Theconcepts such as “good and evil’, “just and unjust”,“honorable and dishonorable” are very instrumental in the contextof the dialogue. Within the dialogue several themes come up, forinstance, Euthyphro is trying to justify his act in trying to sue hisfather for having a man killed. This may be seen as evil and unjusthowever, when looked at from a different perspective, there is theelement of family and relationships, which Socrates asserts wouldsurely make the situation seem awkward (Euthyphro). Socrates tellsEuthyphro that, “For I certainly did not ask you to tell mewhat action is both pious and impious: but now it would seem thatwhat is loved by the gods is also hated by them.” This statementimplies the impossibility to draw a clear line between the twoextremes most humans tend to operate in between the two.
Euthyphro gives several answers regarding what he believes being holy implies,however, almost all the answers give very vague meaning and aresomewhat very skewed. One very specific answer that sounds very weirdis that, “Piety or holiness, Socrates, appears to me to bethat part of justice which attends to the gods, as there is theother part of justice which attends to men.” Using Haidt’ssocial intuition model, the answer aligns itself to the reasoningthat moral judgments are generally involuntary and would often bearrived at without any thought. On this context, the decision thatEuthyphro makes on suing his father is justified: one “just seeswithout argument that they are and must be true” (Haidt &Hersh, 2000).
Normally,the first feeling that one develops, before the mind is polluted isnormally the right one. The argument is that moral reasoning do notalways determine the moral judgment of an individual. Moral intuitionis never explainable, as outlined in Haidt, “. . . don`t know, Ican`t explain it, I just know it`s wrong” (Haidt & Hersh,2001).
Haidt,J., & Hersh, M. (2001). Sexual morality: The cultures and reasonsof liberals and conservatives. Journalof Applied Social Psychology, 31,191-221.
Haidt,J., Bjorklund, F., & Murphy, S. (2000). Moraldumbfounding: When intuition finds no reason. Unpublishedmanuscript, University of Virginia.