Federal Bureaucracy






FederalBureaucracy is made of government organizations, which are normallyrun by selected official on basis of experience, proficiency andqualifications to effectively implement public policy (Matthewand Francis, 1987).The four components that make the are: &nbspCabinetDepartments,IndependentAgencies,Regulatory Commissions/AgenciesandGovernment Corporations. The employees within these organizations arespecialized in a Hierarchical order. The organizations’ activitiesare run free from political accountability but are still affected bythe Congressional budget oversight (Troolin, 2015). The mainfunctions of Bureaucracy are: protecting the environment, collectionof revenue and regulation of the economy. For instance, the Americanbureaucracies implement a budget that they believe is adequate tomeet all the annual plans within a year.


Theseare the 15 federal departments whose function is to render a varietyof services to the federal government. Three of these departmentsare: The Treasury, Defence and Agriculture.

  1. The Treasury

TheTreasury agency works hand in hand with other federal agencies,foreign governments and international monetary organizations toensure economic growth enhance people’s living standards (Matthewand Francis, 1987).This is the department which is also responsible for forecastingeconomic patterns in order prevent financial crises which greatlyimpact on a nation’s economy. The Treasury Department in additionexecutes more important functions such as improvement of nationalsecurity by authorizing sanctions to safeguard the U.S. from foreignthreats. The Treasury is also in charge of making out the monetarysupport systems which pose threat to the nation’s security andsafeguarding the nation’s monetary systems (Altay, 2013).

  1. The Defence

Thedefence is a federal department which is mainly responsible formanaging and overseeing all the other agencies charged with matterspertaining to national security and the armed forces (Matthewand Francis, 1987).Currently, the department is the largest employer in the world sincethe U.S government mainly focuses on utilizing technology and humanresources to ensure national security not only to its citizens butalso for other nations. The head of the defence department is asecretary, who directly informs the President of the United Statesabout the issues pertaining to national security.

  1. Agriculture Department

Thisis a federal department which is tasked with the responsibility offormulating and implementing government strategies to enhancefarming, agricultural activities, and forestry in order to ensurefood security for the nation. The department works to satisfy theneeds of the farmers and ranchers. Protection of natural ecosystemsand improvement of agricultural trade are also some of the coreduties of this department.


Independentagencies are the agencies which do not function under any cabinetdepartments, headed by a secretary who directly reports to the U.SPresident (Troolin,2015). Some of the independent agencies in the United States ofAmerica include:

  1. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

TheCIA is an independent agency of the US Government which is chargedwith the responsibility of offering national security intelligence toindividuals or corporations charged with the duty of policy making.This agency ensures that sound and effective nations securitypolicies are made and executed to enhance national security.

  1. Consumer Product Safety Commission

Theresponsibility of this agency is to safeguard Americans from risksoriginating from the consumption of consumer products. The commissionensure that all consumer products meet the standards required to makethem fit to be consumed by people

  1. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

EPAis the agency which oversees the nation’s environmental science,studies, education and the appraisal strategies in place. The mainobjective o EPA is to put a stop to environmental degradation,preserve the natural ecosystems and safeguard the human healththrough environmental research and education.


Aregulator agency is created to put in force the principles and safetyor to supervise the utilization of public goods and controlbusinesses(Altay, 2013).Some of these agencies include:

  1. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

Thisagency is charged with the duty of controlling and enhancing airtransportation safety, inclusive of airports and giving out licencesto qualified pilots.

  1. Federal Reserve System (FED)

FEDis responsible for controlling the banking industry and managingmoney supply to avoid financial crises.

  1. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)

Thecommission is responsible for licensing and controlling nuclearfacilities which are run by the military.


Acorporation owned by the federal government is an agency set up bythe congress to carry out a public function, which offers amarket-oriented product or service and is intended to generate incomethat is able to meet its expenses (Troolin, 2015). Some examplesinclude:

  1. Amtrak

Thisis a federal corporation in the US funded by the public, and offersrailroad services with a focus of profit making.

  1. Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC)

Itis entirely owned by the federal government, although it falls underthe department of Agriculture. The main task of the organization isoffering crop cover security to farmers as well as other agriculturalbodies.

  1. Legal Services Corporation (LSC)

Thecorporation was instituted the United States Congress although fundedby the public. Its main duty is ensuring equality in accessingjustice especially by the poor communities.

ReferencesAltay,A. (2013). TheEfficiency of Bureaucracy on the Public Sector.&nbspAvailableat http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&amprct=j&ampq=&ampesrc=s&ampsource=web&ampcd=1&ampcad=rja&ampuact=8&ampved=0CB4QFjAA&ampurl=http%3A%2F%2Fiibf.deu.edu.tr%2Fdeuj%2Findex.php%2Fcilt1-sayi1%2Farticle%2Fdownload%2F64%2Fpdf_50&ampei=n1qdVcrpDcTP7ga8nbvwBQ&ampusg=AFQjCNFiGvpbU5SgqZwZx1vKBQmS6c-9FA&ampsig2=bl1DZNJH9jPx1-VxfQQtZA&ampbvm=bv.96952980,d.ZGUMatthewA. C. &amp Francis E. R. (1987).American Bureaucracy Since World War II,” in Louis Galambos, ed.,The New American State.Baltimore:Johns Hopkins University Press.TroolinA. (2015). WhatIs the Bureaucracy? – Role, Structure &amp Characteristics.Available at:http://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-the-bureaucracy-role-structure-characteristics.html