Pathophysiology of cardiovascular disorder


Pathophysiologyof cardiovascular disorder

Pathophysiologyof cardiovascular disorder

Itis evident that every year a sport’s star is lost following heartcomplications. This happens irrespective of thorough and constantscreening of these athletes. This implies that there exists adiscrepancy in cardiovascular examination done. The document belowinvolves a 16-year-old athlete whose examination revealed that he hasa grade II/VI systolic murmur which was heard loudest at the heart’sapex. The grade II/VI simply means that the murmur is grade 2 and ison a scale of 1 to 6 (Lilly &amp Harvard Medical School, 2011).

Amurmur can be defined as a sound generated when blood is travelingvia valves or vessels in an energy-dissipating manner or in aturbulent. It can be a crucial clue to a cardiovascular system’sstructural abnormality. Murmurs can be classified into functionalinnocent or pathologic. An innocent murmur is an abnormal sound thatis in a normal structural heart. A functional murmur is an abnormalsound that erupts due to a particular pathophysiologic condition. Apathologic murmur can be termed as an abnormal sound that resultsfrom a structural abnormality in a particular heart`s position(Huether &amp McCance, 2008). There are various tests that can beemployed to diagnose the problem.

Iwould use the timing method which is the most accurate method oftesting the cardiovascular murmur. It helps in determining the exacttype of murmur whether it is systolic, diastolic or continuous. Afterdetermination of the type of the murmur, it is then graded. Grade sixmurmurs are the most audible since can be heard even without the helpof a stethoscope. The shape, as well as the pitch of the murmur, isalso determined to understand the intensity of the murmur. Finally,one has to consider the point the murmur is heard from and, in thiscase, is at the heart’s apex meaning it is at the mitral valvepost. Murmurs usually radiate at different parts of the heart. Thismeans the radiation knowledge is essential. For example, Aorticstenosis (AS) radiates at the apex and thus this athlete could besuffering from this type of stylistic murmur (Lilly &amp HarvardMedical School, 2011). I consider the patient’s behavior aspectwhen undertaking the pathophysiology. The behavior determines theprescription the patient will receive in that it is essential todetermine how he lives and the things he consumes. Similarly, if heuses drugs, it might complicate the diagnosis process.


Huether,S. E., &amp McCance, K. L. (2008).&nbspUnderstandingpathophysiology.St. Louis, Mo: Mosby/Elsevier.

Lilly,L. S., &amp Harvard Medical School. (2011).&nbspPathophysiologyof heart disease: A collaborative project of medical students andfaculty.Baltimore, MD: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams &amp Wilkins.