TheImpacts of Tuberculosis in China
Theimpacts of Tuberculosis in China
Background:Tuberculosis (TB) is a possibly serious disease that affects aperson`s lungs. Bacteria causing tuberculosis is spread from oneindividual to another through tiny droplets dispersed into the airvia coughs and sneezes.
GeographicArea: Geographically, the current prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) inthe China demonstrates that there is a geographical heterogeneity.The heterogeneity proves that TB prevalence in the remote areas ofWestern China is more severe than the prevalence in the coastal plainof Eastern China (Meng, Cheng & Blas, 2004).
GlobalImportance: There are a tuberculosis control strategies to reach the2035 global targets in China (World Health Organization, 2010).Recently, the World Health Organization came up with a strategy thatseeks to end TB in China. The WHO policies try to attain a 90%reduction in TB problems and achieve a 95% reduction of TB’s deathsfrom the year 2015 to 2035 in the country of China that is the secondlargest country that is affected by TB in the world.
Cultureof the People: WHO claimed that less than one-quarter of peoplebelieved to have TB in China were diagnosed. China records a largenumber of migrant workers (World Health Organization, 2010). Many ofthe migrants engage in unprotected sex hence getting HIV/AIDs, whichleads to weakened immune system, which makes them vulnerable to TB.
TheGovernment: There are approved testing clinics that do the testing,and the government of China encourages its citizens and foreigners tovisit the test centers. The test centers will help in fighting thedisease (Meng, Cheng & Blas, 2004).
NaturalResources: Increases on TB have led to exploitation of naturalresources as much of it is channeled to stop the disease. AnInstitute of Microbiology of Chinese Academy of Sciences and the TBAlliance that partnered to develop new TB Drugs from naturalresources including microbial metabolites and Chinese traditionalmedicines (Meng, Cheng & Blas, 2004). Novel drugs will be neededto help in reducing the drug-resistant TB in the country.
HumanResources: The government of China acknowledged that Import andexports would be reduced, but wages for the workers were up. Eventhough, a large number of skilled personnel are lost to TB deaths inthe country.
Meng,Q., Li, R., Cheng, G., & Blas, E. (2004). Provision and financialburden of TB services in a financially decentralized system: a casestudy from Shandong, China. The International journal of healthplanning and management, 19(S1), S45-S62.
WorldHealth Organization. (2010). Global tuberculosis control: WHO report2010. World Health Organization.