Acute Care Hospital Analysis

ACUTE CARE HOSPITAL ANALYSIS 7

AcuteCare Hospital Analysis

Acutecare hospital focuses on providing short term medical treatment topatients that have acute illness or injury, or patients that arerecovering from injury. Acute care hospital is thus critical inpreventing death and disability among patients. In most cases,primary care is not well positioned and is unable to assume this rolecarried out by acute care hospital (World Health Organization, 2013).Within health systems, acute care serves as an entry point to healthcare for people having emergent and urgent conditions. The aim ofthis paper is to discuss how different factors would affect acutecare hospital in the long-term. These factors will includesocioeconomic factors, legislative factors, policy factors,organizational factors, service delivery factors, technologicalfactors, and current economic factors.

SocioeconomicFactors

Demographicsof the Patient Base

Populationis not always constant and within a period of five to ten years, thepopulation would comprise of an aging population. The agingpopulation is usually in dire need of acute care since the populationis more pronounced to emergencies emanating from a high probabilityof being attacked by life-threatening diseases such as stroke andcardiac arrest among other diseases. Such diseases require acute carein order to save patients from death. Therefore, patient base islikely to increase due to the aging population, which would make anacute care hospital remain active and relevant in the long-term.

EmployeeBase

Inoffering services to patients that are of different ethnicity, acutecare hospital would require an ethnically diverse employee base.Therefore, an acute care hospital would hire ethnically diverseemployee in the long-term. Thus, the employee base would constituteemployees from different ethnic backgrounds. This would help an acutecare hospital in providing services more efficiently to a diversepopulation.

PhysicianBase

Inorder to offer enhanced services, an acute care hospital would berequired to have physicians that have knowledge in different areas.Besides, the physicians must be sufficient in order to attend topatients’ sensitive needs. This implies that, in the long-term, anacute care hospital would have sufficient physicians that can attendto varied needs of patients. This would enhance the manner in whichan acute care hospital delivers its services.

LegislativeFactors

Thereare different legislative reforms and agendas that an acute carehospital can follow in order to reduce costs of acute care. Forexample, the Affordable Care Act and Protecting Access to MedicareAct of 2014 can be adopted by an acute care hospital in mitigatingthe cost of providing care. Other legislatures and reforms that anacute care hospital can employ include implementing an automatedprior authorization program, adding a therapeutic consultationprogram, and reviewing and updating of provider payment methods.Besides, in the long term, other legislative reforms may emerge thatwould further reduce the cost of accessing acute care services. Inthe long-term, adopting these legislative reforms and agendas wouldhave an impact of making patients access acute care services ataffordable rates. This would be of benefit since patients that do nothave the ability of accessing acute care services would be in aposition to.

PolicyFactors

Someregulations and policies that are external to an acute care hospitalthrough government agencies and the Joint Council on theAccreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) may be critical inthe functioning of an acute care hospital. In the long-term, an acutecare hospital should consider adopting these regulations andpolicies, despite them being external to an organization. Forinstance, an acute care hospital can consider adopting the policy ofJCAHO certification and accreditation. Following such policies andregulations in the long term will have tremendous impacts on anorganization. Adopting such policies and regulations in the long termwould make patients have more confidence with an acute care hospitalin the provision of acute care. For instance, through accreditation,an acute care hospital would be able to win the confidence ofpatients in seeking services in the hospital.

OrganizationalFactors

OverallOrganizational Structure

Inthe long-term, the overall organizational structure of an acute carehospital would change. The structure of an acute care hospital wouldchange in order to incorporate the structure of a long-term acutecare provider. From 2007 to December 2012, acute care hospitals didnot have an option of adding a long-term acute care hospital to itscampuses because of a federal moratorium that limited theestablishment of new long-term acute care hospitals. However, thisoption is now available (Punke,2013).An acute care hospital can opt to change to a long-term acute carehospital in the long term, a move that would change its entirestructure. This would have the effect of enhancing the provision ofacute care services.

Recruitingand Retaining Talent

Recruitingand retaining the best talent is a significant aspect to anyorganization. In the long term, it would be critical for an acutecare hospital to ensure that it recruits and retains the best talent.This would have the effect of making an acute care hospital increaseits efficiency in offering care. An acute care hospital should alsoconsider competency building and staff development in the long-term.This would be critical in enhancing the morale of employees, as wellas increasing working efficiencies.

ServiceDelivery Factors

Themanner in which acute care hospitals are providing care is changingbecause of medicine practices, advancements in pharmacology, andtechnology. In the long-term, it is likely that the service deliveryof acute care hospitals would be exceedingly transformed for thebetter. The transformation of service delivery will help an acutecare hospital in enhancing its services and maintain quality of itsservices (Buntinet al., 2011).Besides, in the long-term, an acute care hospital should focus onoffering cost effective care this would have an effect of making anacute care hospital have an increased number of patients.

TechnologyFactors

Technologyis a vital aspect that needs to go hand in hand with the provision ofhealth care. In the long-term, it is important for an acute carehospital to consider development of medical equipment. This wouldhave an effect of improving the manner in which an acute carehospital provides services (Hensheret al., 1999).Besides, in the long-term, an acute care hospital should consideradvancing research in healthcare and implementing its informationtechnology systems. This will have an effect of saving time inoffering of services (Buntinet al., 2011).

CurrentEconomic Factors

Thelocal and national economies are critical in determining how anorganization plans its budget. In case the economic situation is notfavorable in the long-term, it would be difficult for an acute carehospital to attain financial stability and may forego some planningdue to limited resources. However, in case the economic situation isfavorable in the long-term, it is likely that an acute care hospitalwould have an easy time planning its operations and may havefinancial stability. This would affect the way it carries out itsfunctions.

References

Buntin,MB., Burke, MF., Hoaglin, MC., Blumenthal, D. (2011): The benefits ofhealth information technology: a review of the recent literatureshows predominantly positive results. HealthAff (Millwood),30:464-471.

Hensher,M., Fulop, N., Coast, J., &amp Jefferys, E. (1999). Better out thanin? Alternatives to acute hospital care. BMJ:British Medical Journal,319(7217),1127–1130.

Punke,H. (2013). 9 Considerations for Developing a Long-Term Acute CareHospital. Community Hospital Corp, Becker’sHospital Review.

WorldHealth Organization (WHO) (2013). Bulletinof the World Health Organization, Health systems and services: therole of acute care.Vol. 91 (5), 313-388.