A Population of Study

A POPULATION OF STUDY 5

APopulation of Study

APopulation of Study

Thepopulation under study is the neighboring community of an industrialwaste recycling plant in Monterrey, Mexico. The people living aroundthis factory are exposed to the zinc and other dusty metals that haveadverse effects on the health of individuals. Monterey is one of themost populous cities in Mexico. For that reason, there are highchances that a huge proportion of the city’s population fallsvictim the dusty pollutants produced by the industrial waste factory.There have been concerns from the local and national governmentsabout the potential destruction that the metal pollutants from thefactory to the communities living around it.

Therationale of selecting the population

Millionsof people die of diseases caused by exposure to factory pollutants(Kampa&ampCastanas, 2008). Although factory managements deny thisfact, crucial information about the effects of pollutants fromfactories have not been in the public domain. Many factories denyclaims of microclimates that are harmful to the environment and thehealth hazards that arise from emitting harmful metals and waste inthe immediate environment of factories. Thus, the study of thisMexican population in the populous city of Monterey is one way ofdemonstrating and proving to readers and the academia that thepotentialities of these hazards to millions of people in the world.There are many such factories but Monterey serves as an example thatought to trigger radical regulatory action to protect populationsfrom the hazardous effects of irresponsible business. Furthermore,the challenge of quantifying pollution health effects hasbeen thestumbling towards more regulatory policies that aim to protectpopulations from health hazards. On the global scale, over 2.4million people die as a result of complications resulting from airpollution alone. The statistics are definitely higher than thisbecause there are inaccurate statistics about other pollutants. Thisstudy specifically intends to highlight the effects of theenvironmental pollution caused by the Mexican company in question.

Theexclusion criteria

Thestudy focused on determining the health effects of metal dustpollutants to the populations living near the factory. The exclusioncriteria were a selection of individuals from all age groups andgender to go through a laboratory diagnosis to determine the extentwhich they have been affected by the being exposed to metalpollutants. There was evidence of people who had launched officialcomplaints to public health officers about over the same but they didso after advice from people without a professional background inpublic health issues. To avoid any case of generalizations, thediagnosis of the sampled members of the communities living around thefactory served as the exclusion criteria.As control measure the samediagnosis was conducted on the populations that live far away fromthe factory. The consistency of the diagnosis results from the boththe populations living in proximity with the factory and those livingfar from the factory essentially exclude individuals that are notpart of the data and specimens of the study.

Attributesof the population

    • It is has the highest prevalence of circulatory diseases in the country

    • Young people between 18 and 35 years constitute over fifty percent of the population

    • In the past ten years, the population recorded a high increase in cases of cancer

Riskfactors and environmental hazards associated with the population

Thefactory produces toxic substances that members of the community arelikely to come in contact with when they are stirred up by winds andrainfall. The toxic substances remain in the air inside houses for along time further extending the exposure of individual persons.

Reference

Kampa,M., &ampCastanas, E. (2008). Human health effects of air pollution.Environmentalpollution,151(2), 362-367.