Accordingto the Merriam-Webster dictionary, self-concept is the mental imagepeople have about themselves. It is also referred to asself-perspective, self-identity or self-construction. Self-concept istherefore a set of beliefs and personal traits that an individualpossess and makes a person unique from other individuals [ CITATION Gli14 l 1033 ].The social identity theory suggests that self-concept comprises oftwo parts, the social identityand the personal identity. Social identity is acquired through thegroups people associate with while personal identity refers to traitsthat make individuals stand out. In this essay, the author willdiscuss the four elements of self-concept and also how they affect anindividual’s well-being and behavior.
Self-concepthas four elements. The first element is the physical self. This isthe mental image that people have about themselves based on theirphysical characteristics. The physical element of self-conceptusually affects people’s self-esteem which in turn influences theirperformance in the work place. People who feel good about theirphysical self, perform better than their counterparts who think lowabout themselves. The second element is the social aspect. This isthe perception that individuals have in the society in respect to thegroups and circles individuals are associated with. Since the socialgroups become a form of identity, people tend to conform to variousattitudes in order to fit in the group. The competent self is made upof an individual’s abilities and skills especially in meeting theirbasic needs. For instance, I believe that I am a problem solver sinceI have good skills in mathematics and I can analyze situations. Anindividual’s competencies influences their time as people findthemselves spending more time sharpening their craft in order to bebetter employees at work. Finally, there is the inner self or thepsychological self. This refers to a person’s feelings andthoughts. This influences individual’s beliefs in a higher powerwhich in turn affects their attitude about life and their ability toachieve their goals.
Glinow, M. V., & McShane, S. (2014). Organizational Behavior. New York: Mc-Graw-Hill Education.