What is the name of your site and where did this name come from? Note that some landscape sites do not have a formal name, however there may be an informal name, that is a name that local people refer to it. You may also discuss any name changes over time and the reasons for these name changes.
Thename the site is Chengdu. Chengdu is one of the largest cities inwestern china and the provincial capital of Sichuan province inchina. The city and its original name can be traced back to more than2000 years when the city was established. The name of the cityoriginates from the Chengdu plains, on which it is located, Chengduplains is a fertile expansive plain that has been used foragricultural farming since the early Chinese civilization. Thus, theplains were commonly referred to as the “country of heaven” or“land of abundance”. However, for several reasons, Chengdu hashad several names, which are not official but very popular in theChinese society. For example, in the first century, the king orderhibiscus to be planted in the city. Since then, hibiscus has been themost common flower in the city of Chengdu. As a result the city iscommonly referred to the city of hibiscus. Chengdu was established asa result of the advanced agricultural activities supported by thefertile plains. As a result, in the first century, brocade from theregion was very popular among the Chinese, especially the royal classas well as the international market. As a result, the city wasreferred to as “Jin Guan Cheng” meaning the Brocade city. Anothercommon unofficial name is title city (Faurot, 1992).
When was your site settled/discovered? You may describe the circumstances regarding its discovery, including where did the occupants come from and why did they migrate.
Archeologicalevidence suggests that the Chengdu region in china has been inhibitedfor more than 4000 years. The region was a unique center for Chineseancient civilization. It is considered the most important center forancient cultures such as the Shu culture. It is therefore difficultto estimate when the site was discovered or the first settlement.However, the fertile land and the high productivity of the site mayhave influenced human settlement in the region (Faurot, 1992).
What is the settlement history of your site? Include in your discussion what groups have existed or utilized your landscape, when they used it, and how they used it.
Chengduregion has the earliest settlement in western china and asia ingeneral. There is evidence of human settlement dating back more thanfour thousand years ago. This is approximately the time when the Shuethnic community established settlements in Sichuan province. Theking of the Shu society is believed to have established Chengdu wasthe capital of kingdom, although it was initially located in a smallsettlement located near the modern Chengdu city. As a result, Chengduevolved into an important administrative and cultural center in bothancient and modern society (Faurot, 1992).
Discuss any philosophical, religious, or political ideological beliefs/values of those that settled/discovered your landscape. Specifically address how these beliefs/values affected how the landscape was used, manipulated and maintained. You may develop this answer based on a single group or include a comparison between groups.
Chengduis the birth place of the ancient Shu society in western china. As aresult, the cultural, religious and political philosophies andideologies had an important impacts had an important impacts on thedevelopment of the city. The Shu society had a unique civilizationwhich was significantly different from other cultures in Asia andother parts of the world. As a result, recent excavation, especiallyduring constructions has resulted into large quantities of culturalrelics and objects. The Shu culture was one of the most advancedbronze cultures in the ancient Chinese civilization. One of the mostimportant aspects of the Shu culture that has had an impact on theChengdu city and the Chinese society in general has been theteahouses. The teahouses are very common in Chengdu and can be tracedback to the Qing Dynasty in the ancient Shu society. They were themost common houses in the Chengdu streets in the ancient city. Theteahouses in the modern Chengdu city are important facets of the citytraditions (Faurot, 1992, Wang, 2003). Other important aspects of theancient civilizations evident in Chengdu include wide and narrowlanes in the city.
Describe the general attitude concerning environmental protection and conservation in the area. How had this influenced the development and growth of the area?
Chengduis one of the largest and fastest growing urban centers in China. Asa result, major environmental concerns that face major cities inother parts of the world are evident in the city. The city is home toover 14 million people. Therefore, increased population pressure onthe environment is one of the most important environmentalchallenges. This ranges from increased demand for human settlement,waste management, energy demands, as well as city transport. Thegeneral attitude on environment in the city has been increasingconcerns among developers and city resident on the importance ofenvironment management in economic development. Majority ofenvironmental problems in the modern cities result from focusing moreon economic development while ignoring environmental and socialconcerns. For example, the city officers and planners have aimed atencouraging the growth of rural settlements in the regionssurrounding the city to encourage urban rural migration to reduce thepopulation pressure on the resources in the city (Chengdu MunicipalGovernment, 2015).
How are the local cultural characteristics displayed or articulated in your landscape? For some landscapes you may need to make interpretations, for example for a landscape site that is a golf course, the use of the course is indicative of a culture that values recreation, or the existence of a large parking lot is indicative of a culture that independent and automobile dependent.
Themost important cultural characteristic of Chengdu is the fact that itis an ancient city. Being one of the oldest cities in the history ofhuman societies, facets of the ancient civilization play a criticalrole in the city. A good example is the ancient irrigation systemknown as Dujiangyan irrigation system is considered the world oldestirrigation system dating back over 2000 years and covering 58kilometers. Other aspects of the ancient civilization that have beenpreserved in the landscape include the Wuhou shrine which wasconstructed in the 1stcentury and Du Fu thatched cottage (Stapleton, 2010).
What transportation, agricultural or urban technologies where used/developed by those that occupied your landscape site? How do these technologies relate to the cultural background of the occupants?
Afast growing modern city with a huge population is always animportant challenge to city planners. However, advanced urbantechnologies, mainly architectural and transport technologies havehad an important influence on Chengdu. Being a cultural city andadministrative city, Chengdu will continue to grow. To sustain thisgrowth, Chengdu is served by advanced modern transport systems suchas air and railway transport. The Chengdu Shuangliu InternationalAirport is the one of the busiest airport in the world. It is ratedamong the top five biggest airports in china with the capacity tohandle the largest commercial aircrafts in the world. Chengdu alsohas a modern railway transport system that eases that ease themovement of people and goods.The Chengdu North Marshalling stationis the biggest station in Asia and one of the largest in the world.Other major passage stations are under construction. Chengdu haswell developed road transport networks mainly because it is thestarting point for major national expressways and highways.Traditionally, Jin River was used as a major transport channel, butdue to reduced water depth, it is no longer a major means oftransport (Chengdu Municipal Government, 2015).
What is (are) the architectural style (s) of your landscape site? This may include landscape architectural or landscape design styles. How did the culture of the occupants influence the style?
Modernarchitectural developed have had a huge impact in Chengdu landscape.However, the modern architecture in Chengdu is largely influenced bythe ancient civilization that has lived in the area for thousands ofyears. Modern architectures have made attempts to incorporate thehistorical and cultural aspects of the city structures. This hasresulted into unprecedented developments in the city. The citystructures, building and architectural designs remains one of themost important memory storage of the city. However, modern ideas anddevelopment are more dominant in the modern architectural designs.There is not doubt that Chengdu is a modern city with sophisticatedmega architectural structures. For example, Chengdu is home to thelargest man made structure in the world, the New Century GlobalCenter (Chengdu Municipal Government, 2015).
Describe the community structure of your landscape site or near your landscape site. Is it a small close-knit community, or a large city, or a dispersed/sprawling suburb?
Chengducommunity is largely an urban community. Chengdu is one of the mostpopulous city in china and the world with over 14 millioninhabitants. The population is diverse and lives in both urban andsuburb settlements in the rural areas surrounding the city. Thehighly populated are in Chengdu covers a region of over 12 thousandsquare kilometers. The urban society has mainly adopted modernliving where social, cultural and ethnic characteristics are becomingless relevant. Additionally, there is a rapidly growing foreignpopulation in Chengdu which has increased the cultural and socialdiversity in the region. Chengdu is a major manufacturing center inwestern china. Majority of the industries in the city are laborintensive and employ huge number of semiskilled and unskilledworkers. This group constitutes one of the largest segments ofChengdu community (Chengdu Municipal Government, 2015).
Write a conclusion paragraph for this project. You may include a summary of what you have learned, what you anticipate about the future, what else you would like to learn, or what makes the landscape important, unique or valuable.
Chinais the fastest growing economy in the modern world. Being a majorcity in a fast growing economy, there are numerous aspects of Chengdulandscape that attract some attention. Human settlement in Chengducan be traced back to the early civilization in china, fourmillenniums ago. Throughout history, Chengdu has played an importantsocial cultural and political function in western china. This has hada huge influence on the rapid development of the city landscape inthe recent past. Although modern aspects of the city planning andcommunity are more dominant in Chengdu, the influence of ancientcivilization, mainly the cultures of communities that have lived inthe region have some influence on the city.
ChengduMunicipal Government (2015). Chengdu,http://www.chengdu.gov.cn/echengdu/index/indexnew.jsp
Faurot,J. (1992). AncientChengdu, San Francisco: Chinese Materials Center Publications.
Stapleton,K, (2010). CivilizingChengdu: Chinese urban reform, 1895-1937,Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Asia Center.
Wang,D. (2003). Streetculture in Chengdu : public space, urban commoners, and localpolitics, 1870- 1930,Stanford, Calif. : Stanford Univ. Press.