Arts in human life
According to Dissanayake,the word art means different things to different people (Dissanayake,2008). She says that it may refer to skills, such as finenessin execution of something, artifice, beauty and pleaser, the sensualquality of things, amongst many others. Therefore, it can be arguedthat art is concerned with a number of things, which are dependent onthe description of the bearer. However, there is no singlecharacteristic that seems to be universal in all these things,because the fundamental characteristics of art in each definition canbe included in the rest without invoking the concept of art at all.Therefore, in order to describe something as artistic, it has to bearcertain significance in terms of artistic perception, play andsignificance, amongst a number of other features. As such,Dissanayake argues thatthere has to be species-centered view to consider art as a verb.Ranging from song, drawing, acting, music to dance, humans havedefined art in a number of ways over the years. As such, art can bedescribed as an inexhaustible and omnipresent constant in humansociety.
Q-2 – in this sentence, the author is trying to explain theway that humans perceive art, and how they attempt to explain it. Assuch, she gives a grammatical explanation of the word, art, as averbal noun, one which lacks a verb –artify. The essence of thissentence is to orient the reader to a new perception about art, onewhich can have a number of definitions. While many people fromdifferent parts of the world identity with a certain form of art, orspecialize in a certain form, there is a single characteristic thatseems to unify all their perceptions. This characteristic is that artis a development that makes meaning out of basic elements andobjects. For instance, as she explains later, one can take words,arrange them to rhyme, and make a song out of it. At the same time,another artist may take a piece of wood, and out of it, make amagnificent carving. Therefore, the sentence means that thespecies-centered view of art goes beyond the grammatical definitionof art, and is more practical than theoretical.
Under this subheading, the author focuses on explaining the origin ofart as perceived by humanity. He uses the concept of activeengagement and real-life motivated actions to explain the nature ofart. As such, the author explains how 9/11, a catastrophic event,brought out the art in people as they came together to express theirfeelings. The author takes a historic approach to explain the originof art, by explaining how previous civilizations developed artisticskills as they coped with modernity and its demands.
The concept behind this sub-topic is the immeasurable nature of art.The author explains the idea that art has o humanistic boundaries,and that people are literally surrounded by its products. Fromlanguage to everyday living, people use art to express themselves,make the surroundings better for their living and also pleasure. Theauthor implies that idealistically, art exists even in places orevents where there seems to be none. At the same time, civilizationshave come to realize after long periods that what defines them ordifferentiates them is actually there forms of art, such as song anddance.
Dissanayake, E. Theuniversality of the arts in human life. (2008).In Cherbo, J. M., Stewart, R. A., & Wyszomirski, M. J.(Ed.),Understandingthe arts and creative sector in the United States.New Brunswick, N.J: Rutgers University Press.