Introduction to Chengdu

CHENGDU SICHUAN SITE 10

ProjectSite Chengdu, China

GeographicRegion: East Central

TheDiscussion

1.Settlements/communities are often located at a particular sitebecause of the site`s industrial and/or resource potential. Forexample, many towns in the Appalachians were established where coaldeposits existed and thus, the coal industry thrived. Were there anypreexisting economic resources or advantages about your area thatcaused people to settle there?

Chengduhas some of the preexisting economic resources that influenced peopleto settle in the city. One of the resources is arable land thatencourages farming and the practice of agriculture. Chengdu hasfertile land for gardens around the city, which makes the landscapeappealing to view. From the site, the city can be viewed to havebeautiful and green scenery that shows the fertility of the soils.The Chengdu region has forty rivers which are connected into two TheMin and Tuo Rivers as the branches of the Yangtze River, whichare good sources of water supply to both the city and the outskirts(TravelChina, n.d).In addition, Chengdu has the preexisting economic advantage of havingmountain ranges and water near the city. The region has large plainsthat are well supplied with water, especially from the Chaoyang Lake.Moreover, Chengdu is habitat to large panda, which makes the town atourist attraction point (TravelChina, n.d).

2.In the past, what were the major economic activities of your site?Include a discussion of what resources were needed for theseindustries and also describe what physical characteristics of yoursite made it an appropriate place for these activities

Oneof the major economic activities in the past was farming, both atsubsistence and commercial level. The main resources that made itpossible for the region to engage in farming were the vast fertilelands and the availability of rains. The region had a good supply ofwater for irrigation. For instance, as early as 256 BC, the regionhad established the DujiangyanIrrigation Project,which ensured that farming was continued throughout the year(TravelChina, n.d).The city was also a trade center because it was at a center forexchanging goods and services due to the high supply of agriculturalproducts it had.

3.Currently, what are the major economic activities of your site?Include a discussion of what resources are needed for theseindustries and also describe what physical characteristics of yoursite make it an appropriate place for these activities. For thisquestion, you should consider the infrastructure (roads, sewers,utilities) as a physical characteristic of the site.

Oneof the current economic activities is farming. Just like in the olddays, the region has great rivers, irrigation, water supply andfertile land for farming. Secondly, the region has a thrivingelectronic and IT industries that produce technological products forlocal use and export to other countries. The region is able toproduce the technological products because of the availability oftechnological expertise. Trade is another important economic activityfor the region. The region is involved in both local and foreigntrade as the products produced by agriculture and industry are tradedlocally and internationally. To facilitate these economic activities,Chengdu has proper infrastructure of good roads, and propercommunication channels. Tourism is also an activity that Chengdu isknown for because of the panda in the region (TravelChina, n.d).The region also has properly constructed air and rail transportterminus along with the functional water transport.

4.How does your site`s economic activity influence the development nearyour site (e.g. establishment of towns and advancement of thecommunity)? For this question, you should examine how site activitieshave influences beyond the site boundary.

Theeconomic activities in Chengdu have influenced the development of theregion in terms of economic growth and social cohesion. Farming hasled to healthier population who are productive in other economicactivities that grow the region. The development of technologicalindustries has opened more opportunities for the people to developbusinesses that have grown in local and international scene. Tradehas opened the city to the international markets, which promoteshigher production of the region because the outputs have enoughmarkets. The economic developments have also increased the incomepotential for the people in the Chengdu region, which has improvedtheir social status in the large Chinese social set up.

5.Describe your landscape site`s contribution to the regional economydoes it provide a unique economic contribution or the same as thesurrounding area?

Thecontribution of the Chengdu to the regional economy is immense andsignificant to the Chinese economy. The developments of the keyeconomic activities of agriculture, industry and trade have openedthe regional economy to national and international benefits. Thedevelopment of agriculture and in the economy of Chengdu has impactedheavily on the economic output of the region and the production ofgoods and services in the region. The site has contributed to thesecurity of the region because of the establishment of the Chengdumilitary headquarters. This is in addition to other contributions tothe regional growth the Chengdu to the regional development.

6.Identify any trends in economic activity in your area. For example,has there been a shift from dependence primarily on natural resourceindustries or an emergence of more service industry in recent years?Has there been a balance between different types of economic activityin the area over time?

Oneof the trends in the economic activities in Chengdu is the embrace oftechnology to the economy of the region. The industrial output inChengdu has increased immensely because of mechanization and the useof technology in the production of goods and services. This trend hascontinued to influence industries through the establishment if ITindustries that produce IT and software products for local andinternational application. The second trend is the modernization ofthe transport and communication infrastructure. The region hastransformed because of the new modern roads, modern rail lines andairports that have facilitated all the economic activities inChengdu.

7.What physical characteristics of the site constrained or limited yourlandscape site`s usage?

WhileChengdu has developed and become a stronger region, there are a fewphysical characteristics that constrain and limit the usage of thelandscape. One of the characteristics is that the plains in theregion lead to frequent flooding. The flooding is because of thelarge supply of water, heavy rains and the terrain are overwhelmed byexcessive flood waters. This limits the agricultural use of land andaffects transportation as well as industrial developments. Anotherconstraint is the mountainous region of Chengdu makes the regionchallenging to construct road networks to cover all the areas.

8.What is the land value of your site or what are the land valueswithin your site? Compare the land value(s) of your site with thosefound in the region, state, nationally, or globally.

Thevalue of land in Chengdu has increased over time. In the same way,the land values within the Chengdu region have also increased overtime. For instance, some places have recorded an increase in theprice by over 30% in value. The value of land per acre in some placesis $31,000,in terms of average, especially in the farm lands (Werman,2013). However, it is complex to determine the exact value of theland in the region. This is because of the changes in the factorsthat determine the value of land. In comparison with other regions,the value of land in Chengdu matches the Chinese regions(Werman,2013). However, some cities like the Guangzhou have higher land valuecompared to the rates in Chengdu.

9.Identify, at least one positive externality, and describe itssignificance.

TheChengdu has a number of positive externalities in terms of itsdevelopment and the influence of the people in the region. Onepositive externality is the security that the Chengdu has brought tothe people in the region. Because of the establishment of themilitary headquarters in Chengdu, the region has a lot of security,which has influenced peace among the people. At the same time, thesecurity and peace in Chengdu have impacted positively to theeconomic development in the region. Another externality is thereputation of the region in the global arena. Chengdu is known forits host of panda, which attracts tourists from both the local andthe international sources.

10.Identify, at least one negative externality, and describe itssignificance.

Despitethe positive externalities, the region has negative externalities onthe people. One of the negative externality is pollution fromindustries as the economic activity. Pollution in the region is highbecause of the discharge of waste materials from the industries interms of gaseous, solid and liquid substances out of the factories.The pollution has affected the environment in the regions, and hasled to concerns of the future of the region. Most of the emissionscause diseases to the people and animals, and affects the people thehealth of plants and wildlife. Such pollution also affects aquaticlife, and the drinking water of the region.

11.Have the opportunity or constraints of your site changed over time?For example, while central Michigan had an abundance of white pines,thus an opportunity for the timber industry, eventually nearly allpines were harvested and the resultant landscape had limited timbervalue and the moved toward agricultural value.

Theopportunities of the Chengdu site and the region have changed overtime. One of the opportunities in the region is the agriculturalactivity of farming and maximizing good use of the fertile plains.The agricultural practice has changed over time due to themodernization of the farming techniques and use of technology. Theuse of better farming tools and biological advancements in the plantsand animals farmed. Another opportunity that has changed over time isin the industrialization. The region has recorded better use oftechnology and has seen the establishment of several IT industries inthe region.

12.Describe the political history of your site:

Chengduhas a strong and long political history, which has developed the overtime. Chengdu has been inhabited for over 4 thousands ago, and was asignificant center in the ancient Chinese cultures. The ancientChinese communities, the political dynasties that ruled the Chengduregion were the Zhou and the Shang dynasties. The economic advantagesof the region made Chengdu expand from the Sichuan region to thelarge western china provinces. After the civil war, Chengdu emergedas a central city of the western Chinese region and became theheadquarters of the Chengdu military. Currently, Chengdu is wellplanned and has good and sustainable relations with other countriesas seen in the establishment of foreign consulates in the city.

13.Identify a local policy that has influenced how your landscape hasbeen or is being used. Local policies include city or townshipregulations/ordinances, local tax policies and local buildingdisincentives/incentives:

Oneof the local policies that have influenced Chengdu is the change intax policies that are aimed at creating incentives for foreigninvestments in the region (Brinded,2012).Chengdu government has established tax breaks with a view of bringingin more western investors in the region. This has helped the regionseek economic development that has led to the growth in trade andindustry sectors.

14.Identify a state policy that has influenced how your landscape hasbeen or is being used. State policies include land subdivisionregulations land preservation programs, environmental policies:

Oneof the state policies that have made Chengdu have a better economicoutcome and use is the attraction of foreign trade. This is donethrough the establishment of consulates in Chengdu. This has led tothe establishment of better trade relations in the region and haspromoted investments. The consulates help make traveling easierbetween Chengdu and other parts of the world. This has helped tourismin Chengdu and opened the region for other economic benefits.

15.Identify a national policy that has influenced how your landscape hasbeen or is being used. National policies include environmentalpolicies such as the Clean Water Act a NEPA, national transportationpolicies, and federal housing programs:

Oneof the national policies that have influenced Chengdu is the nationalwater policy. This policy is enforced by China’sMinistry of Industry and Information Technology&nbspandseeks promote better use of water and promote higher productivity(Chang,2014).The policy seeks to reduce wastage of water and allow other societiesto develop better usage for economic productivity like irrigation.

16.Describe a political process that influences how your landscape isused or managed

Apolitical process that influences the use of Chengdu is theestablishment of a free citizen area. This is done by the Chengdugovernment where it allows foreigners to enter Chengdu and dobusiness in the region without travelling to other regions. Theprocess involves allowing people with passports of different majorcountries in the world to land in Chengdu and engages in limitedinteractions with the region (TravelChina, n.d).This allows Chengdu to experience liberalized interaction with theinternational community and attract economic opportunities from othercountries.

References

Brinded,L. (2012). ChengduChina Exclusive: Tax Breaks and Preferential Policies Push WesternInvestment, RetrievedFrom,&lthttp://www.ibtimes.co.uk/chengdu-china-fortune-500-world-s-fastest-406914&gtJune 21, 2015

Chang,G. (2014). China`sStrict NewWater&nbspPolicy.RetrievedFrom,&lthttp://www.forbes.com/sites/gordonchang/2011/04/03/chinas-strict-new-water-policy/&gtJune 21, 2015

TravelChina, n.d. ChengduTravel Guide,RetrievedFrom, &lthttp://www.travelchinaguide.com/cityguides/chengdu.htm&gtJune 21, 2015

Werman,M. (2013). China Past Due: Land Rights. RetrievedFrom,&lthttp://www.pri.org/stories/2013-05-01/china-past-due-land-rights&gtJune 21, 2015