TUCKMAN’S THEORY 4
presents a developmental model for groups thatinvolves four stages. The four stages are the forming, storming,norming and performing. The fifth stage of adjourning was added laterin the model but the first four stages have been the subject of studyfor many years. The four stages were developed as a result ofobservation of group behaviors. Tuckman argues that for a group toblossom and perform effectively, it must go through these stages. Theforming stage constitutes the orientation of the group and thetesting (Chen, 2012). This stage is followed by the storming stagewhere the members have interpersonal conflicts and are influenced byemotions around work issues. Cohesiveness and the development ofroles develop in the third stage which is called the norming stage.The last stage is the performing stage where structural relationshipshave developed and the group energy is channeled towards the taskinvolved.
Team building exercises are vital for developing trust between teammembers and also motivating the employees. Developing an activitywhere the employees can work as a team is essential. A good exampleis to go mountain climbing where the employees are divided into twogroups (Chen, 2012). Survival scenarios are also essential and vitalteam building exercises. Employees are divided into two groups andthey are told that their plane has just crushed and they are going touse a small boat which can only accommodate a few of theirnecessities such as food and clothing (Chen, 2012). They are supposedto communicate and agree upon what items to carry and what items toleave. This is meant to enhance communication and agreement betweenthe team members.
Leading a team is one of the roles I enjoyed and experiencedteamwork at its best. Being the team leader of an academic group gaveme the opportunity to lead people in a way that enhances guiding themembers rather than commanding them. The team members wereparticipatory and supportive. I experienced a situation where roleswere flexible and members could handle any task. Another experiencewas that the team took time to blossom and the few interpersonalissues at the formation stage were ironed out over time.
Chen, J. (2012). 50 digital team building games: Fast, funmeeting openers, group activities and adventures usingsocial media, smart phones, GPS, tablets, and more. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley.