servethe millions of guests that attended. The development of transportand communication channels in the city was significant during thetime of the . This made strong structuraldevelopments that benefited the city.
Thefair mirrored a number of positive aspects of Chicago to the worldand presented the city as a mature and strong urban center. One ofthe major positive impacts the World`sColumbian Exposition had on Chicago is in commerce. Trade grewbetween the world and Chicago due to the exposure that the fair gaveto the city (Rose1).The preparation of the in Chicago provedthat it was commercially capable as the financing of the preparationswas done by the rich capitalists who sponsored the event (Rydell1).In addition, the people who visited the city interacted with thecity’s commercial players, which promoted trade. As a result, tradein the city grew during the time of the fair and long after the fairwas done.
Thesecond major positive aspect that the mirrored on the city of Chicago was culture and cultural development.According tothe Internet Archive(1) the cultural and entertainment significance of the World`sColumbian Exposition reflected in literature, stories, songs andstories. The city was given the global platform to present itscultural diversities to the millions of the audience and guests thatvisited the city. According to Rose(1),writing of novels, music and education grew because of the influenceof the fair. At the same time, art, color and entertainment developedfurther because of the fair (Rose1).The impact of the cultural aspects that developed during the World`sColumbian Exposition influenced the cultural image of Chicago andcontinued to shape the city’s culture up to date.
The was prepared and hosted by Chicago asthe anniversary of Christopher Columbus but its significance was morethan just a historical anniversary. The fair exposed Chicago as agrown up city despite competing for social and economic platformswith large established cities in America. The World`s ColumbianExposition mirrored positive aspects of commerce and culturaldevelopments of the city, among other positive impacts in Chicago.Moreover, the social, economic and cultural significance of the made the city stronger and opened thecity to the world.
Galvin,Paul. World`sColumbian Exposition of 1893.Web, Accessed, June 26, 2015, <http://columbus.iit.edu/about.html>
InternetArchive, World`sColumbian Exposition of 1893: A Vision of its future, A Reflection ofits Present. Web,Accessed, June 26, 2015,<http://web.archive.org/web/20121209023302/http://mason.gmu.edu/~ssaltzgi/Worlds_Fair/world_fair_essay.htm#Layout_up>
Rose,Julie. TheLegacy of the Fair.Web, Accessed, June 26, 2015,<http://encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/1386.html>
Rydell,Robert, World`sColumbian Exposition.Web,Accessed, June 26, 2015,<http://encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/1386.html>
The, ChicagoHistorical Society, Web, Accessed, June 26, 2015,<http://ecuip.lib.uchicago.edu/diglib/social/worldsfair_1893/interactives/worldsfair_map.html
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