September11 attack is arguably one of the most important historical events inthe modern history in the United States. The attack involvedcoordinated terrorism acts by al-Qaeda, an Islamic terrorist group onthe United States. The attack took place on the morning of eleventhSeptember 2001 where suicide attackers hijacked four passengers’aircrafts and crushed the planes into the pentagon and the worldtrade center. The attack had a huge direct and direct impact onAmerica and the world (Atkins, 2011). Although the impacts of theattack are mainly negative, due to the number of people who dies,trauma and the economic loss, there are some positive impacts, mainlydue to the reaction of the United States and its allies in preventinganother similar attack in the future. This paper looks at thepositive and negative impacts that are associated with the September11 attack.
Themost significant impacts of the September 11 attack are obviously thenegative impacts. The high number of casualties was the mostimportant and immediate impact of the terrorism attack which resultedinto a series of social and economic impacts. Statistics indicatesthat almost three thousand people died on the day of attack. Manymore suffered severe injuries and long term suffering which has had along term impact on their health. In addition to the physicalinjuries, it has been argue that the debris of the Twin Towerscontained over two thousand five hundred dangerous contaminant, someof which are carcinogenic. These contaminants exposed both thesurvivors and the rescue workers to a wide ranger of healthcomplications. There are several deaths that have been linked toexposure to dusts from the blast. Terrorism attacks are alsodisturbing and traumatizing especially among young children (Atkins,2011).
Anotherimportant direct impact of the attack was the impact on the economy.The losses resulting from attack cost the United States economytrillions of dollars. In addition to the direct losses due todestruction of assets, the attack affected the United States andglobal stock markets and the economic systems. For example, for atleast a week, some of the major stock exchanges such as the New YorkStock Exchange were not operational. It is estimated that the stockmarkets in the United States lost about one and half trillion dollarsas a result of the attack. Insurance claims associated with theattack were also huge, which had a huge impact on the insuranceindustry. The economy lost almost half a million jobs as a result ofthe attack. As a result of direct and indirect impacts of the attack,the United States economy suffered significantly (Atkins, 2011).
Althoughthe immediate impacts are very important, the changes that resultedfrom the reaction of the United States and the world have morehistorical significance. As a result of the attack, the united statedlaunched a war against terrorism in different parts of the world.This resulted into a decade of war. President Bush administrationsent American troops to the Middle East, especially Afghanistan andIran with an aim of dismantling terrorism insurgents such as al-Quedaand Taliban. The invasion was aimed at weakening terrorism groups byremoving autocratic governments that supported terrorism activities.Although the war was as a result of genuine concern, a threat to theUnited States and global security, the war on terrorism has had farreaching impacts on the United States. The United States is deeplyentangled in the instability in Middle East as a result of war onterrorism. Although the troops were able to significantly weakenal-Qaeda networks, the region and the world is faced with increasedthreat of ISIS, an Islamic extremist group. Additionally, as a resultof war on terrorism, defense budget in the United States hasincreased by almost three folds since early 2000s (Roach, 2011).
Althoughit was an unfortunate event in history, there are some positiveimpacts. As a result of the attack, airports and air travel in theUnited States and the world is relatively safer. As a result of theSeptember 11 attack, security in airports and major installations allover the world has improved. The attack initiation new inventions andoverhauls of security systems. The new security procedures andscreening significantly reduces the risks associated with airtransport. Although there have been concerns, especially infringementof privacy rights, profiling of people from middle east and increasein the average travel time, the additional security is beneficial.Additionally, as a result of the attack, there are evidence that thegovernment is more kin on security and surveillance. The attack alsohad a positive impact on emergency coordination. The attack exposedthe weaknesses in agencies dealing with emergency resulting intobetter equipment and training in dealing with large scalecatastrophes (Roach, 2011).
Inconclusion, the September 11 attack remains one of the most importanthistoric events in the modern America. The terrorism act opened a newchapter in domestic and global security. As a result, there are manyimmediate impacts as well as indirect and long term impacts on theUnited States.
Atkins,S. E. (2011). The9/11 Encyclopedia.ABC-CLIO.
Roach,K. (2011). The9/11 Effect: Comparative Counter-Terrorism,New York, Cambridge University Press.